Communist Party of Albania (1991)

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Communist Party of Albania

Partia Komuniste e Shqipërisë
LeaderQemal Cicollari
Founded1991 (1991)
Split fromAlbanian Party of Labour
HeadquartersTirana, Albania
NewspaperZëri i së Vërtetës (The Voice of Truth)
Youth wingCommunist Youth of Albania
IdeologyCommunism
Marxism–Leninism
Hoxhaism
Anti-revisionism
Political positionFar-left
International affiliationInternational Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties
Website
www.pksh.al

The Communist Party of Albania (in Albanian: Partia Komuniste e Shqipërisë, PKSH) is a communist and anti-revisionist Marxist-Leninist political party in Albania. The party was formed in 1991,[1][2] as a split from the Albanian Party of Labour which converted itself into the Socialist Party of Albania. It upholds Enver Hoxha and Hoxhaism. The party was led by Hysni Milloshi[3] until his death in 2012.

Nexhmije Hoxha is a member of the party.

On 16 July 1992, the Albanian parliament voted to ban the party and its newspaper. A law that took effect in June allowed leaders of political parties, members of parliament and government ministers to keep weapons and as the party was banned, its leader Hysni Milloshi was arrested on 22 July 1992 for illegal weapons possession.[4]

The law banning the Communist Party of Albania was repealed in April 1998, and the PKSH became the first communist party after 1991 to legally register at the Electoral Commission.[5]

In 2002, a fraction of PKSH split and merged into the refounded the Albanian Party of Labour. In a 2006 unification congress, the Communist Party of Albania, Albanian Party of Labour and smaller communist parties merged as the Communist Party of Albania. 300 members of these parties participated in this congress and Hysni Milloshi was the leader of the unified party.

In the 2005 parliamentary elections, the party gained 8,901 votes (0.7%) on the proportional list. However, at the 2013 elections its number of votes declined sharply, gathering 899 votes nationwide.[6] In 2017 parliamentary elections it gathered 1,029 votes (0.07%).

PKSH publishes Zëri i së Vërtetës ('The Voice of Truth'). The youth wing of the party is known as Communist Youth of Albania.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Europa World Year. Taylor & Francis. 2004. p. 455. ISBN 978-1-85743-254-1. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  2. ^ "Leftist Parties of Albania". Broad Left. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  3. ^ Ja partitë politike me emra të çuditshëm, 114 regjistrime ne Gjykatë Tema online
  4. ^ "Human Rights Developments - Albania". Human Rights Watch. 1993. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
  5. ^ Lansford, Tom (2012). Political Handbook of the World 2012. SAGE. p. 22. ISBN 9781608719952. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
  6. ^ http://result.cec.org.a[dead link]

External links[edit]