Comparison of Office Open XML and OpenDocument

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This is a comparison of the Office Open XML document file format with the OpenDocument file format.


File format Office Open XML OpenDocument
Based on a format
developed by
Microsoft StarDivision / Sun Microsystems
Predecessor file format Microsoft Office XML formats XML
Standardized by Ecma International, ISO/IEC OASIS, ISO/IEC
First public release date 2006 2005
First stable version Ecma International Standard ECMA-376 Office Open XML File Formats 1st edition OASIS OpenDocument Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.0
Latest stable version ISO/IEC IS 29500-1:2012—Office Open XML File Formats[1] OASIS Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.3
Latest ISO/IEC standardised version ISO/IEC IS 29500-1:2012—Office Open XML File Formats[1] ISO/IEC IS 26300:2006—Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.0
Language type Markup language (XML) Markup language (XML)
XML schema representation XML Schema (W3C) (XSD) and RELAX NG (ISO/IEC 19757-2) RELAX NG (ISO/IEC 19757-2)
Expression of extensibility rules NVDL (ISO/IEC 19757-4)
Compression format ZIP ZIP
Container structure Open Packaging Conventions (ISO/IEC 29500-2:2012)[2] ODF Package[3]
Metadata format Dublin Core (ISO 15836) subset of Dublin Core and “urn:oasis:names:tc:opendocument:xmlns:meta” elements
Drawing language DrawingML, VML “urn:oasis:names:tc:opendocument:xmlns:drawing” elements and “urn:oasis:names:tc:opendocument:xmlns:svg-compatible” elements
Mathematical notation language Office MathML (OMML) MathML[4][5]
Change-tracking supported[6] supported[7]
Conditional formatting in spreadsheets supported[8] supported[9]
Spreadsheet formula language part of the standard[citation needed] based on OpenFormula
Macro language application-defined application-defined
Digital signatures part of the standard[citation needed] supported
Thumbnails JPEG (ISO/IEC 10918) PNG (ISO/IEC 15948)
Interchange of digital font information Open Font Format (ISO/IEC 14496-22)
PANOSE font specifications part of the standard[10]
Filename extensions docx, docm, xlsx, xlsm, pptx, pptm odt, ods, odp, odg, odf
Internet media types

application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation application/


Application support Office Open XML software OpenDocument software
Standard licensing
  • ISO/IEC copyrighted free download[11]
  • Ecma copyrighted free download / copying allowed
  • ISO/IEC copyrighted free download[11]
  • OASIS copyrighted free download / copying allowed
Additional technology patent licensing
  • Sun Microsystems intellectual property covenant
  • IBM Interoperability Specifications Pledge[14]
Implementations covered by patent license Patent license covers conforming implementations[12] Patent license covers fully compliant implementations[14]
Implemented Microsoft Office 2013 (and later)[15][16][17][18] Collabora Office, Collabora Online,[19] LibreOffice (for Microsoft Office 2007 Office Open XML) and SoftMaker Office Many including Collabora Office, Collabora Online,[20] LibreOffice,, KOffice, AbiWord, Lotus Notes and Microsoft Office (since 2007 SP2)
File format Office Open XML OpenDocument

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Iso/Iec 29500-1:2012".
  2. ^ "Iso/Iec 29500-2:2012".
  3. ^ "Erwin's StarOffice Tango". Archived from the original on 2008-01-17. Retrieved 2009-05-14.
  4. ^ "ODFValidator - Apache OpenOffice Wiki".
  5. ^ "A Demo: Mathematica, MathML and ODF". 20 August 2006.
  6. ^ "Doug Mahugh".
  7. ^ Jean Weber. " Writer for Microsoft Word users". Retrieved 2022-11-18.
  8. ^ "Doug Mahugh".
  9. ^ "Conditional Formatting in OpenOffice Calc Spreadsheets".
  10. ^ W3C Panose document standard proposal
  11. ^ a b Freely Available ISO Standards
  12. ^ a b "Microsoft Open Specification Promise". Microsoft. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
  13. ^ "Ecma Office Open XML File Formats overview". Archived from the original on 2006-11-17. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
  14. ^ a b Interoperability Specifications Pledge
  15. ^ "Microsoft's format "heading for failure"". Ars Technica. 2010-04-02. Retrieved 2010-04-23.
  16. ^ "Microsoft Expands List of Formats Supported in Microsoft Office". 2008-05-21. Retrieved 2009-05-19.
  17. ^ Lai, Eric (2008-05-27). "FAQ: Office 14 and Microsoft's support for ODF". Archived from the original on 2008-12-24. Retrieved 2009-05-19.
  18. ^ Andy Updegrove (21 May 2008). "Microsoft Office 2007 to Support ODF - and not OOXML". Retrieved 2009-05-19.
  19. ^ Bärwaldt, Eric (2020-09-01). "Working Together Tools for collaborative office work". Linux Magazine (238/2020). For cross-platform use, the suite not only supports the Open Document Format (ODF) but also all newer Microsoft formats, which makes interaction with other office suites easier.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  20. ^ Bärwaldt, Eric (2020). "Collaborative online office solutions". Admin Network & Security. 60/2020. The software also supports PDF across all modules. If required, users can also convert text files to the ePub format for displaying appear on ebook readers or with desktop software for reading ePub files.

External links[edit]