Comparison of layout engines (HTML5 media)

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The HTML5 draft specification defines several tags which allow video and audio to be included natively and semantically in HTML markup. This page compares support for aspects of this specification among layout engines.

Explanation of the tables[edit]

Engine nomenclature[edit]

Rather than the names of web browsers and HTML to PDF converters, the names of the underlying engines are used. Some of the software and online converters that use the various engines are listed below.

Layout engine Release version Preview version Used by
Amaya 11.4.7[1] N/A No longer developed; Amaya
Antenna House 6.5[2] N/A Antenna House Formatter. Antenna House Formatter supports XSL-FO and CSS.[3]
Blink 537.36 source code[note 1] Chromium/Chrome (28+), Opera (15+), Sleipnir, Vivaldi, Yandex, Liebao and Samsung Browser[citation needed]
EdgeHTML 14.14393[4] N/A Microsoft Edge, Universal Windows Platform (UWP) JavaScript apps
Standard 58.0.2 / 7 February 2018; 11 days ago (2018-02-07)[5]
Extended Support Release 52.6.0 / 23 January 2018; 26 days ago (2018-01-23)[6]
Beta & Developer Edition 59.0beta / January 16, 2018; 33 days ago (2018-01-16)[7][8]
Nightly 60.0a1 / January 22, 2018; 27 days ago (2018-01-22)[9][10]
All Mozilla software, including Firefox; SeaMonkey and Galeon; Camino; K-Meleon; Flock (up to 2.x); Debian IceWeasel; GNU IceCat (formerly GNU IceWeasel); Cyberfox; Icedove, Iceape and Iceowl; Firefox for Android ("Fennec"). Also used by the Maple platform in 2010 and 2011 Samsung "SmartTV" devices which are based on the build used in Firefox OS 2.5. The Nokia Asha platform also uses Gecko for web apps rendering.
Goanna 27.7.2 (1 February 2018; 17 days ago (2018-02-01)[11]) [±] Pale Moon and Basilisk
KHTML 4.12.3[12] N/A Konqueror[note 2]
Martha  ?  ? PDFreactor, Nimbudocs Editor and edit-on NG. Uses the Apache Batik library for SVG rendering.
Presto 2.12.388 N/A No longer developed; Opera and Opera Mobile use Blink now; Nintendo DS & DSi Browser; Internet Channel
Prince 11.3 N/A HTML to PDF converters: Prince (previously called PrinceXML), DocRaptor. The information in the Prince columns is also true of Prince for Books, a related layout engine.
Tasman (IE 5.2.3 for Mac) N/A No longer developed (aborted in 2003); Internet Explorer 5+ for Mac OS X
Trident 7.0 (IE 11) N/A Internet Explorer and other Internet Explorer shells like Maxthon (Microsoft Windows operating systems only), Windows Phone 8
WebKit 534.20 nightly build[note 3] Tizen (both OS and browser), Safari (both desktop and mobile), Google Chrome (before 28), Maxthon 3, Shiira, iCab 4, OmniWeb 5.5+, Web, Adobe AIR, Midori, surf, Adobe Dreamweaver CS4 and CS5, Android browser, Palm webOS browser, Symbian S60 browser, OWB, Steam, Rekonq, Arora, Flock (version 3+), RockMelt, Dolphin Browser, Konqueror[note 2]. Used by the LG Smart TV platform to enable web content on TVs. HTML to PDF converters: wkhtmltopdf, PhantomJS, Pdfcrowd[13],[14].
WeasyPrint  ? N/A WeasyPrint is a visual rendering engine for HTML and CSS that can export to PDF. It aims to support web standards for printing. WeasyPrint is free software made available under a BSD license.
  1. ^ "chromium / chromium/blink". Google. Retrieved 2014-05-27. 
  2. ^ a b In Konqueror, the user can switch the used layout engine.
  3. ^ "WebKit Nightly Builds". Retrieved 2014-05-27. 


Values indicate the level of support in the most recent version of the layout engine, or (if a version number is given) in the specified version. Version numbers without any other value indicate the version at which the layout engine first fully supported the feature.

Value Meaning
Yes Indicates that the layout engine fully supports this property/element when valid values are used.
No Indicates that the property/element is completely ignored.
Partial Indicates that the property/element is understood, but that not all values are supported. Supported values are implemented correctly.
Incorrect Indicates that the property/element is understood, but that it is not implemented correctly in all cases.
Experimental Indicates that the property/element is understood, but supported under an alternate name. May be incomplete or buggy.
Dropped Indicates that the property/element is no longer supported.
Nightly build Indicates that the property/element is supported to some extent in an experimental/nightly build. Future support is expected.
Depends Indicates that the property/element is supported only on certain platforms, or if certain settings are configured.

Element attributes[edit]

Media elements allow some attributes to be set directly in the tag.

Trident Gecko WebKit Presto
<audio> attributes
src 5.0[t 1] 1.9.1 525 2.5
preload 2.0[note 1][g 1] Experimental[note 1]
autoplay 1.9.1 2.5
loop 11.0[g 2]
controls 1.9.1
<video> attributes
src 5.0[t 1] 1.9.1 525 2.5
preload 2.0[note 1][g 1] Experimental[note 1]
autoplay 1.9.1 2.5
loop 11.0[g 2]
controls 1.9.1
poster 1.9.2[g 3]
width 1.9.1
<source> attributes
src 5.0[t 1] 1.9.1 525[w 1] 2.5
media 15.0[g 4]
<track> attributes
kind 6.0[t 2] 24.0[g 5] Yes[w 2] No

DOM attributes[edit]

Some attributes related to media elements are exposed in the DOM.

Trident Gecko WebKit Presto[p 1]
Error state
MediaError 5.0 [t 3] 1.9.1  ? 2.5
Network state
src 5.0[t 1] 1.9.1  ? 2.5
preload 2.0[note 1][g 1] No
buffered 2.0[g 6]
load() 1.9.1 2.5
canPlayType() 533[w 3]
Ready state
readyState 5.0[t 1] 1.9.1  ? 2.5
Playback state
currentTime 5.0[t 1] 1.9.1  ? 2.5
startTime No
duration 1.9.1
defaultPlaybackRate 20.0[g 7] No
played 15.0[g 8]
seekable 8.0[g 9]
ended 1.9.1 2.5
loop 11.0[g 2]
play() 1.9.1
controls 5.0[t 1] 1.9.1  ? 2.5

DOM events[edit]

Media elements introduce new events to handle conditions which apply only to those elements, such as pausing/resuming.

Trident Gecko[g 10] WebKit Presto
loadstart 5.0[t 4] 1.9.1  ?  ?
suspend 1.9.2
abort 1.9.1
stalled 8.0[g 11]
play 1.9.1
playing No
canplay 1.9.1

Video format support[edit]

This table documents support for video codecs by the <video> element.

Trident edgeHTML Gecko WebKit Presto
Ogg Theora Manual install[note 2] 1.9.1[g 12] Depends[note 3] 2.5
H.264 5.0[t 6] 33.0[15][g 13] Depends (525)[note 3][w 9] Depends[note 4]
WebM VP8 Manual install[note 2] Yes[16] 2.0[g 14][g 15] Depends (534)[w 10] 2.6.30[p 3][p 4][p 5]

Audio format support[edit]

This table documents support for audio codecs by the <audio> element.

Trident edgeHTML Gecko WebKit Presto
Ogg Vorbis Manual install[note 2] 1.9.1[g 12] Depends[note 3] 2.5
WAV PCM 525[note 3] 2.0
MP3 5.0[t 7] No[g 16] Depends[note 4]
Speex Manual install[note 2] No[g 17] Depends[note 3] No
Opus No Yes[16] 15.0[g 18] Depends[note 3] No

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Supports preload under the older name autobuffer.
  2. ^ a b c d Google released a WebM component for Media Foundation to allow the playback of WebM files in IE9 through the standard HTML5 <video> tag.[t 5] distributes OpenCodecs package, which amends Google's VP8 decoder with DirectShow-based codecs for Ogg Theora and Ogg Vorbis. VLC media player comes with "Web plugin" that uses VLC for playing multimedia from <video> and <audio> tags, enabling support for all formats VLC supports.
  3. ^ a b c d e f WebKit on Mac OS X uses QuickTime, and supports whatever formats that does.[w 4] By default, this includes H.264, MP3, AAC and WAV PCM, but not Ogg Theora or Vorbis. These are supported only if installed as third-party codecs, such as XiphQT. Google Chrome supports Theora, Vorbis, WebM, and MP3.[w 5] Chromium can be compiled to support anything that FFmpeg supports, and may or may not support patented formats such as H.264 and MP3.[w 6] Origyn Web Browser for MorphOS uses also FFmpeg for playing HTML5 media content.[w 7][w 8]
  4. ^ a b On Linux and FreeBSD, Presto 2.5 uses the system version of the GStreamer library, and is able to play any formats supported by GStreamer (including H.264, MP3, AAC and others, if codecs are installed). On other platforms, it only supports Ogg Theora for video; and Ogg Vorbis and WAVE PCM for sound.[p 2]


  1. ^ Amaya Binary Releases, Most recent download link in stable
  2. ^ [1], Formatter V6.5 MR1
  3. ^ [2], Antenna House Formatter V6
  4. ^ Introducing EdgeHTML 14 with the Windows 10 Anniversary Update
  5. ^ "Firefox — Notes (58.0.2) — Mozilla". Mozilla Foundation. February 7, 2018. 
  6. ^ "Firefox Extended Support Release — Notes (52.6.0) — Mozilla". Mozilla Foundation. January 23, 2018. 
  7. ^ "Firefox — Beta Notes (59.0beta) — Mozilla". 2018-01-16. Retrieved 2018-01-24. 
  8. ^ "Mozilla Firefox Web Browser — Download Firefox Beta in your language — Mozilla". Retrieved 2016-08-10. 
  9. ^ "Firefox - Notes (60.0a1) — Mozilla". 2018-01-22. Retrieved 2018-01-23. 
  10. ^ "Mozilla Firefox Web Browser — Download Firefox Nightly in your language — Mozilla". Retrieved 2018-01-23. 
  11. ^ "Pale Moon – Release Notes". Pale Moon. 
  12. ^ Download for kdelibs, Most recent download link in stable
  13. ^ Pdfcrowd FAQ, “Pdfcrowd is built around Webkit.”
  14. ^ ‘Producer’ metadata in the resulting pdf., Free Online HTML Converter around Webkit
  15. ^ via OpenH264
  16. ^ a b

Trident references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Internet Explorer Platform Preview Guide for Developers, Microsoft 
  2. ^ "track element - track object (Internet Explorer)". Microsoft. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  3. ^ MSDN HTMLMediaError Object for Internet Explorer 9, Microsoft 
  4. ^ "video object". Microsoft. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  5. ^ Jazayeri, Mike (2011-01-14), More about the Chrome HTML Video Codec Change, Google 
  6. ^ McCracken, Harry (2010-03-16), Microsoft Previews the Revamped Internet Explorer 9 Platform, Technologizer 
  7. ^ Branscombe, Mary (2010-03-16), Microsoft previews Internet Explorer 9, TechRadar UK 

Gecko references[edit]

WebKit references[edit]

  1. ^ Pfeiffer, Silvia (2009-12-13), [whatwg] Quality Values for Media Source Elements 
  2. ^ April 2012 HTML5 Media Element & WebAudio – WebKit 
  3. ^ Bug 24364 - Add HTMLMediaElement canPlayType method, WebKit 
  4. ^ Koivisto, Antti (2007-11-12), HTML5 Media Support, WebKit 
  5. ^ Look for "GOOGLE_CHROME_BUILD" 
  6. ^ DiBona, Chris (2009-06-01), [whatwg] Google's use of FFmpeg in Chromium and Chrome Was: Re: MPEG-1 subset proposal for HTML5 video codec, Google 
  7. ^ Origyn Web Browser for MorphOS, Fabian Coeurjoly, retrieved 2010-01-04 
  8. ^ Holwerda, Thom (2010-03-08), Origyn Web Browser 1.7 Supports HTML5 Media, More, OSNews, retrieved 2010-03-08 
  9. ^ HTML Video Codec Support in Chrome, retrieved 2010-01-22 
  10. ^ Bankoski, Jim (2010-05-19), WebM and VP8 land in Chromium, Google 

Presto references[edit]

  1. ^ Pieters, Simon (2010-03-10), Everything you need to know about HTML5 video and audio, Opera 
  2. ^ Jägenstedt, Philip (2009-12-31), (re-)Introducing <video>, Opera, archived from the original on 2010-01-04 
  3. ^ Lie, Håkon Wium (2010-05-19), Welcome, WebM <video>!, Opera, archived from the original on 2011-03-21 
  4. ^ Mills, Chris (2010-05-19), Opera supports the WebM video format, Opera 
  5. ^ Kleinhout, Huib (2010-07-01), Opera 10.60 goes final, Opera, archived from the original on 2010-07-02 

External links[edit]