Comorian presidential election, 2016

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Comorian presidential election, 2016

← 2010 21 February 2016 (primary)
10 April 2016 (national)

  Azali Assoumani 2018.jpg
Nominee Azali Assoumani Mohamed Ali Soilihi Mouigni Baraka
Party CRC UPDC RDC
Popular vote 81,214 77,736 37,073
Percentage 41.43% 39.66% 18.91%

President before election

Ikililou Dhoinine

Elected President

Azali Assoumani
CRC

Seal of the Comoros.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Comoros

Presidential elections were held in the Comoros on 21 February 2016, with a second round to be held on 10 April 2016,[1][2] alongside elections for the Governors of the three islands.[3] Azali Assoumani of the Convention for the Renewal of the Comoros was elected President with 41% of the vote.

Electoral system[edit]

The presidency of the Comoros rotates between the country's three main islands; Anjouan, Grande Comore and Mohéli. The 2006 elections were limited to candidates from Anjouan and the 2010 elections to Mohélian candidates. As a result, the 2016 elections will see presidential candidacy limited to Grande Comore residents.[4]

A primary election took place on Grande Comore on 21 February, with the three top candidates progressing to the nationwide second round on 10 April, where a plurality determined the winner.[2]

Campaign[edit]

On 30 October 2013 former President Ahmed Sambi launched the Juwa Party, announcing that he would run in the elections.[5]

Results[edit]

Candidate Party Grande Comore primary Second round
Votes % Votes %
Mohamed Ali Soilihi Union for the Development of the Comoros 19,541 17.61 77,736 39.66
Mouigni Baraka Democratic Rally of the Comoros 16,738 15.09 37,073 18.91
Azali Assoumani Convention for the Renewal of the Comoros 16,596 14.96 81,214 41.43
Fahmi Said Ibrahim Independent 16,034 14.45
Larifou Said Rally for a Development Initiative with an Enlightened Youth 6,795 6.12
Bourhane Hamidou Independent 6,397 5.77
Mohamed Daoudou Orange Party 4,662 4.20
Said Hachim Achiraffi Convention for Democratic Alternation and Mutual Interaction 3,229 2.91
Assoumani Aboudou URANGO 2,847 2.57
Mohamed Issimalia Independent 2,041 1.84
Salimou Mohamed Amiri Independent 1,938 1.75
Nassor Mohamed Ali Independent 1,901 1.71
Mzé Abdou Soulé El-Back Social Democrat Party of the Comoros–Dudja 1,767 1.59
Said Ali Kemal Ed-Dine 1,570 1.42
Abdouloihabi Mohamed Political Alliance for the Safeguarding of Institutions 1,377 1.24
Ibrahima Hissani Mfoihaya Alliance of Progressive Forces for Change 1,366 1.23
Allaoui Said Haimdou Ulezi 1,055 0.95
Salim Saadi Independent 1,033 0.93
Cheikh Ahmed Said Abdourahmane Movement for the Development of the Comoros 767 0.69
Youssouf Abdou Moinaecha Independent 735 0.66
Said Ahmed Said Ali Comorian Union for Progress 573 0.52
Youssouf Said Mahazi Independent 552 0.50
Mohamed Mohamed Ali Dia Komor Ya Leo Na Messo 535 0.48
Maecha Mtara National Rally for Development–Renewal 455 0.41
Mahamoud Ahmed Wadaane RIFAID 443 0.40
Invalid/blank votes 7,214 12,026
Total 118,057 100 208,049 100
Registered voters/turnout 158,645 74.42 301,006 69.12
Source: Comores Infos (first round, second round)

Reactions[edit]

Domestic[edit]

  • Mohamed Ali Soilihi, presidential candidate from the Union for the Development of the Comoros and former vice president of Comoros, rejected the results. Ali Soilihi alleged that the released results by the Independent National Electoral Commission is only partial and that the margin is too small for them to declare the results.[6]

International[edit]

  • African Union: The African Union observers headed by Moncef Marzouki declared the elections to be free and transparent and was conducted in a peaceful manner.[7]
  •  Arab League: The Arab league declared the first round of elections free and fair.[8]
  •  European Union: Prior to the election the European Union help fund and train Independent National Electoral Commission to help them conduct free and fair elections.[9] Though the EU did not send an observer mission to the isles, the International Francophonie Organization based in France sent an observer team. The organization commended both the people and the authorities that held the elections in a peaceful and orderly process.[10]
  •  United Nations: The UN Secretary general Ban Ki-moon commended the people for conducting the elections peacefully and requested that all members of the election resolve their issues in a peaceful and legal manner.[11]

Aftermath[edit]

After the provisional results were released, Mohamed Ali Soilihi refused to accept his defeat by Azali Assoumani and claimed that not all the results from Anjouan had been properly released and the margin was too narrow for CENI to declare a winner.[12] The Constitutional Court ordered a partial re-run to be held in 13 constituencies by 15 May.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Presidential Elections in the Comoros: Whose turn is it anyway? African Arguments, 18 February 2016
  2. ^ a b "Comoros: Key presidential poll runoff set for Sunday, April 10". africanews.channel. Retrieved 2016-04-05.
  3. ^ Comoros: Elections difficult to fund Indian Ocean Times, 10 September 2014
  4. ^ Comoros: Government Global Edge
  5. ^ Former president to stand again in 2016 election The Economist, 7 November 2013
  6. ^ "Former Comoros Veep rejects presidential results". africanews.channel. Retrieved 2016-04-18.
  7. ^ "Soilihi 'wins First Round Of Comoros Elections'". www.enca.com. Retrieved 2016-04-18.
  8. ^ "Observers Declare Comoros Legislative Election Free, Transparent | Bloomberg". Verified Voting. Retrieved 2016-04-18.
  9. ^ info@eces.eu. "PACTE Comoros II | ECES | European Centre for Electoral Support". www.eces.eu. Retrieved 2016-04-18.
  10. ^ Mmadi, Ali. "Observers Declare Comoros Legislative Election Free, Transparent". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2016-04-18.
  11. ^ Admin. "Ki-moon Lauds Comoros For Peaceful Elections". News Ghana. Retrieved 2016-04-18.
  12. ^ AfricaNews. "Comoros runoff election results remains in doubt | Africanews". africanews.channel. Retrieved 2016-05-01.
  13. ^ "Comoros Court Orders Partial Re Run Of Presidential Poll". www.enca.com. Retrieved 2016-05-01.