Community Rehabilitation Company
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Community Rehabilitation Company (CRC) is the term given to a private-sector supplier of Probation and Prison-based rehabilitative services for offenders in England and Wales. A number of CRCs were established in 2015 as part of the Ministry of Justice's (MoJ) Transforming Rehabilitation (TR) strategy for the reform of offender rehabilitation.
A 2013 White Paper, "Transforming Rehabilitation: A Strategy for Reform" set out the government's intention to outsource the supervision and rehabilitation of low and medium risk of serious harm offenders to Community Rehabilitation Companies to be established by the private and charitable sector. The intention was that their work would replace that done by existing Probation Trusts in England and Wales; and that in addition CRCs would have responsibility for the supervision of the rehabilitation of offenders serving short-term prison sentences. A separate public-sector National Probation Service was to be established to manage the supervision and rehabilitation of medium and high risk of serious harm offenders. Legislation was passed in the form of the Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 to enable changes to the statutory basis for offender supervision to support the proposed reforms.
Over the course of 2013 and 2014 MoJ established 21 geographical Contract Package Areas to cover England and Wales, and devised a contractual framework and bidding process by which contracts for each area might be let to a CRC.
In June 2014, staff of existing Probation Trusts were allocated either the new National Probation Service, or else to the notional CRC that was to assume control of offenders in the Trust area, with the intention that staff allocated to CRCs would be transferred (TUPed) across to actual CRCs upon their formation. The bidding process came to an end and CRC contracts were let in December 2014, with the new regime coming into full effect in February 2015.
Contract Package Areas and Providers
The 21 Contract Package Areas, and successful bidders, are: 
|Contract Package Area||CRC|
|Northumbria CRC||Sodexo Justice Services|
|Durham & Tees Valley CRC||ARCC|
|Cumbria & Lancashire CRC||Sodexo Justice Services|
|Humberside, Lincolnshire & North Yorkshire CRC||Purple Futures|
|West Yorkshire CRC||Purple Futures|
|Merseyside CRC||Purple Futures|
|South Yorkshire CRC||Sodexo Justice Services|
|Cheshire & Greater Manchester CRC||Purple Futures|
|Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire & Rutland CRC||Reducing Re-offending Partnership|
|Staffordshire & West Midlands CRC||Reducing Re-offending Partnership|
|Norfolk & Suffolk||Sodexo Justice Services|
|Wales CRC||Working Links|
|Warwickshire & West Mercia CRC||People Plus|
|Bedfordshire, Northamptonshire, Cambridgeshire & Hertfordshire CRC||Sodexo Justice Services|
|Bristol, Gloucestershire, Somerset & Wiltshire CRC||Working Links|
|Thames Valley CRC||MTCnovo|
|Essex CRC||Sodexo Justice Services|
|Dorset, Devon & Cornwall CRC||Working Links|
|Hampshire & Isle of Wight CRC||Purple Futures|
|Kent, Sussex & Surrey CRC||Seetec|
- "Transforming Rehabilitation: A Strategy for Reform" (PDF). Secretary of State for Justice. May 2013. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
- "Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014". UK Parliament. 13 March 2014. Archived from the original on 9 April 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
- "Updated timeline for Transforming Rehabilitation competition". Russell Webster. Retrieved 21 April 2016.