Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos

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CPTM
CPTM (Logo).svg
Trem Linha Coral CPTM.jpg
Overview
Owner São Paulo (state) Government
Locale Greater São Paulo
Transit type Rapid Transit and Commuter Rail
Number of lines 7
Number of stations 94
Daily ridership 2,752,000 (2017)
Annual ridership 827,700,000 (2017)
Chief executive Mário Manuel Seabra Rodrigues Bandeira
Headquarters Rua Boa Vista, 185, Centro
Website www.cptm.sp.gov.br
Operation
Began operation May 28, 1992
Operator(s) CPTM
Number of vehicles 213 (2018)
Technical
System length 273.0 kilometres (169.6 mi)
Track gauge 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in)
Electrification 3,000V DC catenary
Average speed 60 km/h (37 mph)
Top speed 90 km/h (56 mph)
System map

CPTM.svg

Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos (CPTM) (English: São Paulo Metropolitan Trains Company) is a rapid transit and commuter rail company owned by the São Paulo State Department for Metropolitan Transports. It was created in May 28, 1992 from several railroads that already existed in Greater São Paulo, Brazil.

Part of the Greater São Paulo rail network, CPTM has 94 stations in seven lines, with a total length of 273.0 kilometres (169.6 mi). The system carries about 2.8 million passengers a day. In June 8, 2018, CPTM set a weekday ridership record with 3,096,035 trips.[1]

History[edit]

Most of railways now run by CPTM were built between 1860 and 1957 by the São Paulo Railway (lines 7 and 10), Estrada de Ferro Sorocabana (lines 8 and 9) and Estrada de Ferro Central do Brasil (lines 11 and 12). These railways were eventually incorporated into the state-owned Rede Ferroviária Federal (RFFSA) in 1957 and Ferrovia Paulista S.A. (FEPASA) 1971. Finally, in 1992 the urban sections of RFFSA and FEPASA merged, forming CPTM.

Between the end of the 1990s and the early 2000s, CPTM began the conversion of some metropolitan lines to provide a service similar to rapid transit and better integrate with the São Paulo Metro. Most of the stations where either rebuilt or modernized and new trains were purchased allowing the headway of lines to be as low as four minutes in some lines. This experience started in Line E in the year 2000, in the stretch known as "East Express", serving the east end of São Paulo City and running parallel to Line 3 - Red.

In 2018 CPTM opened Line 13, its first line completely built and operated by CPTM. This line connects Line 12 to the São Paulo–Guarulhos International Airport

Operation[edit]

CPTM operates seven lines in the Greater São Paulo area, identified by number and color. Most of these lines run on existing surface tracks that continue out of Greater São Paulo as MRS Logística intercity freight lines and share right of way with freight trains. The more lightly used outer sections of several lines have level crossings.

Service starts every day at 4 AM, when trains depart from each terminus, until the last train leaves at midnight. On Saturdays operation is extended until 1 AM.

The company charges a flat fare that can be paid either by magnetic ticket sold in the stations or with a rechargeable smartcard, and grants access to any of the rail lines on the Greater São Paulo, including lines operated by the São Paulo Metro.

Lines[edit]

Line Color Terminus Length Stations Daily Ridership
Line 7 Ruby Luz ↔ Jundiaí 60.5 kilometres (37.6 mi) 18 386.000
Line 8 Diamond Júlio Prestes ↔ Amador Bueno 41.7 kilometres (25.9 mi) 22 414.000
Line 9 Emerald Osasco ↔ Grajaú 31.8 kilometres (19.8 mi) 18 266.000
Line 10 Turquoise Brás ↔ Rio Grande da Serra 34.9 kilometres (21.7 mi) 13 330.000
Line 11 Coral Luz ↔ Estudantes 50.8 kilometres (31.6 mi) 16 526.000
Line 12 Sapphire Brás ↔ Calmon Viana 38.8 kilometres (24.1 mi) 13 199.000
Line 13 Jade Engenheiro Goulart ↔ Aeroporto–Guarulhos 12.2 kilometres (7.6 mi) 3 19.000

Expansion[edit]

Line Color Terminals Length Stations Status
Line 9 Emerald Grajaú ↔ Varginha 4.36 kilometres (2.71 mi) 3 under construction
Line 10 - Expresso ABC Turquoise Luz ↔ Mauá 25.2 kilometres (15.7 mi) 6 in study

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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