Comparison of layout engines (HTML5 canvas)

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The following tables compare support for the drawing APIs of the Canvas element, a feature of HTML5. These tables compare native support by web browsers, without any plugins, add-ons or ECMAScript workarounds.

Explanation of the tables[edit]

Engine nomenclature[edit]

Rather than the names of web browsers and HTML to PDF converters, the names of the underlying engines are used. Some of the software and online converters that use the various engines are listed below.

Layout engine Release version Preview version Used by
Amaya 11.4.7[1] N/A No longer developed; Amaya
Blink 537.36 source code[note 1] Chromium/Chrome (28+), Opera (15+), Vivaldi, Yandex, Liebao and Samsung Browser[citation needed].
EdgeHTML 13.10586 [2] N/A Microsoft Edge, Universal Windows Platform (UWP) JavaScript apps
Gecko
Standard 47.0.1 (June 28, 2016; 16 days ago (2016-06-28)[3]) [±]
ESR 45.2.0 (June 7, 2016; 37 days ago (2016-06-07)[4]) [±]
Beta 48.0 Beta 5 (July 1, 2016; 13 days ago (2016-07-01)[5][6]) [±]
Developer Edition 49.0a2 (June 10, 2016; 34 days ago (2016-06-10)[7]) [±] daily release
Nightly 50.0a1 (June 6, 2016; 38 days ago (2016-06-06)[8]) [±] daily release
All Mozilla software, including Firefox; SeaMonkey and Galeon; Camino; K-Meleon; Flock (up to 2.x); Debian IceWeasel; GNU IceCat (formerly GNU IceWeasel); Cyberfox; Icedove, Iceape and Iceowl; Firefox for mobile ("Fennec"). Also used by the Maple platform in 2010 and 2011 Samsung "SmartTV" devices which are based on the build used in Firefox 2.5. The Nokia Asha platform also uses Gecko for web apps rendering.
KHTML 4.12.3[9] N/A Konqueror[note 2]
Martha  ?  ? PDFreactor, Nimbudocs Editor and edit-on NG
Presto 2.12.388 N/A No longer developed; Opera and Opera Mobile use Blink now; Nintendo DS & DSi Browser; Internet Channel
Prince 10 20160109 HTML to PDF converters: Prince (previously called PrinceXML), DocRaptor. The information in the Prince columns is also true of Prince for Books, a related layout engine.
Tasman (IE 5.2.3 for Mac) N/A No longer developed (aborted in 2003); Internet Explorer 5+ for Mac OS X
Trident 7.0 (IE 11) N/A Internet Explorer and other Internet Explorer shells like Maxthon (Microsoft Windows operating systems only), Windows Phone 8
WebKit 534.20 nightly build[note 3] Tizen (both OS and browser), Safari (both desktop and mobile), Google Chrome (before 28), Maxthon 3, Shiira, iCab 4, OmniWeb 5.5+, Web, Adobe AIR, Midori, Adobe Dreamweaver CS4 and CS5, Android browser, Palm webOS browser, Symbian S60 browser, OWB, Steam, Rekonq, Arora, Flock (version 3+), RockMelt, Dolphin Browser, Sleipnir, Konqueror[note 2]. Used by the LG Smart TV platform to enable web content on TVs. HTML to PDF converters: wkhtmltopdf, PhantomJS, Pdfcrowd[10], http://www.online-convert.com/[11].
  1. ^ "chromium / chromium/blink". chromium.googlesource.com. Google. Retrieved 2014-05-27. 
  2. ^ a b In Konqueror, the user can switch the used layout engine.
  3. ^ "WebKit Nightly Builds". webkit.org. Retrieved 2014-05-27. 


Values[edit]

Values indicate the level of support in the most recent version of the layout engine, or (if a version number is given) in the specified version. Version numbers without any other value indicate the version at which the layout engine first fully supported the feature.

Value Meaning
Yes Indicates that the layout engine fully supports this property/element when valid values are used.
No Indicates that the property/element is completely ignored.
Partial Indicates that the property/element is understood, but that not all values are supported. Supported values are implemented correctly.
Incorrect Indicates that the property/element is understood, but that it is not implemented correctly in all cases.
Experimental Indicates that the property/element is understood, but supported under an alternate name. May be incomplete or buggy.
Dropped Indicates that the property/element is no longer supported.
Nightly build Indicates that the property/element is supported to some extent in an experimental/nightly build. Future support is expected.
Depends Indicates that the property/element is supported only on certain platforms, or if certain settings are configured.

Canvas functions[edit]

Trident Gecko WebKit Presto
getContext 5.0 1.8 Yes 2.0
toDataURL 1.8[g 1] Yes[w 1] 2.1[note 1]

Supported contexts[edit]

Trident Gecko WebKit Presto
2d 5.0 1.9.1 Partial 2.6
WebGL 7.0[t 1] Depends[g 2] Depends[w 2] 2.9.220[p 1]

Canvas Rendering Context 2D[edit]

Trident[t 2] Gecko[g 3] WebKit[w 3] Presto[p 2][p 3]
The canvas state
save 5.0 1.8 Yes 2.0
restore
Transformations
scale 5.0 1.8 Yes 2.0
rotate
translate
transform 2.6[note 2][p 4][p 5][p 6]
setTransform 2.6[note 2]
Compositing
globalAlpha 5.0 1.8 Yes 2.0
globalCompositeOperation
Colors and styles
strokeStyle 5.0 1.8 Yes 2.0
fillStyle
createLinearGradient
createRadialGradient
createPattern
Line styles
lineWidth 5.0 1.8 Yes 2.0
lineCap
lineJoin
miterLimit
Shadows
shadowOffsetX 5.0 1.9.1[g 4] Yes 2.4[note 3]
shadowOffsetY
shadowBlur
shadowColor
Simple shapes
clearRect 5.0 1.8 Yes 2.0
fillRect
strokeRect
Complex shapes
beginPath 5.0 1.8 Yes 2.0
closePath
moveTo
lineTo
quadraticCurveTo 1.8.1[note 4]
bezierCurveTo 1.8
arcTo 1.8.1[g 5]
rect 1.8
arc
fill
stroke
clip
isPointInPath
Focus management
drawFocusRing No 28.0[g 6] No No
Text
font 5.0 1.9.1[note 5] Yes No
textAlign 2.6
textBaseline
fillText
strokeText
measureText
Images
drawImage 5.0 1.8 Yes 2.0
createImageData 1.9.1[g 8][g 9] 2.7[p 7]
getImageData 1.9[g 9] 2.6[note 2]
putImageData 2.0[g 10][g 9]


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Presto 2.0 had partial support for this property.
  2. ^ a b c Opera 9.5(Presto 2.1) support table claims support for this, but support tables for Presto 2.1.1 up to 2.5 indicate that this property is not supported.
  3. ^ Prior to version 2.4, Presto only had partial support for this property.
  4. ^ Incorrect in Gecko 1.8
  5. ^ Gecko had experimental support in version 1.9, with different names.[g 7]

References[edit]

Trident references[edit]

Gecko references[edit]

Webkit references[edit]

Presto references[edit]

Other references[edit]

  1. ^ Amaya Binary Releases, Most recent download link in stable
  2. ^ Change log between EdgeHTML 12.10240 and 13.10586
  3. ^ "Firefox — Notes (47.0.1) — Mozilla". mozilla.org. 2016-06-28. Retrieved 2016-06-28. 
  4. ^ "Firefox Extended Support Release — Notes (45.2.0) — Mozilla". mozilla.org. 2016-06-07. Retrieved 2016-06-07. 
  5. ^ "Firefox — Beta Notes (48.0beta) — Mozilla". 2016-06-08. Retrieved 2016-06-09. 
  6. ^ "Mozilla Firefox Web Browser — Download Firefox Beta in your language — Mozilla". Retrieved 2016-07-02. 
  7. ^ "Firefox — Aurora Notes (49.0a2) — Mozilla". 2016-06-10. Retrieved 2016-06-11. 
  8. ^ "RapidRelease/Calendar - MozillaWiki". Retrieved 2016-06-06. 
  9. ^ Download for kdelibs, Most recent download link in stable
  10. ^ Pdfcrowd FAQ, “Pdfcrowd is built around Webkit.”
  11. ^ ‘Producer’ metadata in the resulting pdf., https://www.coolutils.com/Online/HTML-Converter/ Free Online HTML Converter around Webkit

External links[edit]