Comparison of source code hosting facilities

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A source code repository is a file archive and web hosting facility where a large amount of source code, for software or for web pages, is kept, either publicly or privately. They are often used by open-source software projects and other multi-developer projects to handle various versions. They help developers submit patches of code in an organized fashion. Often these web sites support version control, bug tracking, release management, mailing lists, and wiki-based documentation.

People who write software retain their copyright when their software is posted to any code hosting facilities, including the "non-gnu" section of GNU Savannah—with the exception of contributors to FSF-copyrighted programs at GNU Savannah.[1][2][3]

Overview[edit]

General information[edit]

Name Manager Established Server side: all free software Client side: all-free JS code Developed and/or used CDE Require free software on registration Ad-free Notes
Alioth Debian Project 2003 Yes Yes FusionForge Unknown Yes Preference for Debian-related projects
Assembla Assembla, Inc 2005 No Unknown Unknown No Yes
Betavine Vodafone 2007 No Unknown Unknown No No
Bitbucket Atlassian 2008 No No Unknown No Yes Blocked in Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, Syria. They terminate accounts without any warning!
CloudForge CollabNet 2000 No Unknown Unknown No Yes
CodePlex Microsoft 2006-05 No Unknown Unknown No Yes Project must be OSS licensed
GitHub GitHub, Inc 2008-04 No No Unknown No Yes List of government takedown requests[4]
GitLab GitLab B.V. 2011-09[5] Yes Yes[6] GitLab Community Edition (CE) — free software
GitLab Enterprise Edition (EE) — proprietary
No Yes
Gna! Unknown 2004-01 Yes Yes Savane Yes Yes Only for free software projects. Code access review[7]
GNU Savannah Savannah Administration 2001-01 Yes Yes Savane Yes Yes Project by the Free Software Foundation and projects with a GPL compatible license. Code access review[8]
Kallithea SFC 2014[9] Yes Yes Unknown Unknown Yes
Launchpad Canonical 2004 Yes No Launchpad No Yes Supports Bazaar for version-controlled repository hosting. Git support is in beta.[10]
OSDN OSDN K.K. 2002-04 Unknown Yes Unknown No No For open-source projects only.[11]
Ourproject.org Comunes Collective 2002 Yes No Unknown No Yes For free software, free culture and free content projects.
OW2 Consortium OW2 Consortium Unknown Unknown No Unknown No Yes Oriented on middleware technology.
SEUL Unknown 1997-05 Unknown No Unknown No Yes
SourceForge BizX LLC 1999-11 Yes[12][13] Yes Apache Allura No No For open-source projects only.[14]
Blocked in Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, Syria[15]
Tigris.org (community) 2000 Unknown No Unknown No No Restricted to collaborative software development tools. Tigris.org is no longer accepting new project proposals.
Team Foundation Server Microsoft 2012-2005[16] Unknown No Unknown No Yes
Visual Studio Team Services Microsoft 2012[17] Yes No Since IDE Visual Studio 2012 and even Community Edition 2015 fully integrated with Team Services. Also Team Services has Web Interface (CDE). No Yes Most of functions and features are absolute free for teams, which consists no more than 5 members [18]
Name Manager Established Server side: all free software Client side: all-free JS code Developed and/or used CDE Require free software on registration Ad-free Notes

Features[edit]

Name Code review Bug tracking Web hosting Wiki Translation system Shell server Mailing List Forum Personal branch Private branch Announce Build system Team Release Binaries Self-hosting
Alioth No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Unknown Yes
Assembla Yes[19] Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes[20] Yes Yes Yes Unknown No
Bitbucket Yes[21] Yes[n 1] Yes[22] Yes No No No No Yes Yes[n 2] No No Yes Yes Commercially (Stash)[n 3]
CloudForge Unknown Yes Yes Yes No No No No Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown No
CodePlex No Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No No Yes No
GitHub Yes[23] Yes[24][n 4] Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes[n 5] Yes 3rd-party (e.g. Travis CI, Appveyor and others)[25] Yes Yes Commercially (GitHub Enterprise)
GitLab Yes[26] Yes Yes[27] Yes No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes[28] Yes No Yes[n 6]
GNU Savannah Yes[29] Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No[30] No No Yes No Yes Unknown Yes
java.net/Project Kenai Unknown Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Unknown No
Kallithea Yes No Yes No No Unknown No No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes
Launchpad Yes Yes No No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes[n 7] Yes Yes[n 8] Yes Unknown Yes
OSDN Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes No
Ourproject.org Unknown Yes Yes Yes No Unknown Yes Yes Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes
SourceForge Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
tigris.org No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Unknown No longer for new projects[n 9] No
Team Foundation Server Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Visual Studio Team Services Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Name Code review Bug tracking Web hosting Wiki Translation system Shell server Mailing List Forum Personal branch Private branch Announce Build system Team Release Binaries Self-hosting

Available version control systems[edit]

Name CVS Git Mercurial SVN Bazaar TFS Arch Perforce Fossil
Alioth Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No
Assembla No Yes No Yes No No No Yes No
Betavine Yes No No Yes No No No Unknown Unknown
Bitbucket No Yes Yes No No No No No No
CloudForge No Yes No Yes No No No No No
CodePlex No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
GitHub No Yes No Partial[31] No No No No No
GitLab No Yes No No No No No No No
Gna! Yes No No Yes No No Yes No No
GNU Savannah Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[32] No Yes No No
java.net No Yes[33] Yes[33] Yes[33] No No No No No
Kallithea No Yes Yes No No No No No No
Launchpad Import only Yes[10][34] Import only[35] Import only Yes No No No Unknown
OSDN Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Unknown Unknown
Ourproject.org Yes No No Yes No No No Unknown Unknown
OW2 Consortium Yes No No Yes No No No Unknown Unknown
SEUL.org Yes No No Yes No No No Unknown Unknown
SourceForge Yes Yes Yes Yes No longer for new projects[36] No No Unknown Yes
Tigris.org Yes No No Yes No No No Unknown Unknown
Name CVS Git Mercurial SVN Bazaar TFS Arch Perforce Fossil

Popularity[edit]

Name Users Projects Alexa rank (lower = more popular)
Alioth 22,731[37] 1,106[37] N/A (subdomain not tracked)
Assembla Unknown 526,581+[38] 12,547 as of 22 June 2016[39]
Bitbucket Unknown Unknown 834 as of 22 June 2016[40]
CodePlex Unknown 107,712[41] 2,689 as of 22 June 2016[42]
GitHub 15,000,000[43] 38,000,000[43][n 10] 53 as of 19 August 2016[44]
GitLab 20,000[45] 546,000[46][n 11] 4,465 as of 22 June 2016[47]
Gna! 8,710 1,450 147,570 as of 22 June 2016[48]
GNU Savannah 70,102[49] 3,743[49] 51,074 as of 22 June 2016[50]
Google Code Unknown[n 12] 250,000+[51] N/A (subdomain not tracked)
Launchpad 2,946,697[52] 37,567[53] 4,985 as of 22 June 2016[54]
OSDN 50,871[55] 5,952[55] 5,114 as of 22 June 2016[56]
Ourproject.org Unknown[n 12] 1,411[57] N/A (subdomain not tracked)
SourceForge 3,700,000[58] 430,000[58] 320 as of 22 June 2016[59]
Tigris.org Unknown Unknown 96,848 as of 22 June 2016[60]
Name Users Projects Alexa rank (lower = more popular)

Specialized hosting facilities[edit]

The following are open-source software hosting facilities that only serve a specific narrowly focused community or technology.

Name Ad-free CVS Git SVN Arch Notes
Drupal Yes No Yes No No Only for Drupal related projects.
freedesktop.org Yes No Yes No No Only for interoperability and shared base technology for free software desktop environments on Linux and other Unix-like operating systems, including the X Window System (X11) and cairo (graphics).
mozdev.org Yes Yes Unknown No No Only for Mozilla-related projects.
Name Ad-free CVS Git SVN Arch Notes

Former hosting facilities[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Anyone can submit Bug Reports without logging in.
  2. ^ private branch limited to 5 users on free plan, see Pricing and plans — bitbucket.org
  3. ^ Self hosted version is known as Stash and only supports Git repositories
  4. ^ Requires one to log in to report a Bug.
  5. ^ private branches are only available with paid plans, not with the free plan, see Plans and Pricing GitHub
  6. ^ Has an open source Community Edition and commercial Enterprise Edition
  7. ^ Currently only available for security vulnerability updates
  8. ^ Ubuntu
  9. ^ "Open Source Software Engineering". Tigris.org. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  10. ^ GitHub is not fundamentally organized by projects, so the count is somewhat difficult. This figure is likely to be far higher at the present.
  11. ^ GitLab is not fundamentally organized by projects, so the count is somewhat difficult.
  12. ^ a b Data not available.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions about the GNU Licenses - GNU Project - Free Software Foundation". Gnu.org. 18 October 2014. Retrieved 2015-04-01. 
  2. ^ "terms of use". Sourceforge. PLEASE NOTE THAT YOU RETAIN OWNERSHIP OF ANY COPYRIGHTS, ... IN ANY CONTENT YOU SUBMIT. 
  3. ^ "Github terms of service". Github. We claim no intellectual property rights over the material you provide to the Service. 
  4. ^ "gov-takedowns". GitHub. Retrieved 2016-06-12. 
  5. ^ "About". GitLab.com. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Gerwitz, Mike (2015-05-20). "GitLab, Gitorious, and Free Software". GitLab.com. GitLab. Retrieved 2016-03-19. 
  7. ^ Step 1: Services and Requirements [Gna!]. Gna.org. Retrieved on 2015-04-01.
  8. ^ Hosting requirements [Savannah]. Savannah.gnu.org. Retrieved on 2015-04-01.
  9. ^ "Software Freedom Conservancy Introduces Kallithea". 
  10. ^ a b "Launchpad Blog". Blog.launchpad.net. 2015-05-01. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  11. ^ "About OSDN". OSDN. Retrieved 2015-06-17. 
  12. ^ "About Allura". SourceForge. Retrieved 2013-08-25. 
  13. ^ "The Next SourceForge". SourceForge. Retrieved 2013-08-25. 
  14. ^ "About (SourceForge)". SourceForge. Retrieved 2013-08-25. 
  15. ^ "Terms of Use". slashdotmedia.com. SlashdotMedia. 18 February 2016. 8. Registration; Use of Secure Areas and Passwords. 
  16. ^ http://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/somasegar/2012/10/31/team-foundation-service-is-released/
  17. ^ http://www.visualstudio.com/en-us/products/visual-studio-team-services-vs.aspx/[not in citation given]
  18. ^ "Visual Studio Team Services Pricing". www.visualstudio.com. Retrieved 2016-07-27. 
  19. ^ Andy Singleton (2012-03-27). "Announcing Advanced Merge Requests for Git". Blog.assembla.com. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  20. ^ "Get Started for Free in 60 Seconds | Assembla Plans". Assembla.com. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  21. ^ — Using Mercurial Queues And Bitbucket.org
  22. ^ Publishing a Website on Bitbucket - Bitbucket - Atlassian Documentation. Confluence.atlassian.com. Retrieved on 2013-09-21.
  23. ^ "Pull Requests 2.0 · GitHub". Github.com. 2010-08-31. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  24. ^ no file attachments, but images can be embedded GitHub Issue Tracker — GitHub
  25. ^ https://github.com/integrations
  26. ^ "Features". GitLab. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  27. ^ "GitLab Pages". GitLab. Retrieved 2016-03-07. 
  28. ^ "Continuous Integration". GitLab. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  29. ^ "Savannah's Maintenance Docs: How To Get Your Project Approved Quickly". The review we do can be lengthy and difficult for both the submitter and the reviewer. Be sure to follow these steps; if your project doesn't comply with our requirements, we will ask you to make changes to your project or register again. This ensures a level of quality for projects hosted at Savannah, and even more important, raises awareness of these legal and philosophical issues related to free software. 
  30. ^ "Savannah Administration - In Depth Guide [Savannah]". Savannah.nongnu.org. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  31. ^ Collaborating on GitHub with Subversion 路 GitHub. Github.com (2012-06-26). Retrieved on 2015-04-01.
  32. ^ Savannah Support Request, sr #106417 (24 October 2008), GNU Bazaar on Savannah, retrieved 2008-12-10 
  33. ^ a b c "java.net Managing a Project: Source Code Repository". 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  34. ^ "Launchpad Blog". Blog.launchpad.net. 2009-07-08. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  35. ^ "Launchpad Blog". Blog.launchpad.net. 2009-10-29. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  36. ^ SourceForge docs for bazaar, Bazaar is no longer available for new projects, they only offer limited support for Bazaar for projects previously using it on the Classic SourceForge system (2013-07-01).
  37. ^ a b "Alioth: Welcome". alioth.debian.org. Retrieved 2015-10-06. 
  38. ^ "Assembla Keeps Code, Tasks, and Teams Happily Together". Assembla.com. Retrieved 2015-12-06. 
  39. ^ "How popular is assembla.com?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  40. ^ "How popular is bitbucket.org?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  41. ^ [1]
  42. ^ "How popular is codeplex.com?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  43. ^ a b "About · GitHub". Github.com. Retrieved 2016-08-19. 
  44. ^ "How popular is github.com?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2016-08-19. 
  45. ^ "The hardware that powers 100,000 git repositories". 2015-01-03. 
  46. ^ Luke Babb (2016-02-11). "2015 was a great year at GitLab!". about.gitlab.com. GitLab Inc. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 564k January 2016 
  47. ^ "How popular is gitlab.com?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  48. ^ "How popular is gna.org?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  49. ^ a b "Statistics [Savannah]". Savannah.gnu.org. Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  50. ^ "How popular is nongnu.org?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  51. ^ Rosenberg, Jonathan (21 December 2009). "The meaning of open". Official Google blog.
  52. ^ People and teams in Launchpad. launchpad.net. Retrieved 2015-12-06.
  53. ^ Projects registered in Launchpad. launchpad.net. Retrieved 2015-12-06
  54. ^ "How popular is launchpad.net?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  55. ^ a b "OSDN Site top". OSDN. Retrieved 2015-06-17. 
  56. ^ "How popular is osdn.jp?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  57. ^ "Welcome". ourproject.org. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  58. ^ a b "About". 
  59. ^ "How popular is sourceforge.net?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  60. ^ "How popular is tigris.org?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  61. ^ "BerliOS Developer: New berliOS portal launched". Archived from the original on 2014-04-07. 
  62. ^ "Javaforge shutdown". codebeamer.com. Retrieved 2016-07-08. 

External links[edit]