Comparison of Office Open XML and OpenDocument

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This is a comparison of the Office Open XML document file format with the OpenDocument file format.

Comparison[edit]

File format Office Open XML OpenDocument
Based on a format
developed by
Microsoft StarDivision / Sun Microsystems
Predecessor file format Microsoft Office XML formats OpenOffice.org XML
Standardized by Ecma International, ISO/IEC OASIS, ISO/IEC
First public release date 2006 2005
First stable version Ecma International Standard ECMA-376 Office Open XML File Formats 1st edition OASIS OpenDocument Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.0
Latest stable version ISO/IEC IS 29500-1:2012—Office Open XML File Formats[1] OASIS Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.2
Latest ISO/IEC standardised version ISO/IEC IS 29500-1:2012—Office Open XML File Formats[1] ISO/IEC IS 26300:2006—Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.0
Language type Markup language (XML) Markup language (XML)
XML schema representation XML Schema (W3C) (XSD) and RELAX NG (ISO/IEC 19757-2) RELAX NG (ISO/IEC 19757-2)
Expression of extensibility rules NVDL (ISO/IEC 19757-4)
Compression format ZIP ZIP
Container structure Open Packaging Convention (ISO/IEC 29500-2:2012)[2] ODF Package[3]
Metadata format Dublin Core (ISO 15836) subset of Dublin Core and “urn:oasis:names:tc:opendocument:xmlns:meta” elements
Drawing language DrawingML, VML “urn:oasis:names:tc:opendocument:xmlns:drawing” elements and “urn:oasis:names:tc:opendocument:xmlns:svg-compatible” elements
Mathematical notation language Office MathML (OMML) MathML[4][5]
Change-tracking supported[6] supported[7]
Conditional formatting in spreadsheets supported[8] supported[9]
Spreadsheet formula language part of the standard[citation needed] based on OpenFormula
Macro language application-defined application-defined
Digital signatures part of the standard[citation needed] supported
Thumbnails JPEG (ISO/IEC 10918) PNG (ISO/IEC 15948)
Interchange of digital font information Open Font Format (ISO/IEC 14496-22)
PANOSE font specifications part of the standard[10]
Filename extensions docx, docm, xlsx, xlsm, pptx, pptm odt, ods, odp, odg, odf
Internet media types

application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document
application/vnd.ms-word.document.macroEnabled.12
application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet
application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.macroEnabled.12
application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12

application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text
application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.spreadsheet
application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.presentation
application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.graphics
application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.formula

Application support Office Open XML software OpenDocument software
Standard licensing
  • ISO/IEC copyrighted free download[11]
  • Ecma copyrighted free download / copying allowed
  • ISO/IEC copyrighted free download[11]
  • OASIS copyrighted free download / copying allowed
Additional technology patent licensing
  • Sun Microsystems intellectual property covenant
  • IBM Interoperability Specifications Pledge[14]
Implementations covered by patent license Patent license covers conforming implementations[12] Patent license covers fully compliant implementations[14]
Implemented Microsoft Office 2013 (and later)[15][16][17][18] and LibreOffice (for Microsoft Office 2007 Office Open XML) Many including LibreOffice, OpenOffice.org, KOffice, AbiWord, Lotus Notes and Microsoft Office (since 2007 SP2)
File format Office Open XML OpenDocument

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]