Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain

Partido Comunista de los Pueblos de España
LeaderCarmelo Suárez
Founded15 December 1984
HeadquartersMadrid, Spain
Youth wingJuventud del PCPE
IdeologyCommunism
Marxism-Leninism
Euroscepticism
Internationalism
Anticapitalism
Political positionFar-left
European affiliation(Formerly) Initiative of Communist and Workers' Parties
International affiliationInternational Conference of Communist and Workers' Parties
International Communist Seminar
ColoursRed
Local Government
8 / 67,611
Website
www.pcpe.es

Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (Spanish: Partido Comunista de los Pueblos de España) is a communist and Marxist–Leninist political party in Spain. PCPE was founded out of the unification of several Marxist-Leninist factions. The youth organization is called the Juventud del PCPE.

History[edit]

From 13–15 December 1984 a "Communist Unity Congress" was held in Madrid. Partido Comunista de España Unificado (PCEU, Unified Communist Party of Spain), Movimiento de Recuperación del PCE (MRPCE, Movement for the Recuperation of the PCE), Movimiento para la Recuperación y Unificación del PCE (MRUPCE, Movement for the Recuperation and Unification of the PCE), Candidatura Comunista (CC, Communist Candidature), and some minor groups unified themselves, thus creating Partido Comunista (renamed PCPE in 1986).

All these groups had surged from splits from the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) during the 1970s and 1980s. Quickly after its foundation, PCPE was recognized by some other parties, such as the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and other statebearing Eastern bloc parties. The party was formed by those who were against Santiago Carrillo's Eurocommunist line in the PCE. The Catalan referent of PCPE was initially Party of Communists of Catalonia (PCC), but it later broke with PCPE and now the Catalan referent is the Communist Party of the Peoples of Catalonia.

PCPE briefly joined Izquierda Unida in 1987. In 2000, the Spanish Communist Workers' Party (PCOE) merged with PCPE, and the publication of the united party became Unidad y Lucha.

2017 Split[edit]

In April 2017 the PCPE suffered a major split. During the fifth plenary session of the central committee a minority of the committee recognized Astor Garcia as the new secretary general of the party, however a majority continued to recognize the incumbent (since 2002) secretary general Carmelo Suarez. The group around Astor Garcia created a new competing website of the PCPE.

Both PCPE-Suarez and PCPE-Garcia were recognized by different communist parties as the legitimate PCPE[1][2][3][4]. A majority of the Collectives of Communist Youth membership pledged allegiance to PCPE-Garcia[5][6].

For the next two years both groups would compete for the PCPE name and international recognition. This dispute was finally resolved in March 2019 when the PCPE-Garcia relinquished its claim to the PCPE name and renamed itself to the Communist Party of the Workers of Spain (Partido Comunista de los Trabajadores de España, PCTE)[7][8].

Publications[edit]

PCPE publishes Unidad y Lucha and Propuesta Comunista (a theoretical journal). Before the PCOE-PCPE merger, the main publication of the party was Nuevo Rumbo.

Electoral performance[edit]

Cortes Generales[edit]

Election Leader Votes % # Seats Outcome Notes
Congress Senate
1986 Ignacio Gallego 935,504 4.63 #5
1 / 350
0 / 208
PSOE majority Within United Left
1989 Juan Ramos Camarero 62,664 0.31 #20
0 / 350
0 / 208
PSOE minority
1993 10,233 0.04 #31
0 / 350
0 / 208
PSOE minority
1996 14,513 0.06 #21
0 / 350
0 / 208
PP minority
2000 12,898 0.06 #29
0 / 350
0 / 208
PP majority
2004 Carmelo Suárez 12,979 0.05 #29
0 / 350
0 / 208
PSOE minority
2008 20,030 0.08 #26
0 / 350
0 / 208
PSOE minority
2011 26,254 0.11 #21
0 / 350
0 / 208
PP majority
2015 31,179 0.12 #18
0 / 350
0 / 208
New election
2016 26,627 0.11 #15
0 / 350
0 / 208
PP minority

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

List of political parties in Spain

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Partido Comunista de los Pueblos de España - Encuentro bilateral en La Habana con el Partido Comunista de Cuba". www.pcpe.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  2. ^ Socialista, Corea (2017-05-04). "Visita del PCPE a la embajada de la RPDC en Madrid". Corea Socialista (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  3. ^ admin (2017-05-04). "Posición del PC de Grecia sobre los acontecimientos en el PCPE". PCTE (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  4. ^ agitprop (2017-05-18). "Acto internacional en Madrid: «Ni tierra, ni mar, ni aire para los imperialistas»". PCTE (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  5. ^ "Juventud Comunista - CJC". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  6. ^ Canarias-semanal.org. "LOS COLECTIVOS DE JÓVENES COMUNISTAS RECONOCEN A ÁSTOR GARCÍA COMO SECRETARIO GENERAL DEL PCPE". Canarias-semanal.org, Digital informativo de ámbito internacional y actualización diaria, de lunes a viernes (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  7. ^ "Partido Comunista de los Pueblos de España - Declaración de Secretario General del PCPE sobre las siglas del Partido y el fin de la usurpación de las mismas". www.pcpe.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  8. ^ agitprop (2019-03-04). "De nuevo, el Partido Comunista". PCTE (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-06.

External links[edit]