Community Health Systems
|Traded as||NYSE: CYH|
|Headquarters||Franklin, Tennessee, United States|
|Wayne T. Smith (CEO)
Larry Cash (CFO)
|Revenue||$18.6 billion (2014)|
|$1.3 billion (2014)|
|$136 million (2014)|
Number of employees
Community Health Systems Inc. is a Fortune 500 company based in Franklin, Tennessee. It is the largest provider of general hospital healthcare services in the United States in terms of number of acute care facilities.  As of April 30, 2016, it owns, leases or operates 160 hospitals in 23 states.
In August 2015, the company announced plans to spin off 38 hospitals and its management and consulting subsidiary, Quorum Health Resources, into a new publicly traded company called Quorum Health Corporation. The company completed the spinoff of Quorum Health Corporation on April 29, 2016. Quorum owns or leases hospitals across 16 states, primarily in cities or counties with populations of 50,000 or less. It is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol: QHC.
E. Thomas Chaney, former executive of Hospital Affiliates, Inc. and David Steffy and Richard Ragsdale, former executives at Hospital Corporation of America spinoff Republic Health Corporation, formed Community Health Systems in 1985.
The company made its initial public offering in 1991. In 1996, the company was purchased by private equity firm Forstmann Little & Company. Community Health Systems went public again in 2000. In August 2003, the company acquires Southside Regional Medical Center. On October 10, 2015, the 372-bed Grandview Medical Center began operating in Birmingham, Alabama, replacing Trinity Medical Center.
In 2007, Community Health Systems purchased Plano, Texas-based Triad Hospitals for $6.8 billion, adding nearly 50 hospitals, hospital management and consulting business Quorum Health Resources, and nearly doubling the size of the company. Among the facilities included in the deal was McKenzie-Willamette Hospital in Springfield, Oregon; Trinity Medical Center in Birmingham, Alabama; and the seven hospitals of Lutheran Health Network in the Ft. Wayne, Indiana region. In 2010, McKenzie-Willamette's healthcare workers' union, SEIU, Local 49, claimed that workload increases, slashed benefits, and staff reductions had lowered the quality of both patient care and quality of life for employees. The union, in its "Profits Before Community" campaign against the hospital, continues to highlight that profits have tripled while charitable care and employee benefits have steadily decreased since the hospital moved from a non-profit to a for-profit enterprise under CHS.
In 2011, it was accused by Tenet Healthcare of overbilling Medicare in its aggressive admissions policy compared to its peers. It was subpoenaed by Medicare on its aggressive billing to the Medicare systems.
In 2013, Community Health Systems entered into an agreement with Health Management Associates to purchase HMA for about $3.6 billion in cash and stock. The merger was completed in January 2014 and made Community Health Systems the largest for-profit hospital operator at the time, with 206 hospitals in 29 states.
It was reported on August 18, 2014 that hackers broke into Community Health System's records system and stole data on 4.5 million patients. This data included names, Social Security numbers, physical addresses, birthdays and telephone numbers. CHS provided all patients whose records were impacted with free identity theft protection.
- "Community Health Systems to spin out new company - Nashville Business Journal". Nashville Business Journal. Retrieved 2015-11-09.
- "CHS closes Triad purchase". Nashville Business Journal. 2007-07-25.
- Weaver, Christopher; Jaramillo, Cassandra. "Community Health Spinoff to Focus on Smaller Markets". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2015-11-09.
- Sun, Lena H. (June 8, 2015). "50 U.S. hospitals mark up prices 1000 percent for some patients, study finds". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
- Bai, Ge; Anderson, Gerard F. (June 1, 2015). "Extreme Markup: The Fifty US Hospitals With The Highest Charge-To-Cost Ratios". Health Affairs 34 (6): 922–928. doi:10.1377/hlthaff.2014.1414. ISSN 0278-2715.
- "BUSINESS PEOPLE; 3 Hospital Bidders Facing Skepticism". New York Times. 1987-04-13.
- Freundheim, Milt (2006-06-11). "Forstmann to Acquire Community Health for $1.1 Billion". New York Times.
- "Stock Offerings Are Set". New York Times. 2000-06-05.
- "Community Health Systems Acquires Southside Regional Medical Center in Petersburg, Virginia". August 4, 2003. Retrieved Jul 26, 2013.
- "Ten things you need to know about Trinity's move to 280". AL.com. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
- Francis, Theo. "Community Health to Acquire Rival Triad". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
- "Community Health Systems, Inc.". www.sec.gov. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
- "Community Health Faces Inquiry on Medicare Claims". New York Times. 2011-11-15.
- De La Merced, Michael J. (30 July 2013). "Community Health Agrees to Buy H.M.A. for $3.6 Billion". New York, NY: New York Times.
- DuBois, Shelley (24 January 2014). "Community Health Systems' HMA purchase clears hurdle". The Tennessean.
- "CHS Completes HMA Acquisition". www.beckershospitalreview.com. Retrieved 2015-11-09.
- Pagliery, Jose. "Hospital network hacked, 4.5 million records stolen". CNNMoney. Retrieved 2015-11-09.