Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos ( CPTM) (English: São Paulo Metropolitan Train Company) is a commuter rail company owned by the São Paulo State Secretariat for Metropolitan Transports. It was created in 1992 from several railroads that already existed in Greater São Paulo, Brazil.
Part of the
Greater São Paulo rail network, CPTM has 92 stations in six lines, with a total length of 258.4 kilometres (160.6 mi). It is one of the busiest rail networks in the world, carrying over 2 million passengers a day.
History [ edit ]
The railways now run by CPTM were built between 1860 and 1957 by the
São Paulo Railway (lines 7 and 10), Estrada de Ferro Sorocabana (lines 8 and 9), Companhia São Paulo e Rio de Janeiro (line 11) and Estrada de Ferro Central do Brasil (line 12).
These railways were eventually incorporated into the state-owned
Rede Ferroviária Federal (RFFSA) in 1957 and Ferrovias Paulistas S.A. (FEPASA) 1971. Finally, in 1992 the urban sections of RFFSA and FEPASA merged, forming CPTM.
Operation [ edit ]
CPTM operates six lines in the
Greater São Paulo area, identified by number and color. Most of these lines run on surface tracks and share right of way with freight trains.
Service starts every day at 4 AM, when trains depart from each terminus, until the last train leaves at midnight. On Saturdays operation is extended until 1 AM.
The company charges a flat fare that can be paid either by magnetic ticket sold in the stations or with a rechargeable smartcard, and grants access to any of the rail lines on the Greater São Paulo.
Ruby Luz ↔ Jundiaí
60.5 kilometres (37.6 mi)
Diamond Júlio Prestes ↔ Amador Bueno
41.7 kilometres (25.9 mi)
Emerald Osasco ↔ Grajaú
31.8 kilometres (19.8 mi)
Turquoise Brás ↔ Rio Grande da Serra
34.9 kilometres (21.7 mi)
Coral Luz ↔ Estudantes
50.8 kilometres (31.6 mi)
Sapphire Brás ↔ Calmon Viana
38.8 kilometres (24.1 mi)
Expansion [ edit ]
Emerald Grajaú ↔ Varginha
4.36 kilometres (2.71 mi)
Jade [1 ] Engenheiro Goulart ↔ Guarulhos International Airport
11 kilometres (6.8 mi)
Line 10 - Expresso ABC
Turquoise Luz ↔ Mauá
25.2 kilometres (15.7 mi)
Gallery [ edit ]
Train in the Comendador Ermelino station
Internal view of CPTM train
A new series 7000 train at Eng. Goulart station
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos
Stations and lines in
italics are under construction or planning.