Comparison of machine translation applications

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A machine translation application is a program that attempts to translate text or speech from one natural language to another. Machine translation applications have become relevant to the modern language industry. Please see the individual products' articles for further information.

General information[edit]

Basic general information for popular Machine translation applications.

Name Platform License Price Latest stable release Source availability Notes
Apertium Cross-platform

(Web application), Unix compatible
Precompiled packages available for Debian

GPL No Fee Required 3.4.2 Yes Rule-based, shallow transfer; all programs and language data are free and open source
Anusaaraka Unix compatible GPL No Fee Required 0.50 Yes Rule-based, deep parser based, paninian framework based; all programs and language data are free and open-source
IBM Cross-platform
SaaS Free, Commercial (varies by plan) 3.0 No Both rule-based and statistical models developed by IBM Research.

Neural Machine Translation models available through the Watson Language Translator API for developers.[1][2]

OpenLogos Windows, Linux GPL or Paid

initiative taker

No Fee Required 1.0.3 Yes Rule-based, deep transfer
Moses Cross-platform LGPL No Fee Required 3.0[3] Yes Drop-in replacement for Pharaoh, features factored translation models and decoding of confusion networks.
Moses for Mere Mortals Ubuntu Linux GPL No Fee Required 2014-11-16 Yes Free open source; based on Moses; translation memories integration.
NiuTrans Cross-platform GPL No fee required 1.1.0 Yes Competitive performance for Chinese translation tasks; statistical machine translation. Supports phrase-based, hierarchical phrase-based, and syntax-based (string-to-tree, tree-to-string, and tree-to-tree) models for research purposes.
Google Translate Cross-platform
(Web application)
SaaS No fee required Beta No Statistical and neural machine translation
Bing Translator Cross-platform
(Web application)
SaaS No fee required Final No Microsoft's linguistically informed statistical MT system
Yandex.Translate Cross-platform
(Web application)
SaaS No fee required No Statistical and neural machine translation
SYSTRAN Cross-platform
(Web application)
Proprietary software $200 (desktop) – $15,000 and up (enterprise server) Version 7 No Hybrid rules-based and SMT
GramTrans Cross-platform
(Web application)
Freeware No Fee Required ? No Rule-based, using constraint grammar
Promt Cross-platform
(Web application)
Proprietary software Commercial 12.5 No Hybrid, rules-based, SMT and neural[4]
Babylon Windows, Mac Proprietary software Depends on license ($9.90–$89 for one license) 10.3 No Prompts to install the Babylon Toolbar, a browser hijacker which is difficult to remove.[5][6]
IdiomaX Windows, Symbian S60, Windows Mobile Proprietary software Depends on configuration 6.0 No Rule-based

Languages features comparison[edit]

The following table compares the number of languages which the following machine translation programs can translate between. (Moses allows you to train translation models for any language pair, though collections of translated texts (parallel corpus) need to be provided.)

This is not an all-encompassing list. Some applications have many more language pairs than those listed below. This is a general comparison of key languages only. A full and accurate list of language pairs supported by each product should be found on each of the products websites.

Language IBM Watson Apertium OpenLogos Google Translate Moses for Mere Mortals Babel Fish Bing Translator GramTrans SYSTRAN IdiomaX
To English Arabic to English Yes No No Yes No No Yes No Yes No
Catalan to English No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Chinese (Simplified) to English Yes No No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No
Chinese (Traditional) to English Yes No No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No
Czech to English Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
Danish to English Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No
Dutch to English Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Esperanto to English No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No No
Estonian to English Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
Finnish to English Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
French to English Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Galician to English No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No No
German to English Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Greek to English Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Haitian Creole to English No No No Yes No No Yes No No No
Hebrew to English Yes No No Yes No No Yes No No No
Hindi to English Yes No No Yes No No Yes No Yes No
Hungarian to English Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
Indonesian to English No No No Yes No No Yes No No No
Irish to English No No No Yes Yes No No No No No
Italian to English Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Japanese to English Yes No No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No
Korean to English Yes No No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No
Latvian to English No No No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
Lithuanian to English No No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No No
Macedonian to English No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No No
Malay to English No No No Yes No No Yes No No No
Maltese to English No No No Yes Yes No No No No No
Norwegian to English Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No
Persian to English Yes No No Yes No No Yes No Yes No
Polish to English Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
Portuguese to English No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Portuguese (Brazilian) to English Yes No No No No No No No No No
Romanian to English Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
Russian to English Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Serbo-Croatian to English No No No Yes Yes No No No No No
Slovak to English Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
Slovene to English Yes No No Yes Yes No No No Yes No
Spanish to English Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Swedish to English Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No
Tagalog to English No No No Yes No No No No No No
Thai to English No No No Yes No No Yes No No No
Turkish to English Yes No No Yes No No Yes No Yes No
Ukrainian to English No No No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
Welsh to English No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Language IBM Watson Apertium OpenLogos Google Translate Moses for Mere Mortals Babel Fish Bing Translator GramTrans SYSTRAN IdiomaX
Chinese (Simplified) English to Chinese (Simplified) Yes No No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No
German to Chinese (Simplified) No No No Yes No No No No No No
To Chinese (Traditional) English to Chinese (Traditional) Yes No No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No
German to Chinese (Traditional) No No No Yes No No No No No No
To Dutch English to Dutch Yes No ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
French to Dutch No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
To French English to French Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
German to French Yes No ? Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Spanish to French Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Catalan to French No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Russian to French No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Dutch to French No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Italian to French No ? ? Yes Yes ? Yes ? Yes Yes
Breton to French No Yes No No Yes No No No No No
To Galician English to Galician No Yes ? Yes Yes No No No No No
Portuguese to Galician No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No No
Spanish to Galician No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No No
To German Chinese (Simplified) to German No No No No No No No No No No
Chinese (Traditional) to German No No No No No No No No No No
English to German Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
French to German Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Spanish to German No No No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
Russian to German No No No Yes No Yes Yes No No No
Italian to German Yes ? ? Yes Yes ? Yes ? Yes Yes
To Italian English to Italian Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Spanish to Italian No No ? Yes Yes ? Yes ? Yes Yes
French to Italian No No ? Yes Yes ? Yes ? Yes Yes
German to Italian Yes No ? Yes Yes ? Yes ? Yes Yes
To Japanese English to Japanese Yes No No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No
German to Japanese No No No Yes No No Yes No No No
To Korean English to Korean Yes No No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No
To Portuguese English to Portuguese Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
To Russian English to Russian Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
French to Russian No No No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Spanish to Russian No No No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
German to Russian No No No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Italian to Russian No No No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
To Spanish English to Spanish Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Russian to Spanish No No No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
French to Spanish Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
German to Spanish No No ? Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
Italian to Spanish No ? ? Yes Yes ? Yes ? No Yes
To Welsh English to Welsh No No No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Language IBM Watson Apertium OpenLogos Google Translate Moses for Mere Mortals Babel Fish Bing Translator GramTrans SYSTRAN IdiomaX
To Arabic English to Arabic Yes No No Yes No No Yes No Yes No
To Catalan English to Catalan No Yes ? Yes Yes No Yes No No No
French to Catalan No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Italian to Catalan No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Occitan to Catalan No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No No
Spanish to Catalan Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
To Czech English to Czech Yes No ? Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
German to Czech No No No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
To Danish English to Danish Yes No ? Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No
To Esperanto Catalan to Esperanto No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No No
Danish to Esperanto No No No Yes Yes No No Yes No No
English to Esperanto No Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes No No
French to Esperanto No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No No
Spanish to Esperanto No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No No
To Finnish English to Finnish Yes No ? Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
To Greek English to Greek Yes No ? Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
To Haitian Creole English to Haitian Creole No No No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
To Hebrew English to Hebrew Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
To Hindi English to Hindi Yes No No Yes No No Yes No No No
To Hungarian English to Hungarian Yes No ? Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
To Norwegian Bokmål English to Norwegian Bokmål Yes No ? Yes Yes No No Yes No No
Norwegian Nynorsk to Norwegian Bokmål No Yes No No Yes No No No No No
To Norwegian Nynorsk Norwegian Bokmål to Norwegian Nynorsk No Yes No No Yes No No No No No
To Occitan Catalan to Occitan No Yes No No Yes No No No No No
Spanish to Occitan No Yes No No Yes No No No No No
To Persian English to Persian No No No Yes No No Yes No No No
To Polish English to Polish Yes No ? Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
German to Polish No No No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
To Romanian English to Romanian Yes No ? Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
To Serbo-Croatian English to Serbo-Croatian No No ? Yes Yes No No Yes No No
To Slovenian English to Slovenian Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No No
German to Slovenian No No No Yes Yes No No No No No
To Swedish English to Swedish Yes No ? Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
To Turkish English to Turkish Yes No No Yes No No Yes No Yes No
To Ukrainian English to Ukrainian No No ? Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
Total (confirmed) 60 27 9 110 31 89 10 15 65 59

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Watson Language Translator". www.ibm.com. 2016-11-28. Archived from the original on 2017-11-08. Retrieved 2017-11-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  2. ^ language-translator-nodejs: Sample Node.js Application for the IBM Language Translation Service, Watson Developer Cloud, 2017-11-08, retrieved 2017-11-08
  3. ^ http://www.statmt.org/moses/?n=Moses.Releases
  4. ^ http://blog.translate.ru/2019/04/nejronnye-seti-oflajn-perevodchiki-i-konkurenciya-nikita-shablykov-o-texnologiyax-mashinnogo-perevoda/
  5. ^ Remove FBI & Babylon Zombie Virus PCPitstop.com, author Steve Hogan, October 11, 2012
  6. ^ How To Uninstall The Babylon Toolbar Completely Martin Brinkmann, ghacks.net, August 17, 2011