Comparison of cross-platform instant messaging clients

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The landscape for instant messaging involves cross-platform instant messaging clients that can handle one or multiple protocols.[1] The following table compares general and technical information for cross-platform instant messaging clients in active development, each of which have their own article that provide further information.

General[edit]

Client Developer Initial release Platform Latest release License Monthly active users
Version Date
Briar May 9, 2018; 3 years ago (2018-05-09)[2] Android 1.4[3] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-11-15 GPL-3.0-or-later
Discord Discord Inc. March 6, 2015; 6 years ago (2015-03-06)[4] Android 88.14[5] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-27 Proprietary freeware 250 million (2019)[6]
iOS 101.0 Edit this on Wikidata 2021-11-16
Linux 0.0.16[7] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-09-22
macOS 0.0.263 Edit this on Wikidata 2021-05-25
Windows 1.0.9002 Edit this on Wikidata 2021-05-28
eBuddy Paulo Taylor March 9, 2003; 18 years ago (2003-03-09)[8] Proprietary freeware
Element New Vector Limited July 2016; 5 years ago (2016-07) Android 1.3.6[9] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-10-27 Apache-2.0
iOS 1.5.2[10] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-27
Linux 1.8.2[11] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-31
macOS 1.8.2[11] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-31
Windows 1.8.2[11] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-31
Web 1.8.2[12] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-31
Gadu-Gadu Łukasz Foltyn, GG Network S.A. August 15, 2000; 21 years ago (2000-08-15) Proprietary freeware
Gajim Yann Le Boulanger May 21, 2004; 17 years ago (2004-05-21) BSD 1.3.3[13] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-10-10 GPL-3.0-only
Linux
macOS
Windows
ICQ Mail.Ru November 1996; 25 years ago (1996-11) Proprietary adware freemium
Jami Savoir-faire Linux Android 20210924-01 Edit this on Wikidata 2021-09-24 GPL-3.0-or-later
iOS 3.20 Edit this on Wikidata 2021-06-16
Linux
macOS 2.04 Edit this on Wikidata 2021-06-01
Windows 202109211000 Edit this on Wikidata 2021-09-21
Jitsi Emil Ivov 2003; 18 years ago (2003) Desktop 2.10[14] Edit this on Wikidata 2017-10-01 Apache-2.0
Kadu Kadu Team August 2001; 20 years ago (2001-08) BSD 4.3[15] Edit this on Wikidata 2017-01-24 GPL-2.0-or-later
Linux
macOS
Windows
KakaoTalk Kakao Corp. March 18, 2010; 11 years ago (2010-03-18) Proprietary freeware 49 million (2018)[16]
Keybase Keybase February 8, 2017; 4 years ago (2017-02-08) New BSD License
Kik Messenger Medialab October 2010; 11 years ago (2010-10) Android 15.37.2.25113[17] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-19 Proprietary adware freemium 15 million (2017)[18]
iOS 16.0.6[19] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-26
Line LINE Corporation March 2012; 9 years ago (2012-03) Android 11.15.0[20] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-30 Proprietary freemium 700 million (2017)
iOS 11.13.0[21] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-30
Chrome 2.4.6[22] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-08
macOS 7.1.0[23] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-10
Windows 7.1.0.2585 Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-06
Linphone Belledonne Communications Android 4.5.5[24] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-10-28 GPL-3.0-or-later
iOS 4.4.1[25] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-05-05
Linux 4.3.1[26] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-11-04
macOS 4.3.1[26] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-11-04
Windows 4.3.1[26] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-11-04
Mattermost Mattermost Inc 2015; 6 years ago (2015) Android 1.47.0[27] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-10-10 Apache-2.0
iOS 1.47.0[27] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-10-10
Linux 5.0.0[28] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-10-12
macOS 5.0.0[28] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-10-12
Windows 5.0.0[28] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-10-12
MCabber Mikael Berthe June 7, 2005; 16 years ago (2005-06-07) BSD 1.1.2[29] Edit this on Wikidata 2020-09-19 GPL-2.0-or-later
Linux
macOS
Messages Apple Inc. July 25, 2012; 9 years ago (2012-07-25) Proprietary, part of macOS and iOS
Messenger Meta Platforms August 9, 2011; 10 years ago (2011-08-09) Android 337.1.0.11.1185[30] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-11-04 Proprietary freeware 1300 million (2019)[6]
iOS 337.0[31] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-11-02
macOS 96.0[32] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-04-06
Windows 1180.4.112.0 Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-18
Movim Timothée Jaussoin March 3, 2011; 10 years ago (2011-03-03) Web 0.19[33] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-02-20 AGPL-3.0-or-later
Palringo Palringo Ltd 2006; 15 years ago (2006) Android 10.11[34] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-07-26 Proprietary freemium
iOS 10.12[35] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-09-08
Paltalk AVM Software, Inc June 1998; 23 years ago (1998-06) Proprietary freeware
Pidgin Mark Spencer November 1998; 23 years ago (1998-11) BSD 2.14.8[36] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-10-14 GPL-2.0-or-later
Linux
macOS
Windows
Psi Psi and Psi+ developers 2001; 20 years ago (2001) Linux 1.5[37] Edit this on Wikidata 2020-09-06 GPL-2.0-or-later
macOS
Windows
RetroShare Cyril Soler, Gioacchino Mazzurco 2006; 15 years ago (2006) 0.6.6[38] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-03-13 GPL
Ricochet Invisible.im June 2014; 7 years ago (2014-06) FreeBSD 1.1.4[39] Edit this on Wikidata 2016-11-07 BSD-3-Clause
Linux
macOS
Windows
Sicher SHAPE GmbH June 2014; 7 years ago (2014-06) Proprietary freeware
Signal Signal Foundation July 2014; 7 years ago (2014-07) Android 5.21.6[40] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-09-02 GPL-3.0-only 40 million (2021)[41]
iOS 5.26.3[42] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-12-01 GPL-3.0-only
Desktop 5.25.0[43] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-12-01 AGPL-3.0-only
Silent Phone Silent Circle January 16, 2013; 8 years ago (2013-01-16) Proprietary commercial
Skype Skype Technologies, a subsidiary of Microsoft Corporation 2003; 18 years ago (2003) Proprietary adware freemium 300 million (2018)[16]
Slack Slack Technologies August 2013; 8 years ago (2013-08) Proprietary freemium
Snapchat Snap Inc. November 2011; 10 years ago (2011-11) Android 11.43.0.37[44] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-31 Proprietary freeware 294 million (2019)[6]
iOS 11.43.0.23[45] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-30
Steam Chat Valve [46] Android, iOS, Desktop, Web
Surespot Surespot LLC 2013; 8 years ago (2013) Android v81[47] Edit this on Wikidata 2019-04-27 GPL-3.0-or-later
iOS v21[48] Edit this on Wikidata 2018-11-14
TeamNote TeamNote Limited 2012; 9 years ago (2012) Subscription
Telegram Telegram Messenger LLP 2013; 8 years ago (2013) Android 7.9.3 2021-08-07 GPL-2.0-or-later 500 million (2021)[49]
iOS 7.9.2 2021-08-06 GPL-2.0-or-later
Desktop 2.9.3 2021-08-11 GPL-3.0-or-later
Tencent QQ Tencent Holdings February 1999; 22 years ago (1999-02) Proprietary adware 823 million (2019)[6]
Threema Threema GmbH December 2012; 9 years ago (2012-12) Android 4.60[50] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-11-24 AGPL-3.0-only
iOS 4.6.13[50] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-10-26
Web AGPL-3.0-or-later
Trillian Cerulean Studios July 1, 2000; 21 years ago (2000-07-01) Android 6.4.0.20[51] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-04-28 Proprietary adware freemium
iOS 6.4.20[52] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-01-06
Linux 6.3.0.1[51] Edit this on Wikidata 2020-05-27
macOS 6.4.0.3[51] Edit this on Wikidata 2020-12-16
Windows 6.5.0.17[51] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-10
Web 6.4.6[51] Edit this on Wikidata 2020-12-10
Viber Rakuten Viber December 2, 2010; 11 years ago (2010-12-02) Android 15.9.0.5[53] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-20 Proprietary freemium 260 million (2019)[6]
iOS 15.9.0[54] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-19
Linux 13.3.1.22 Edit this on Wikidata 2021-07-07
macOS 15.9.0 Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-17
Windows 15.9.0.1 Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-17
WeChat Tencent Holdings Limited January 21, 2011; 10 years ago (2011-01-21) Proprietary freeware 1112 million (2019)[6]
WhatsApp WhatsApp Inc., a subsidiary of Facebook January 2009; 12 years ago (2009-01) Android 2.21.16.20[55] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-18 Proprietary freeware 2000 million (2020)[56]
iOS 2.21.170[57] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-30
macOS 2.2132.6[58] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-23
Windows 2.2132.6[59] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-24
Wickr Me Wickr Inc. June 2012; 9 years ago (2012-06) Android 5.85.4[60] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-12 Proprietary
iOS 5.85.5[61] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-17
Desktop 5.85.9[62] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-05
Wire Wire Swiss GmbH December 3, 2014; 7 years ago (2014-12-03) Android 3.72.1014[63] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-09-04 GPL-3.0-or-later
iOS 3.87[64] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-08-19
Linux 3.26.2941[65] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-06-28
macOS 3.26.4145[66] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-06-28
Windows 3.26.4124[67] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-06-28
Web 2021-09-13-production.0[68] Edit this on Wikidata 2021-09-13
Client Developer Initial release Platform Latest release License Monthly active users
Version Date

OS support[edit]

Client Operating system
Windows macOS Linux Web Android iOS
Briar No No Yes No Yes No
Discord Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
eBuddy No No No No Yes Yes
Element Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Gadu-Gadu Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Gajim Yes No Yes No No No
ICQ Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Jami Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Jitsi Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Kadu Yes Yes Yes No No No
KakaoTalk Yes Yes No No Yes Yes
Keybase Yes Yes Yes No, partial Yes Yes
Kik Messenger No No No No Yes Yes
Line Yes Yes No No Yes Yes
Linphone
Mattermost Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
MCabber No Yes Yes No No No
Messages No Yes No No No Yes
Messenger Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Movim Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Palringo No No No No Yes Yes
Paltalk Yes Yes No No Yes Yes
Pidgin Yes Yes Yes No No No
Psi Yes Yes Yes No No No
RetroShare Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Ricochet Yes Yes Yes No No No
Sicher No No No No Yes Yes
Signal Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Silent Phone No No No No Yes Yes
Skype Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Slack Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Snapchat No No No No Yes Yes
Surespot No No No No Yes Yes
TeamNote No No No Yes Yes Yes
Telegram Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Tencent QQ Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Threema No No No Yes Yes Yes
Trillian Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Viber Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
WeChat Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
WhatsApp Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Wickr Me Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Wire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Client Operating system
Windows macOS Linux Web Android iOS

Privacy[edit]

Client Registration requirement Lock screen Screenshot detection[69] Screenshot disabled (Android only)[70] Voice changer Plugins Peer-to-peer text chat Open source servers Federated servers
Briar Yes
Discord Email No No No No No
eBuddy Phone number Yes No No No No
Element No No Yes No Yes Yes
Gadu-Gadu Email No No No
Gajim Email Yes No Yes Yes
ICQ Phone number Yes No
Jami No No No No No Yes Yes decentralised
Jitsi No Yes No Yes Yes
Kadu Yes No
KakaoTalk No No No
Keybase No No No No No
Kik Messenger Email No No No
Line Phone number No Yes No No No
Linphone
Mattermost No Yes No Yes No
MCabber No
Messages No No No N/A N/A
Messenger Facebook account or Phone number No Yes No No No
Movim No ? No No Yes Yes
Palringo No No No No
Paltalk Email No No No
Pidgin Yes Yes Yes Yes
Psi Yes No
RetroShare Yes N/A (P2P) N/A
Ricochet Yes N/A N/A
Sicher Phone number No No No
Signal Phone number; iOS or Android device[71][72] Yes No No Yes[73] No
Silent Phone No Yes No No No
Skype Yes No No No
Slack Email Yes No No No
Snapchat Email or Phone number Yes Yes No No No
Surespot No No No No No
TeamNote
Telegram Phone number; iOS or Android device[74] Yes No No No No
Tencent QQ No No No No
Threema No Yes No No No No
Trillian No Yes No No Yes
Viber Phone number Yes Yes No No No
WeChat Phone number or QQ number No No No
WhatsApp Phone number No No No No No
Wickr Me No Yes Yes[69] Yes[70] Yes No No No
Wire Email or Phone number No No No Yes[75] No
Client Registration requirement Lock screen Screenshot detection[69] Screenshot disabled (Android only)[70] Voice changer Plugins Peer-to-peer text chat Open source servers Federated servers
  • 1: Apple iOS doesn't allow screenshot protection.

Message handling[edit]

Client Self-destructing messages Read messages Sent messages
Exists Default setting Receiver deletion Setting receipts Contact-based setting Delete sent/read on read Receipts Deleting Deleting request Editing Deleting
Briar No - Yes
Discord No - No Yes Yes
eBuddy Yes Yes No Partial
Element No - Yes Partial Yes
Gadu-Gadu
Gajim No - Yes
ICQ
Jami Yes Disabled
Jitsi No -
Kadu
KakaoTalk
Keybase Yes Yes Yes Yes
Kik Messenger
Line No - Yes No Partial
Linphone
Mattermost No - No Yes Yes
MCabber
Messages No -
Messenger Yes Yes No Yes
Movim No - Yes Yes
Palringo
Paltalk
Pidgin Yes
Psi Yes
RetroShare No - Yes No No
Ricochet
Sicher Yes
Signal Yes Disabled Yes No Partial
Silent Phone Yes
Skype Yes
Slack
Snapchat Yes Yes No Yes
Surespot No -
TeamNote No Yes Yes
Telegram Yes Disabled Yes Yes Yes
Tencent QQ
Threema No - Yes No Yes
Trillian Yes
Viber Yes Yes Yes Yes
WeChat
WhatsApp No - Yes No Partial
Wickr Me Yes 6 days Yes
Wire Yes[76] Yes Yes Yes
Client Self-destructing messages Read messages Sent messages
Exists Default setting Receiver deletion Setting receipts Contact-based setting Delete sent/read on read Receipts Deleting Deleting request Editing Deleting

Media[edit]

Client E2EE Encrypted local storage File transfer Voice messages Voice chat Video chat
Individual Groups
Briar Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Discord No No Yes No Yes Yes
eBuddy Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Element Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Gadu-Gadu No No Yes Yes Yes
Gajim Yes Plug-in Yes No No No[77]
ICQ No No Yes No Yes Yes
Jami Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Jitsi Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Kadu No No Yes No Yes No
KakaoTalk Yes Yes Yes
Keybase Yes Yes Yes No No No
Kik Messenger No No Yes
Line Partial Yes[78] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Linphone
Mattermost No No Yes Plug-in Plug-in Plug-in
MCabber No No No No No No
Messages Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Messenger Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Movim No No Yes No Yes Yes
Palringo No No No No Yes No
Paltalk No No Yes Yes Yes
Pidgin Yes No No Partial Yes
Psi Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Partial
RetroShare Yes Yes Yes
Ricochet Yes
Sicher Yes Yes Yes
Signal Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Silent Phone Yes Yes[79] Yes
Skype Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Slack No No Yes
Snapchat No No No Yes Yes Yes
Surespot Yes No groupchat Yes Yes Yes No
TeamNote Yes No
Telegram Secret Chats No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Tencent QQ No No Yes No Yes Yes
Threema Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Trillian No No Yes Partial Yes Yes
Viber Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
WeChat No No Yes Yes Yes Yes
WhatsApp Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Wickr Me Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Wire Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Client E2EE Encrypted local storage File transfer Voice messages Voice chat Video chat
Individual Groups

Misc[edit]

Client Custom emoji Stickers Themes / skins
Briar Yes No No
Discord Yes Yes No
eBuddy No No Yes
Element Yes Yes Yes
Gadu-Gadu No
Gajim Yes Yes
ICQ Yes Yes
Jami
Jitsi Yes
Kadu Yes Yes
KakaoTalk No
Keybase Yes No Yes, only 2 official skins
Kik Messenger Yes Yes
Line No Yes Yes
Linphone
Mattermost Yes No Yes
MCabber No
Messages No No
Messenger No Yes Yes
Movim No Yes No
Palringo No Yes
Paltalk No Yes
Pidgin Yes Yes
Psi Yes Yes
RetroShare No Yes
Ricochet No
Sicher No
Signal No Yes Yes
Silent Phone No
Skype No No
Slack Yes Yes
Snapchat No Yes No
Surespot No Yes
TeamNote No
Telegram No Yes Yes
Tencent QQ No Yes
Threema No Yes Yes
Trillian Yes Yes
Viber No Yes Yes
WeChat No
WhatsApp No Yes No
Wickr Me No No
Wire No No No
Client Custom emoji Stickers Themes / skins

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Secure P2P Messenger Releases First Version, Receives New Funding". Briar. 9 May 2018. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
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  68. ^ https://github.com/wireapp/wire-webapp/releases/tag/2021-09-13-production.0.
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