Comparison of the Turkic states

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Sovereign Turkic States, with limitedly recognized Northern Cyprus.

This article is a comparison of the Turkic states.

Geography[edit]

AzerbaijanTurkmenistanUzbekistanKyrgyzstanKazakhstanTurkeyEconomic Cooperation OrganizationTurkic CouncilEurasian Economic UnionCommonwealth of Independent StatesCommonwealth of Independent States Free Trade AreaCouncil of Europe
Euler diagram showing the relationships among various supranational organisations in the territory of the Turkic countriesvde
Country Area (km²) Land area (km²) Water area (km²)
Azerbaijan 86,600 86,100 500
Kazakhstan 2,724,900 2,699,700 25,200
Kyrgyzstan 199,951 191,801 8,150
Turkey 783,562 769,632 13,930
Turkmenistan 488,100 469,930 18,170
Uzbekistan 447,400 425,400 22,000

Politics[edit]

Government[edit]

Country Political systems Power source Power structure
Azerbaijan Semi-presidential system Constitutional republic Unitary state
Kazakhstan Presidential system Constitutional republic
Kyrgyzstan Parliamentary System Constitutional republic
Turkey Presidential system Constitutional republic
Turkmenistan Presidential system Constitutional republic under a one-party authoritarian state (de facto)[1]
Uzbekistan Presidential system Constitutional republic under an authoritarian state (de facto)[2]

International organisation membership[edit]

Country  Council of Europe ECHR  NATO OECD  United Nations  WTO  Turkic Council Türksoy  EAEU  CIS SCO  OIC ECO
Azerbaijan 2001 Yes 1994 (PfP) See notes 1992 1997 (Observer) Yes Yes No 1993 2008 (Dialog partner) Yes Yes
Kazakhstan No No 1994 (PfP) See notes 1992 2015 Yes Yes 2015 1994 1996 Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan 2014 (Partner for democracy) No 1994 (PfP) No 1992 1998 Yes Yes 2015 1994 1996 Yes Yes
Turkey 1949 Yes 1952 1961 1945 1995 Yes Yes No No 2012 (Dialog partner) Yes Yes
Turkmenistan No No 1994 (PfP) No 1992 No No Yes No 2005 (Associate) No Yes Yes
Uzbekistan No No 1994 (PfP) No 1992 1994 (Observer) Yes[3] Yes No 1994 2001 Yes Yes
  • Azerbaijan participates in International Transport Forum and Joint OECD/ITF Transport Research Committee and Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes.[4]
  • Kazakhstan signed Memorandum of understanding on 21 December 2018. Participates as a member of the Development Centre and Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes.[5]

Freedom indices[edit]

Country Freedom in the World 2019[6] 2019 Index of Economic Freedom[7] 2019 Press Freedom Index[8] 2018 Democracy Index[9]
 Azerbaijan 5 not free 3 moderately free 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Kazakhstan 5 not free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Kyrgyzstan 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Turkey 5 not free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
 Turkmenistan 5 not free 5 repressed 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Uzbekistan 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime

Economy[edit]

Country GDP total (PPP) GDP per capita (PPP) GDP total (nominal) GDP per capita (nominal) Gini HDI Currency
Azerbaijan $172 billion $17,450 $40.75 billion $4,135 16.6 0.751 Azerbaijani manat
Kazakhstan $477.8 billion $26,491 $159.4 billion $9,030 27.5 0.8 Kazakhstani tenge
Kyrgyzstan $23.15 billion $3,735 $7.565 billion $1,220 27.3 0.672 Kyrgyzstani som
Turkey $2,261 billion $28,002 $851.1 billion $10,546 41.9 0.761 Turkish lira
Turkmenistan $103.8 billion $18,031 $42.36 billion $6,586 40.8 0.706 Turkmenistan manat
Uzbekistan $222.8 billion $6,880 $48.72 billion $1,533 36.7 0.71 Uzbekistani soʻm

Demographics[edit]

Country Population Density (per km²) Immigration (per 1000 people)
Azerbaijan 10,000,000 115 0
Kazakhstan 18,037,646 7 0.4
Kyrgyzstan 6,201,500 27.4 -5.1
Turkey 82,003,882 105 -4.5
Turkmenistan 5,125,693 10.5 -1.8
Uzbekistan 32,387,200 74.1 -2.1

Telecommunication[edit]

Country Internet TLD ISO 3166 code Calling code
Azerbaijan .az AZ +994
Kazakhstan .kz .қаз KZ +7-6xx, +7-7xx
Kyrgyzstan .kg KG +996
Turkey .tr TR +90
Turkmenistan .tm TM +993
Uzbekistan .uz UZ +998

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Central Asia :: Turkmenistan — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  2. ^ "Central Asia :: Uzbekistan — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  3. ^ "STATEMENT OF THE SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE TURKIC COUNCIL ON THE MEMBERSHIP OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN AT THE TURKIC COUNCIL | News". Türk Keneşi. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  4. ^ "Countries - OECD Eurasia Regional Platform". www.oecd.org. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  5. ^ "Countries - OECD Eurasia Regional Platform". www.oecd.org. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  6. ^ [1], Freedom House, January 2019. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  7. ^ Heritage Foundation (2019). "Country Rankings". 2019 Index of Economic Freedom.
  8. ^ "Press Freedom Index 2019", Reporters Without Borders, April 2019.
  9. ^ [2] Archived 2019-01-17 at perma-archives.org [Error: unknown archive URL], Economist, 31 January 2019. Retrieved 14 May 2019.