Comparison of 3D computer graphics software

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3D computer graphics software refers to programs used to create 3D computer-generated imagery.

General information[edit]

Current software[edit]

This table compares elements of notable software that is currently available, based on the raw software without the inclusion of additional plugins.

Application Latest release date
and version
Developed by Platforms Mainly Used For License
3ds Max 2020-08-27
v 2021.2
Autodesk Microsoft Windows Modeling, Animation (Video Games and Movies), FX Simulations, Lighting, Rendering Proprietary
AC3D 2020-11-01
v 8.6
Inivis Linux, Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows Modeling Proprietary
Alibre Design 2018-07-16
v 2018
Alibre, LLC Microsoft Windows Computer Aided Design Proprietary
AutoCAD 2020-03-28
v 2021
Autodesk Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows 2D Computer Aided Design, 3D Modeling, Basic Rendering, Rudimentary Animation (of Camera, not objects) Proprietary
Blender 2022-01-28
v 3.0.1
Blender Foundation Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, BSD, Solaris, AmigaOS 4, MorphOS 2D/3D toon Animation, Lighting, Modeling, Node based Material Creation / Texturing / 3D Texture Painting/ UV Mapping, Rendering (Internal, External, 3D Anaglyph and VR), 3D Rigging and Animation, Sculpting, Visual 3D Effects, Basic Post-Production Video Editing, Motion Tracking, Python Scripting, Fluid Simulation, Particles, Physics, Compositing GPL-2.0-or-later[1]
Carrara 2013-08-26
8.5.1.19
Daz 3D Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X Animation, Modeling Proprietary
Cheetah 3D 2019-08-24
v 7.4
Martin Wengenmayer Mac OS X Animation, Modeling, Rendering Proprietary
Cinema 4D 2020-09-11
R23
Maxon Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows, Amiga OS[2] Animation, Lighting, Modeling, Visual 3D Effects, Rendering, Simulation Proprietary
CityEngine 2018-09-18
v 2018.1
Esri Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows, Linux Procedural Modeling of 3D Cities Proprietary
Clara.io redesigned in 2015-03-31 Exocortex Mozilla FireFox, Google Chrome, Microsoft Internet Explorer Modeling, Animation, Rendering Proprietary
Cobalt 2020-02-04
v11
Ashlar-Vellum Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows Modeling, Computer Aided Design, Animation Proprietary
DesignSpark Mechanical 2020-07-13
v5.0
SpaceClaim, RS Components Microsoft Windows Modeling, Computer Aided Design, Rapid Prototyping, 3D Printing Proprietary
Electric Image Animation System 2013-06
v9.1.0
EIAS3D Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows Animation, Lighting, Rendering, Film, Television, Visual 3D Effects Proprietary
FreeCAD 2021-02-26
v 0.18.6
Jürgen Riegel, Werner Mayer, Yorik van Havre Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows, unix, Linux CAD,FEA with Calculix, Python Scripting, parametric design, Robot Simulation, CAM, BIM, Import and Export LGPL-2.0-or-later
form-Z pro/jr/free 2020-02-?
9.0.2
Autodessys, Inc. Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows Animation, Modeling, Lighting, Render, Fabrication, Set Design Proprietary
Hexagon 2018-02-16
2.5.2.109
Daz 3D Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X Subdivision Modeling, UV Mapping Proprietary
HiCAD 2017-02-13
v HiCAD 2017
ISD Software und Systeme Microsoft Windows 2D/3D Modeling, Computer Aided Design, Automatic drawing generation, BIM, Animation, HELiOS PDM integration, API scripting Proprietary
Houdini 2020-10-13
v 18.5.361
Side Effects Software Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Linux Animation, Lighting, Modeling, Visual 3D Effects Proprietary
iClone 2019-12-17
v 7.71.3626.1
Reallusion Microsoft Windows Animation, Film and Television Previz, Videogame Asset Creation, Lighting, Visual 3D Effects Proprietary
Inventor 2021-01
v 2021.2.1
Autodesk Microsoft Windows Modeling, Computer Aided Design, Rapid Prototyping, 3D Printing Proprietary
LightWave 3D 2020-08-07
v 2020.0.2
NewTek Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows, Amiga OS[3] Modeling, Animation, Lighting, Rendering, Film and Television Previz, Videogame Asset Creation Proprietary
MASSIVE ?
v 3.5
Massive Software Microsoft Windows, Linux Artificial Intelligence in Models Proprietary
Maya 2020-10-06

v 2020.3

Autodesk Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Linux Modeling, NURBS Modeling Sculpting, Rigging, Skinning, Retargeting, Animation, Lighting, Rendering, Bifrost Fluids, Python Scripting, Bifrost Ocean Simulation System, UV Mapping, MASH procedural effects, Time and Graph Editor, Arnold renderer, Color management Polygon modeling, Visual 3D Effects Proprietary
Metasequoia 2021-01-26
4.7.6
tetraface Inc. Microsoft Windows, macOS Modeling Proprietary
MODO 2020-10-21
14.1v2
The Foundry Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows, Linux Modeling, Animation, Rendering Proprietary
Mudbox 2018-03-14
2018.2
Autodesk Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows, Linux Lighting, Sculpting (the deformation of the model) Proprietary
OpenSCAD 2021-01-31
v 2021.01
Marius Kintel, Claire Wolf Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows, Unix, Linux CAD, Scripting, parametric design, CSG GPL-2.0-or-later
POV-Ray 2013-11-09
v3.7.0
The POV-Team Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows, Linux, AmigaOS Lighting, Visual 3D effects AGPL-3.0-or-later
PTC Creo (formerly Pro/Engineer) 2020
v 7.0
Parametric Technology Corporation Microsoft Windows, HP-UX, Unix Modeling, Computer Aided Design Proprietary
Remo 3D 2021-09-19
v 2.10.1
Remograph Microsoft Windows, Linux Modeling, Virtual Reality, Real-time modeling, Video Game Creation, Computer Aided Design Proprietary
Rhinoceros 3D 2020-12-08
v 7
McNeel Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X Modeling, Computer Aided Design, scripting with grasshopper, many Plug in for Simulation, CAM, BIM, Rendering, and more Proprietary
Salome 2020-12-01
v 9.6
Open Cascade EDF CEA Microsoft Windows, Unix, Linux CAD, Scripting, parametric design, CSG, Meshing, Pre-Post for CAE LGPL-2.1-or-later
Shade 3D 2020-12-17
v 21.1
FORUM 8 [ja] Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows Modeling, Computer Aided Design, Rendering, Animation Proprietary
Silo 2021-09-23
v 2021.3
Nevercenter Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows Modeling Proprietary
SketchUp Pro 2021-01-05 [4]
v 21.0.1 (Win64)

v 16.1.1450 (Win32)
v 20.0 (Mac64)

Trimble Navigation Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows Modeling, Computer Aided Design Proprietary
Solid Edge 2020-06-?
2021 ST13
Siemens Digital Industries Software Microsoft Windows Computer Aided Design Proprietary
SolidWorks 2021-02-01
v SolidWorks 2021 SP2.0
Dassault Systèmes Microsoft Windows Computer Aided Design Proprietary
SpaceClaim 2020-08-08
v 2020.R2
Ansys Microsoft Windows Computer Aided Design Proprietary
E-on Vue 2017
v 2016 R5
E-on Software (part of Bentley Systems) Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows Animation, Landscape Modeling, Lighting Proprietary
Verto Studio 3D 2019-05-06
v2.4.0
Michael L. Farrell Mac OS X, iOS Mobile Modeling, Texture Mapping, Lighting Proprietary
Wings 3D 2020-12-20
v 2.2.6
Dan Gudmundsson (maintainer) Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows, BSD, Linux Modeling, Sculpting (the deformation of the model), UV mapping BSD
ZBrush 2020-12-20
v 2021.5.1
Pixologic Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows Modeling, Texturing, Lighting, Sculpting (the deformation of the model), Rendering Proprietary

Inactive software[edit]

There are many discontinued software applications.

Application Latest release date
and version
Developed by Platforms Mainly Used For License
Bryce 2010-12-23
7.1.0.109
Daz 3D Microsoft Windows (32-bit), Mac OS X (10.7 and above) Animation, Landscape Modeling, Fractal Geometry Proprietary
Sculptris 2011-07-22
v Alpha 6
Pixologic Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows Sculpting, Texturing Proprietary
Softimage 2014-04-14
"2015" (Final Release)
Autodesk Microsoft Windows, Linux Modeling, Animation, Video Game Creation, Lighting, Rendering, Visual 3d Effects Proprietary
SketchUp Make 2017-11-14 [4]
v 18.0.16975 (Win64)
v 18.0.16976 (Mac64)
Trimble Navigation Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows Modeling, Computer Aided Design Proprietary
solidThinking Evolve (predecessor of Altair Inspire Studio) ?-?
v 9.0
Altair Engineering Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows Modeling Proprietary
trueSpace 2009-05-25
v 7.61
Caligari Corporation Microsoft Windows, AmigaOS Animation, Modeling Proprietary

Operating system support[edit]

The operating systems on which the editors can run natively (without emulation or compatibility layers), meaning which operating systems have which editors specifically coded for them (not, for example, Wings 3D for Windows running on Linux with Wine).

Name Windows macOS Linux Unix BSD Other
3ds Max Yes No No No No No
AC3D Yes Yes Yes No No No
Art of Illusion Java virtual machine
AutoCAD Yes Yes No No No No
Blender Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Solaris, AmigaOS 4, MorphOS
Carrara Yes Yes No No No No
Cheetah 3D No Yes No No No No
Cinema 4D Yes Yes No No No Amiga OS
Clara.io Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Chrome OS, Android
DesignSpark Mechanical Yes No No No No No
Electric Image Animation System Yes Yes No No No No
form-Z Yes Yes No No No No
HiCAD Yes No No No No No
Houdini Yes Yes Yes No No No
IClone Yes No No No No No
LightWave 3D Yes Yes No No No AmigaOS
MakeHuman Yes Yes Yes No No No
Massive Yes No Yes No No No
Maya Yes Yes Yes No No No
Metasequoia Yes Yes No No No No
Modo Yes Yes Yes No No No
POV-Ray Yes Yes Yes No No Amiga OS, Atari TOS
Remo 3D Yes No Yes No No No
Shade Yes Yes No No No No
Silo Yes Yes Yes No No No
SketchUp Make Yes Yes No No No No
SketchUp Pro Yes Yes No No No No
Softimage Yes No Yes No No No
Solid Edge Yes No No No No No
solidWorks Yes No No No No No
solidThinking Yes Yes No No No No
SpaceClaim Yes No No No No No
trueSpace Yes No No No No Amiga OS
Verto Studio 3D No Yes No No No iOS
E-on Vue Yes Yes No No No No
Wings 3D Yes Yes Yes No No No
ZBrush Yes Yes No No No No

Features[edit]

Modeling 3D Painting Animation Rendering 3D Tracking Compositing
3ds Max Yes Yes Yes Yes No Some
AC3D Yes ? ? No No No
Blender Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Electric Image Animation System dropped[5] ? Yes Yes No ?
Cinema 4D Yes Yes Yes Yes R16 or later No
Clara.io Yes ? Yes Yes No ?
Cobalt Yes ? Yes Yes No ?
HiCAD Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Houdini Yes No Yes Yes No Yes
IClone Yes ? Yes Yes ? ?
Lightwave 3D Yes No Yes Yes No Yes
MakeHuman parameter-based No No No No No
Maya Yes Yes Yes Yes dropped (Maya Live) dropped (Maya Composer, Maya Fusion, and Maya Composite)
Metasequoia Yes No No Yes No No
Modo Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Remo 3D Yes No Yes Yes No No
Shade Yes No Yes Yes No No
Softimage Yes 3.7 or later Yes Yes No Yes
Solid Edge Yes ? Yes Yes No ?
SketchUp Make Yes[6][7] ? Yes[6] Yes[6] No No
SketchUp Pro Yes[6][7] ? Yes[6] Yes[6] No No
Wings3D Yes ? No Yes No ?

I/O[edit]

Image, video, and audio files[edit]

Imports Exports
EXR DDS KTX others EXR DDS KTX others
3ds Max Yes Yes ? BMP, Cineon, TGA, JPG, PNG, Cineon, Radiance HDR, SGI, RLA, RPF, AVI, MPEG and QuickTime, GIF, TIFF, PSD, MOV, YUV ? ? ? ?
Art of Illusion No No No GIF, JPG, PNG, BMP, HDR, SVG[8] ? ? ? JPG, PNG, BMP, TIFF, HDR, QuickTime
AC3D ? Yes ? GIF, JPG, PNG, BMP, PPM, Targa, TIFF ? Yes ? GIF, JPG, PNG, BMP, PPM, Targa, TIFF
Blender Yes Yes ? TGA, JPG, PNG, DPX, Cineon, Radiance HDR, Iris, SGI Movie, IFF, AVI and QuickTime, GIF, TIFF, PSD, MOV Yes ? ? TGA, JPG, PNG, DPX, Cineon, Radiance HDR, Iris, SGI Movie, IFF, AVI and QuickTime, GIF, TIFF, PSD, MOV
Electric Image Animation System ? ? ? TGA, JPG, PNG, BMP, Radiance HDR, AVI and QuickTime, TIFF, PSD, MOV ? ? ? PNG, BMP, AVI and QuickTime GIF, TIFF, MOV
Cinema 4D Yes Yes ? Radiance HDR, BodyPaint 3D, TIFF, PSD Yes Yes ? Radiance HDR, BodyPaint 3D, TIFF, PSD
Clara.io Yes[9] Yes[9] ? PNG, JPG ? ? ? ?
Cobalt ? ? ? BMP, GIF, JPEG, PICT, PNG, PPM, XBM, XPM ? ? ? BMP, GIF, JPEG, PICT, PNG, PPM, XBM, XPM
Houdini Yes ? ? ? Yes ? ? ?
IClone ? ? ? JPG, BMP, GIF, TGA, PNG, AVI, WMV, MP3, WAV, popVideo ? ? ? JPG, BMP, GIF, TGA, PNG, WMV, AVI, MP4, popVideo, FLV, iWidget
Lightwave 3D Yes ? ? TGA, JPG, PNG, AI, EPS, BMP, IFF, Radiance HDR, AVI and QuickTime, GIF, TIFF, PSD, MOV Yes ? ? TGA, JPG, PNG, BMP, Radiance HDR, IFF, AVI and QuickTime, GIF, TIFF, PSD, MOV
MakeHuman ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Maya Yes ? ? Ai, Aiff, Pix, AVI, Cineon, EPS, GIF, Jpeg, Swf, Maya IFF, Maya16 IFF, MacPaint, PSD, PNG, Quantel, Quickdraw, MOV, RLA, SVG, SGI, SGI16, SGI Movie, TGA, TIF, BMP, HDR Yes Yes ? Maya IFF, AVI, QT, GIF, Softimage, RLA, BMP, TIF, SGI RGB, Alias PIX, Jpeg, EPS, Cineon, Quantel, TGA, Macpaint, PSD, PNG, Quickdraw
Metasequoia EX version only Yes No BMP, JPG, PNG, IFF, TGA, PPM, TIFF, PSD, Radiance HDR ? ? ? ?
Modo Yes ? ? TGA, BMP, FLX, GIF, HDR, HDR, JP2, JPG, JPEG, PNG, SGI, EPS, AI, PSD Yes ? ? TGA, BMP, FLX, GIF, HDR, JP2, JPG, JPEG, PNG, TIF, MOV, MWV, PSD
Remo 3D ? Yes ? BMP, GIF, JPG, PNG, PNM, SGI (RGB), TGA, TIF ? ? ? JPG, PNG, SGI (RGB), TIF, XPM
Shade Yes (DDS Converter plugin) ? ? Yes (DDS Converter plugin) ? QuickTime VR, Piranesi EPix
Softimage ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Solid Edge ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
SketchUp Make ? ? ? JPG, PNG, TIF, TGA, BMP ? ? ? JPG, PNG, TIF, BMP
SketchUp Pro ? ? ? JPG, PNG, TIF, TGA, BMP ? ? ? JPG, PNG, TIF, BMP, MOV(on Mac), AVI (on Windows)[10]
E-on Vue ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Wings3D ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

general 3D files[edit]

Imports Exports
FBX other 3D files Web, mobile, and VR files[io 1] FBX other 3D files glTF other web, mobile, and VR files[io 1]
3ds Max Yes 3DS, PRJ, AI, COLLADA, HTR, OBJ, SHP, SKP, TRC VRML Yes 3DS, AI, ASE, COLLADA, HTR, OBJ ? M3G, VRML97
AC3D[11][12] Yes 3DS, AC3D, COLLADA, Lightwave, Massive, Milkshape Ascii, OBJ, OFF, Pointfield, Points, Terragen, Triangle, Vector VRML 1.0, glTF ? 3DS, 3D Studio ASE, AC3D, Dive, DVS, DXF, COLLADA, Lightwave, Massive, Milkshape Ascii, OBJ, Triangle ? VRML 1.0, VRML 2.0, X3D
Blender[13] Yes COLLADA, 3DS, PLY, OBJ, SVG X3D, glTF Yes COLLADA, PLY, OBJ, SVG, PC2 Yes X3D
Electric Image Animation System Yes 3DS, OBJ, LWO, MDD ? 3DS, OBJ, LWO No
Cinema 4D Yes OBJ, 3DS, QD3D, LWO/LWS VRML 1, VRML 2 Yes OBJ, 3DS, QD3D, W3D Yes VRML 1, VRML 2
Clara.io Yes OBJ, Collada, 3DS, LWO, GEO, PLY, SHP, XGL, ZGL, AC, BLEND, CSM, LWS VRML, Three.js Yes OBJ, Collada Yes Three.js, Babylon.js
Cobalt ? 3DS, AI, ASCII Text VRML ? AI, ASCII Text, RAW Triangle ? Shockwave 3D, VRML
Houdini Yes ? Yes ? Yes
IClone Yes OBJ, SKP (via 3DXChange) Yes OBJ (via 3DXChange) ?
Lightwave 3D Yes 3DS, COLLADA, OBJ, LWO, VideoScape VRML, VRML97 Yes 3DS, COLLADA, OBJ, LWO ? VRML, VRML97
MakeHuman No N/A Yes COLLADA, MHX, OBJ, STL ?
Maya Yes Maya Ascii, Maya Binary, MEL, OBJ VRML2 Yes Maya Ascii, Maya Binary, Mel, OBJ, GE2, RTG ? VRML2
Metasequoia[14][15] EX version only 3DS, COB,[io 2] LWO, OBJ, ROK (Rokkaku Daiō), SUF (DoGA CGA System) glTF EX version only 3DS, PMD, OBJ, COLLADA[io 3] Yes [io 4]
Modo Yes LXO, LWO2, LWOB, 3DS, GEO, OBJ, COLLADA Yes LXO, LWO, PLT, GEO, OBJ, COLLADA Yes X3D
Remo 3D Yes 3DC, 3DS, AC, Collada, LWO, LWS, OBJ, P3D, PLY, STA, SHP OSG[io 5] Yes 3DS, AC, Collada, DOT, OBJ, P3D ? OSG[io 5]
Shade Yes OBJ, SketchUp, XML; (Pro) 3DS, COLLADA, LWO Yes COLLADA, DXF, OBJ, XML; (Pro) 3DS, LWO glTF Converter for Shade3D plugin VRML 2.0, Flash (SWF)
Softimage Yes ? Yes ? No
Solid Edge ? ? ? PDF
SketchUp Make ? SKP, 3DS[10] ? COLLADA, SKP ?
SketchUp Pro ? SKP, 3DS[10] Yes COLLADA, SKP, EPS, EPX (removed v16+), 3DS, OBJ ? PDF, VRML
E-on Vue ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Wings3D ? 3DS, AI, EPS, LWO, LXO, Nendo, OBJ, SVG, Wings3D dropped in 1.3.1 3DS, COLLADA, LWO, LXO, Nendo, OBJ, SVG, Wings3D ? VRML 2.0

Game and renderer files[edit]

Imports Exports
OpenFlight (FLT) other 3D game files 3D renderer files OpenFlight (FLT) OGRE other 3D game files 3D renderer files
3ds Max Yes Yes No
AC3D[11][12] No Quake III BSP, Quake II (MD2), Quake III Mesh (MD3), Irrlicht irrmesh, Renderware, SMF No Yes DirectX X, Second Life Sculpted Prim, Quake II (MD2), Quake Map, SMF, Unreal Tournament POV-Ray POV, RenderMan RIB
Blender dropped dropped (blender2ogre addon) POV-Ray POV
Electric Image Animation System ? ? ?
Cinema 4D ? ? ?
Clara.io ? DirectX X, Irrlicht irrmesh POV-Ray POV ? ? Quake II (MD2), Quake III Mesh (MD3), Doom 3 (MD5)
Cobalt ? ? ?
Houdini ? ? ?
IClone ? ? ?
Lightwave 3D ? Quake II (MD2) ? ? Quake II (MD2)
MakeHuman No ? Yes Doom 3 (MD5)
Maya Yes Yes No Mental Ray MI, RenderMan RIB
Metasequoia No [io 6] No No DirectX X[io 6] RenderMan RIB[io 7]
Modo ? ? ?
Remo 3D ? DirectX X, Quake II (MD2) ?
Shade ? ? ? DirectX X, Second Life Sculpted Prim, Blue Mars RenderMan RIB
Softimage ? ? ?
Solid Edge ? ? ?
SketchUp Make ? ? ?
SketchUp Pro ? ? ? dotXSI
E-on Vue ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Wings3D ? ? ? BZFlag, DirectX X, Renderware Kerkythea, POV-Ray POV

Cache and animation files[edit]

Imports Exports
Geometry Cache Point Cache Particle Cache Animation
Alembic (*.abc) Maya Cache (*.mc) [io 8] 3ds Max PC2 [io 8] LightWave MDD Maya Particle Data (*.pda / *.pdb) Houdini BGEO RealFlow BIN Krakatoa PRT Biovision Hierarchy (*.bvh) Alembic (*.abc) others
3ds Max Yes Yes Yes ? ? ? ? ? ? Yes
AC3D ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Blender Yes No Mesh Cache Modifier[16] ? ? ? ? Yes Yes BVH
Electric Image Animation System ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Cinema 4D Yes ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Yes
Clara.io ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Yes ? BVH
Cobalt ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Houdini Yes via FBX importer ? ? Yes ? ? ? Yes
IClone ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Yes ? BVH
Lightwave 3D Yes ? ? Yes Partio Node [17] No[17] ? ? ? Yes
MakeHuman ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Maya Yes Yes ? ? Yes ? ? ? ? Yes
Metasequoia ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Modo Yes ? ? MDD Deformer ? ? ? ? ? Yes
Remo 3D ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Shade ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? BVH
Softimage (Exocortex Crate) ? ? Point Oven ? ? ? ? ? (Exocortex Crate)
Solid Edge ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
SketchUp Make ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
SketchUp Pro ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
E-on Vue ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Wings3D ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

CAD files[edit]

Imports Exports
STL DXF DWG others STL DXF DWG others
3ds Max Yes Yes Yes IGE, IGS, IGES, IPT, WIRE, IAM, LS, VW, LP, SAT, Catia V4/V5, JT, ProE, RVT, PRT, SolidWorks,[io 9] STEP, WIRE Yes Yes Yes ATR, BLK, DF, IGS, LAY, LP, SAT, VW
AC3D Yes Yes No LDraw (Lego), SOF Airfoil Yes Yes No Inventor, LDraw (Lego)
Blender Yes Yes[io 10] No Yes Yes[io 10] No
Electric Image Animation System ? Yes ? ? Yes ?
Cinema 4D Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Clara.io Yes Yes ? Yes ? ?
Cobalt ? Yes Yes ACIS SAT, CATIA v4, CCAD, CGM, CO (native), Drawing board, Facet, Grid Surface, IGS (IGES), Parasolid XT, Pro/E, Rhino 3DM, Spline, STP (STEP) ? Yes Yes ACIS SAT, CATIA v4, CGM, CO (native), Drawing board, Facet, Grid Surface, IGS (IGES),Parasolid XT, PDF, Pro/E, STP (STEP)
Houdini External[18] No External[18] No
IClone ? ? ? ? ? ?
Lightwave 3D Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Maya Windows and Mac only[19] Windows only[19] IGES, StudioTools Wire Windows and Mac only[20] Windows only[20] IGES, StudioTools Wire, Open Inventor2
Metasequoia Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Modo Yes Yes No SolidWorks[io 9] Yes Yes No
Remo 3D Yes Yes No DW (Designer Workshop) Yes No No
Shade Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Solid Edge Yes Yes Yes IGES, STEP, JT, ACIS (SAT), ProE, SolidWorks,[io 9] NX, SDRC, Microstation, Inventor, CATIA (V4/V5), Parasolid, XML, MDS Yes Yes Yes IGES, STEP, EMS, JT, XGL, XML, Parasolid, CATIA (V4/V5), ACIS (SAT), Microstation
SketchUp Make ? ? ? ? ? ?
SketchUp Pro Yes Yes[10] Yes[10] Yes Yes[10] Yes[10]
E-on Vue ? ? ? ? ? ?
Wings3D Yes ? ? Yes ? ?

Point clouds and photogrammetry files[edit]

Imports
ASTM E57 LASer (LAS) Leica Cyclone PTS/PTX/PTG Autodesk ReCap RCS/RCP VisualSFM NVM
3ds Max ? ? ? Yes ?
Blender ? (Blender LiDAR Importer addon / Blender-Photogrammetry-Importer addon) ? ? (Blender-Photogrammetry-Importer addon)
Houdini Lidar Import geometry node ? ? ?

GIS and DEM files[edit]

Imports Exports
USGS DEM USGS SDTS (DDF) LandXML GeoTIFF Shapefile OSM others
3ds Max Yes[21] Yes[21] Yes[21] ? ? ?
AC3D ? ? ? ? ? ?
Blender ? ? ? (Blender GIS addon) ?
Bryce Yes Yes ? ? ? ? VistaPro DEM USDS DEM
Electric Image Animation System ? ? ? ? ? ?
Cinema 4D Yes ? ? ? ? ? VistaPro DEM
Clara.io ? ? ? ? ? ?
Cobalt ? ? ? ? ? ?
Houdini ? ? ? ? ? Yes[io 11][22]
IClone ? ? ? ? ? ?
Lightwave 3D (Ground Control plugin) ? ? ? ? ?
MakeHuman ? ? ? ? ? ?
Maya ? ? ? ? ? ?
Metasequoia ? ? ? ? ? ?
Modo ? ? ? ? ? ?
Remo 3D ? ? ? ? ? ?
Shade ? ? ? ? ? ?
Solid Edge ? ? ? ? ? ?
SketchUp Make Yes[10] Yes[10] ? ? ? ? SKP+KMZ SKP+KMZ[10]
SketchUp Pro Yes[10] Yes[10] ? ? ? ? SKP+KMZ SKP+KMZ
E-on Vue Yes[23] Yes[23] ? Yes[23] ? ? DTED[23]
Wings3D ? ? ? ? ? ?
  1. ^ a b VRML, Java 3D, Adobe Flash, Shockwave 3D, Acrobat 3D, OpenSceneGraph, USDZ, WebGL-related formats, etc...
  2. ^ Caligari TrueSpace 3D Object format
  3. ^ Metasequoia 4.0.0 dropped its RDS (Ray Dream Studio), and SCE (SoftF/X Model) exporters and 4.7.0 dropped its COB (Caligari TrueSpace 3D Object), DoGA CGA System SUF, and AMF exporters.
  4. ^ Metasequoia 4.7.0 dropped the VRML 1.0 (WRL), and Three.js JMF exporters.
  5. ^ a b OSG, OSGB, OSGT, OSGX, IVE and OSGA
  6. ^ a b Metasequoia 4.0.0 dropped its PlayStation RSD importer and exporter.
  7. ^ Metasequoia 4.7.0 dropped its POV-Ray POV exporter.
  8. ^ a b Maya Cache and 3ds Max PC2 format are also used with FBX format.
  9. ^ a b c SLDPRT and SLDASM
  10. ^ a b via AutoCAD DXF addon
  11. ^ via Game Development Toolset

Supported primitives[edit]

Application Polygon Spline/Bézier Surface Voxel / Volume Metaball Point Clouds Particles
tris quads N-gon donut NURBS regular patch NURBS trimmed surface Bicubic Bézier patch
Blender Yes Yes Yes No[24] Yes soc-2014-nurbs branch No 2.83 and later Yes 3.1 and later Yes
Maya Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No 3D Texture Yes No Yes
3ds Max Yes Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Patch Objects No Yes Yes Yes
Cinema 4D Yes Yes Yes ? ? ? ? R20 and later Yes ? Yes
LightWave Yes Yes Yes Yes (LWCAD plugin) No OpenVDB primitives[25] Yes No Yes
Shade 3D Yes Yes Yes ? CAD mode Yes No Yes No Yes
Application Curves Bone Text Camera Light Speaker
Linear Quadratic Bézier Cubic Bézier B-spline Cardinal spline Hermite spline TCB spline Smooth-step Akima spline NURBS
Blender Bézier curve without subdivision No Yes No No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Maya Yes ? ? ? ? ? No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
3ds Max Yes ? Yes Yes No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Cinema 4D Yes No Yes Yes No ? No No Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes dropped in R23[26]
LightWave ? ? ? Yes ? only in Graph Editor only in Graph Editor ? No ? Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Shade 3D ? ? Yes ? No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Sound Object

Modeling[edit]

Application Hard surface Modeling Sculpt Modeling Non-destructive Modeling
Polygon Modeling Subdivision Modeling Base-mesh Creation Sketch Modeling Sculpting Cloth Sculpting Hand Retopology Automatic Retopology Boolean Bevel Modifier Procedural
Maya Yes Yes (SOuP BMesh) No Yes No Yes 2020 and later Yes Yes ? Yes
3ds Max Yes Yes (Form) No Paint Deform No Yes 2021.3 and later Yes Yes Yes Max Creation Graph
Blender Yes Yes Skin Modifier Trim Brush with Union/Join mode Yes 2.83 and later Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Geometry Nodes
ZBrush ZModeler ZModeler ZSphere and ZSketch MeshBalloon Yes 2021 and later Yes ZRemesher 4R8 and later ? No No
Curvy 3D No No No Yes Yes No ? ? ? ? No No

Lookdev / Shader writing[edit]

Application PBR viewport Viewport effects Interactive GI Rendering Integrated Compositing Text editor for shader writing Material Nodes Turntable Rendering
Maya Yes Some Arnold No ? Hypershade, Node Editor, ShaderFX Yes[27]
3ds Max Yes Some Arnold (State Set) OSL Map[28] Slate Material Editor, ShaderFX Easy Turntable script
MODO Yes ? Yes No ? Nodal Shading Render Turntable[29]
Blender Eevee (2.80 and later) Cycles Yes Text Editor Yes Turnaround Camera addon
Gaffer No No external renderers Yes OSLCode Node No No
Marmoset Toolbag Yes Yes No No ? Uber PBR shaders only Yes[30]
Substance Designer Yes YEBIS NVIDIA Iray ? ? MDL graph ?

Lighting[edit]

Application Alembic
Importer
USD
Importer
Rendering
Engine
Volume
Rendering
for clouds
Interactive
Rendering
Isolating
light contribution
Light
Lister
IES
Light
Physical Sun & Sky Sun Positioning
by location and times
Light Portal Shadow Catcher IBL and Environment texture Highlight Placement Light Mixer
Lat Long sIBL Light Extraction[31]
Maya Yes USD Extension for Maya Maya Hardware 2.0 ? Yes No[32] Light Editor ? ? ? ? ? Yes ? ? (Place Highlight Tool for Maya) No
Maya Software ? ? Light Linking No ? ? ? ? Env Sphere ? ? No
Arnold Yes Yes Light Linking Ai Photometric Light Yes ? Yes Yes Yes ? ? Light Mixer imager
3ds Max Yes (USD for Autodesk 3ds Max) Quicksilver ? Yes No[33] Light Lister ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Place Highlight No
Scanline ? ? Light Exclude/Include ? ? ? ? Yes ? sIBL-GUI software ? No
ART ? ? ? Yes ? ? ? ? ? ? ? No
Arnold Yes Yes Light Group[34] Ai Photometric Light Yes Sun Positioner[35] Yes Yes Yes ? ? Light Mixer imager
Blender 2.78 and later 3.0 and later Workbench Some Yes View Layers[36] Property Chart Addon / Gaffer addon No ? Sun Position addon No ? Yes ? ? Look At Gizmo (with Ctrl key) No
EEVEE Some Yes No Yes No Shader Node[37] Yes ? ? No
Cycles Yes Yes Light Groups (3.2 and later) 2.80 and later[38] Yes from 2.75 from 2.79 Yes sIBL_GUI for Blender addon/
Add Environment nodes addon
? No
MODO Yes 14.1 and later MODO Renderer / mPath Yes Yes Light Linking[39] ? Photometric Light Directional Light[40] Portal Shadow Catcher Yes mm_sIBLToModoEnvironment script ? ? No
LightWave 11.6 and later No LightWave Renderer Yes Yes ? ? Photometric Light Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes original loader script, where most sIBL features were invented[41] ? ? No
Houdini Yes Solaris Mantra (PT) / Karma Yes Yes Light categories Light bank Yes ? ? ? Shadow Matte Yes ? ? Solaris ?
Cinema 4D Yes R23 and later CineRender Yes Yes Exclude/Include ? Yes ? ? ? from R18 Yes ? ? ? ?

Path-tracing Rendering[edit]

Application CPU rendering GPU rendering
OpenCL NVIDIA CUDA / OptiX AMD HIP SYCL / Intel DPC++ Apple Metal Texture Streaming (Out-of-Core)
V-Ray Yes V-Ray GPU (formerly V-Ray RT) No No No Yes[42]
RenderMan Yes No 24 and later[43] No No No ?
Arnold Yes No Yes No No No Yes
Redshift No No Yes Redshift for AMD (alpha version) No Yes ?
Modo mPath Yes No Yes No No No ?
Houdini Karma Yes No 19 and later No No No No
Blender Cycles Yes dropped in 3.0 Yes 3.0 and later 3.3 and later 3.1 and later 2.80 and later[44]
Application MIPMAP
generation
Adaptive Tessellation Instancing Camera Culling Deep Pixel Rendering Fisheye Stereo
for Fulldome
Omnidirectional stereo
for HMD
Deforming Motion Blur
V-Ray img2tiledexr ? Yes ? Yes Domemaster Stereo Shader 3.2 and later Yes
RenderMan txmake ? Yes ? Yes ? Yes[45] Yes
Arnold maketx Yes[46] Yes ? Yes Domemaster Stereo Shader 5 and later Yes
Houdini Karma icp ? Yes[47] ? Yes[47] ? 15.5 and later Yes
Blender Cycles No 2.78 and later Yes Camera Cull No 2.78 and later 2.78 and later Yes

Level of Detail (LoD) Generation/Baking[edit]

Application LoD Generation Texture Baking
Automatic Normal Map Ambient Occlusion (AO) Map Light Map
Tangent Space Normal Map Non-directional
(Traditional)
Directional
Maya (Turtle renderer) "Generate LOD Meshes" Yes Yes Yes RNM (Radiosity Normal Map), and SH (Spherical harmonics) coefficients
Enlighten No No ? Yes Yes
Blender AssetGen addon Yes Yes Yes No

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ License - blender.org
  2. ^ Cinema 4D
  3. ^ LightWave 3D
  4. ^ a b "Release Notes | SketchUp Knowledge Base". help.sketchup.com. Retrieved 2018-05-28.
  5. ^ EIAS3D releases EIAS 9 CG Channel November 6, 2012
  6. ^ a b c d e f "SketchUp Features". Archived from the original on 2017-09-21. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  7. ^ a b SketchUp User Guide: Creating a 3D Model
  8. ^ 7. Textures
  9. ^ a b Clara.io: 65,000 Users, New Features and Premium Subscriptions. Exocortex. August 11, 2014
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Using SketchUp Data with Other Modeling Programs or Tools | SketchUp Knowledge Base". help.sketchup.com. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  11. ^ a b AC3D Features Summary
  12. ^ a b AC3D 8.3
  13. ^ "Importing & Exporting Files". Blender. Blender Foundation. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  14. ^ Compare editions. tetraface
  15. ^ バージョンアップ履歴 (in Japanese). tetraface
  16. ^ Mesh Cache Modifier. Blender Foundation
  17. ^ a b Partio Node. NewTek
  18. ^ a b Geometry file formats. Side Effects
  19. ^ a b Supported data import formats. Autodesk.
  20. ^ a b Supported data export formats. Autodesk.
  21. ^ a b c Importing LandXML/DEM Models. Autodesk
  22. ^ Game Development Toolset. Side Effects
  23. ^ a b c d E-on ships Vue Infinite 2015 and Vue xStream 2015. CG Channel. July 2, 2015.
  24. ^ "Blender For Dummies 3rd edition", p.87, Jason van Gumster, April 27, 2015, ISBN 978-1119039532
  25. ^ Primitive Type - OpenVDB. NewTek
  26. ^ R23 - Removed features (Virtual Walkthrough, ProRender, Sound System) MAXON
  27. ^ Create a turntable animation Autodesk
  28. ^ 3ds Max integrates OSL: GDC Day 1, fxguide, March 21, 2018
  29. ^ Render Commands, Foundry
  30. ^ Getting Started with Toolbag 2, Marmoset LLC, December 1, 2015
  31. ^ Auto HDRI Light Gen for Maya Creates Practical Lighting Setups from HDR Images, Lesterbanks, April 30, 2013
  32. ^ Viewport 2.0 limitations Autodesk
  33. ^ Kelly L. Murdock's Autodesk 3ds Max 2016 Complete Reference Guide, P.685, Kelly Murdock, 2015
  34. ^ Light Groups Solid Angle
  35. ^ Sun Positioner and Physical Sky Autodesk
  36. ^ The composition of the passes is required.
  37. ^ Blender 2.8 Eevee Tutorial Shadow Catcher. BlenderNation. June 3, 2019
  38. ^ Bf-blender-cvs - 48155c210a3 - master: Cycles: Add Support for IES files as textures for light strength, Blender Foundation, May 27, 2018
  39. ^ Shader The Foundry
  40. ^ Directional Light The Foundry
  41. ^ "Software". www.hdrlabs.com. Retrieved 2019-08-08.
  42. ^ Advancements in V-Ray RT GPU, p.15
  43. ^ Pixar RenderMan LookDev and XPU. fxguide. September 14, 2021.
  44. ^ Bf-blender-cvs - c621832d3d3 - master: Cycles: CUDA support for rendering scenes that don't fit on GPU., Blender Foundation, January 3, 2018
  45. ^ Features Archived 2016-12-24 at the Wayback Machine, Pixar
  46. ^ Subdivision Settings, Solid Angle
  47. ^ a b Karma Renderer FAQs