Comparison of Office Open XML and OpenDocument

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This is a comparison of the Office Open XML document file format with the OpenDocument file format.


File format Office Open XML OpenDocument
Based on a format
developed by
Microsoft StarDivision / Sun Microsystems
Predecessor file format Microsoft Office XML formats XML
Standardized by Ecma International, ISO/IEC OASIS, ISO/IEC
First public release date 2006 2005
First stable version Ecma International Standard ECMA-376 Office Open XML File Formats 1st edition OASIS OpenDocument Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.0
Latest stable version ISO/IEC IS 29500-1:2012—Office Open XML File Formats[1] OASIS Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.2
Latest ISO/IEC standardised version ISO/IEC IS 29500-1:2012—Office Open XML File Formats[1] ISO/IEC IS 26300:2006—Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.0
Language type Markup language (XML) Markup language (XML)
XML schema representation XML Schema (W3C) (XSD) and RELAX NG (ISO/IEC 19757-2) RELAX NG (ISO/IEC 19757-2)
Expression of extensibility rules NVDL (ISO/IEC 19757-4)
Compression format ZIP ZIP
Container structure Open Packaging Convention (ISO/IEC 29500-2:2012)[2] ODF Package[3]
Metadata format Dublin Core (ISO 15836) subset of Dublin Core and “urn:oasis:names:tc:opendocument:xmlns:meta” elements
Drawing language DrawingML, VML “urn:oasis:names:tc:opendocument:xmlns:drawing” elements and “urn:oasis:names:tc:opendocument:xmlns:svg-compatible” elements
Mathematical notation language Office MathML (OMML) MathML[4][5]
Change-tracking supported[6] supported[7]
Conditional formatting in spreadsheets supported[8] supported[9]
Spreadsheet formula language part of the standard[citation needed] based on OpenFormula
Macro language application-defined application-defined
Digital signatures part of the standard[citation needed] supported
Thumbnails JPEG (ISO/IEC 10918) PNG (ISO/IEC 15948)
Interchange of digital font information Open Font Format (ISO/IEC 14496-22)
PANOSE font specifications part of the standard[10]
Filename extensions docx, docm, xlsx, xlsm, pptx, pptm odt, ods, odp, odg, odf
Internet media types

application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation application/


Application support Office Open XML software OpenDocument software
Standard licensing
  • ISO/IEC copyrighted free download[11]
  • Ecma copyrighted free download / copying allowed
  • ISO/IEC copyrighted free download[11]
  • OASIS copyrighted free download / copying allowed
Additional technology patent licensing
  • Sun Microsystems intellectual property covenant
  • IBM Interoperability Specifications Pledge[14]
Implementations covered by patent license Patent license covers conforming implementations[12] Patent license covers fully compliant implementations[14]
Implemented Microsoft Office 2013 (and later)[15][16][17][18] and LibreOffice (for Microsoft Office 2007 Office Open XML) Many including LibreOffice,, KOffice, AbiWord, Lotus Notes and Microsoft Office (since 2007 SP2)
File format Office Open XML OpenDocument

See also[edit]


External links[edit]