Comparison of solid-fuelled orbital launch systems

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This page contains the lift launch systems constructed by some solid fuel stages except final stage.

All stages solid fueled[edit]

Vehicle Stage number Origin Manufacturer Height (meter) Diameter (meter) Weight (ton) Mass to
LEO
(kg)
Mass to
Other Orbit
(kg)
Maiden flight Retired Record Status
ASLV 5  India ISRO 24 1 41 150 1987 1994 2/4 Retired
Epsilon
(without PBS)
3  Japan IHI AeroSpace 24.4 2.6 90.8 2016 - 1/1 Active
J-I 2(+1)  Japan NASDA / ISAS 33.1 1.8 88.5 1000 1996 1996 1/1* Retired
Kaituozhe-1 4  China CASIC SSO: 50 2002  ? 0/2
Kuaizhou-11 4  China CASIC  ? 2.2 78 1500 SSO: 1000@700km 2017 - - Development
L-4S 4  Japan Tokyo univ. 16.5 0.735 9.4 26 1966 1970[citation needed] 1/5 Retired
Minotaur I 4  United States Orbital Sciences 19.2 1.67 36.2 580 SSO: 331 2000 - 11/11 Active
Minotaur IV Lite 3  United States Orbital Sciences 23.88[citation needed] 2.34[citation needed] 86.3[citation needed] - 2010 - 2/2* Active
Minotaur IV 4  United States Orbital Sciences 23.88[citation needed] 2.34[citation needed] 86.3[citation needed] 1735[citation needed] 2010 - 1/1 Active
Minotaur IV+ 4  United States Orbital Sciences 23.88 2.34 86.3 1985 2011 - 1/1 Active
Minotaur V 5  United States Orbital Sciences 1.67 GTO:640 TLI:447 2013 - 1/1 Active
M-3C 3  Japan Tokyo univ. 20.2 1.41 41.8 195 1974 1979 3/4 Retired
M-3H 3  Japan Tokyo univ. 23.8 1.41 48.7 300 1977 1978 3/3 Retired
M-3S 3  Japan Tokyo univ. 23.8 1.41 48.7 300 1980 1984 4/4 Retired
M-3SII 3(+1)  Japan ISAS 27.8 1.41 61 770 1985 1995 7/8 Retired
M-4S 4  Japan Tokyo univ. 23.6 1.41 43.6 180 1970 1972 3/4 Retired
M-V 3(+1)  Japan ISAS 30.8 2.5 140 1850 Interplanetary: 500 1997 2006 6/7 Retired
Pegasus 3  United States Orbital Sciences 16.9 1.27 18.5 375 1990 10/11 Active(?)
Pegasus XL 3  United States Orbital Sciences 17.6 1.27 23.13 443 1994 - 29/32 Active
Scout 4(?)  United States NACA 23 1.01 21.5 1961 1994 Retired
Scout-A 4  United States NACA 25 1.01 17.85 Retired
Shavit 3  Israel IAI 15.3[citation needed] 1.352[citation needed] 23.2[citation needed] 160[citation needed] 1988 1990 2/2 Retired
Shavit1 (LK-A) 3  Israel IAI 17.2 1.352 27.3 240 1995 2004 2/4 Retired
Shavit2 (LK-1) 3  Israel IAI 19.5[citation needed] 1.352[citation needed] 31.2[citation needed] 350[citation needed] 2007 - 2/2 Active
SLV 4  India ISRO 22 1 17 40 1979 1983 3/4 Retired
RPS-420 4  Indonesia LAPAN 9.5 0.42 50 (2014) - 0/0 Development
SPARK
(Super Strypi)
3  United States Hawaii, Sandia,
Aerojet Rocketdyne
SSO: 250 2015 - 0/1 Active
SS-520(3-stage) 3  Japan ISAS/JAXA 9.54 0.52 2.6 4 - 2017 - 0/1 Active
Start-1 4  Russia MIT 22.7 1.61 47.2 532 SSO: 167 1993 - 6/6 Active
Taiwan SLV 4  Republic of China NSPO 50 - - 0/0 Development
Taurus 3+1  United States Orbital Sciences 27 2.35 69 1259 SSO: 889 1994 - 5/6 Active ?
Taurus XL 3+1  United States Orbital Sciences 32 2.35 77 1458 SSO: 1054 2004 - 1/3 Active
VLS-1 3  Brazil AEB 19.5[citation needed] 1.01[citation needed] 50.7[citation needed] 380[citation needed] 1997 - 0/2 Development
* Including suborbital mission

Partial liquid fueled[edit]

Vehicle Main stages Origin Manufacturer Height
(meter)
Diameter
(meter)
Weight
(ton)
Mass to… (kg) Maiden
flight
Retired Record Status
Solid Liquid LEO Other orbit
Ares I 1 1  United States Alliant Techsystems / Boeing 94 5.5 25000 (2015) 0/0 Cancelled
Athena I 2 1  United States Lockheed Martin 1995 2001 3/4 Retired
Athena Ic 2 1  United States Lockheed Martin
Alliant Techsystems
(2012) 0/0 Development
Athena II 3 1  United States Lockheed Martin 30.5 2.36 120.2 1896 1998 1999 2/3 Retired
Athena IIc 3 1  United States Lockheed Martin
Alliant Techsystems
(2012) 0/0 Development
Epsilon PBS 3 1  Japan IHI AeroSpace 24.4 2.6 90.8 2013 - 1/1 Active
Kuaizhou-1 3 1  China CASIC 18 1.4 32 ~300 SSO: 430@500km 2013 - 1/1 Active
Kuaizhou-1A 3 1  China CASIC 1.4 30 ~300 SSO: 200@700km 2014 - 2/2 Active
Long March 11 3 1  China 2015 1/1 Active
Minotaur IV HAPS  United States Orbital Sciences 23.88 2.34 86.3 2010 - 1/1 Active
3-stage PSLV 2 1  India ISRO 2.8 500 - - 0/0 Development
Vega 3 1  European Union ESA / ISA 30 3 137 2000(?) SSO: 1500 2012 - 9/9 Active

See also[edit]