Papua New Guinea honours system
The Papua New Guinea honours system is the main system of honouring citizens of Papua New Guinea for their services to the country; it consists of three Orders and several medals. After independence, Papua New Guinea used the Imperial honours system, however, in recognition of the nation's 30th anniversary, a new awards system was adopted. The official announcement of its creation was made by Prime Minister Sir Michael Somare on 12 November 2004 and the first investitures were performed by the Princess Royal in early October 2005. The old honours system is still in use as well, however, and the Queen issues a Papua New Guinean List as part of every Birthday and New Year Honours List.
Order of Valour
This Order consists of one level, the Cross of Valour (CV) awarded for only the most selfless acts of bravery in times of extreme personal danger. This bears resemblance to its counterparts in the Canadian and Australian honours systems. Prior to this award, citizens of Papua New Guinea would have received the George Cross for their actions.
Since Papua New Guinea still recognises the British Honours System it is possible that citizens will still receive the GC, however this is considered unlikely as the Cross of Valour performs the same function. For acts of valour in the face of the enemy during wartime, citizens of PNG are still entitled to the Victoria Cross.
In ranking order, the Cross of Valour precedes Grand Companion of the Logohu.
Order of Logohu
The Order of Logohu is the principal order of the Order of Papua New Guinea. Logohu is a Motuan word for the bird-of-paradise, the official national symbol of Papua New Guinea since its independence. The Order consists of three classes and a medal.
Grand Companion of the Order of Logohu
The highest class, Grand Companion of the Order of Logohu may be awarded to citizens of Papua New Guinea and others for service, achievement, and merit in the highest degree, sustained over a period of twenty years. The class may be awarded to no more than 50 living citizens. Recipients are titled as Chief except for the Chancellor of the Order who is titled Grand Chief. One additional living Papua New Guinean may also be titled Grand Chief.
Officer of Logohu
Officer of Logohu (OL) is awarded for distinguished service to Papua New Guinea, or to a local community, sustained over a period of at least ten years.
Member of Logohu
Member of Logohu (ML) is awarded for commendable service to a particular area of endeavour, to Papua New Guinea, or to a local community, sustained over a period of at least seven years.
National Logohu Medal
The National Logohu Medal (LM) is awarded for exemplary service in a profession, career, or industry group, or to the general community, over a period of at least five years.
Order of the Star of Melanesia
This Order also consists of one level, the Companion of the Star of Melanesia (CSM). It is awarded for distinguished service of a high degree to Papua New Guinea and Melanesia, sustained over a period of fifteen years.
In ranking order, Companion of the Star of Melanesia follows Grand Companion of the Logohu.
People who have been awarded the honour include:
- Vice Admiral Sir Timothy Laurence CSM KCVO CB - Husband of the Princess Royal
- Sir Rabbie Namaliu GCL CSM KCMG
- Sir Brian Bell CSM KBE CStJ
- HRH The Duchess of Cornwall GCVO CSM - wife of HRH The Prince of Wales
Order of precedence
- Cross of Valour (CV)
- Grand Companion of Logohu (GCL)
- Companion of the Star of Melanesia (CSM)
- Officer of Logohu (OL)
- Member of Logohu (ML)
- National Logohu Medal (LM)
- Cross of Medical Service Medal (CMS)
- Distinguished Military Service Medal (DMS)
- Distinguished Police Service Medal (DPS)
- Distinguished Correctional Service Medal (DCS)
- Meritorious Emergency Service Medal (MES)
- Meritorious Public Service Medal (MPS)
- Meritorious Community Service Medal (MCS)
- Commendation for Valuable Service Medal (CVS)
- "Farewell, princess". Post-Courier Online. 30 September 2005. Archived from the original on 13 February 2006. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- "IMPERIAL HONOURS SYSTEM TO STAY". Official Website of the Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea. 22 December 2004. Archived from the original on 18 March 2008. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- "The Order of PNG". Governor General of Papua New Guinea. Archived from the original on 29 December 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2015.