Comparison of user interface markup languages

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The following tables compare general and technical information for some user interface markup languages. Please see the individual markup languages' articles for further information.

General information[edit]

Basic general information about the markup languages: creator, version, etc.

Creator License First public release date Latest stable version development environment Runtime environment
avg Ulrich von Zadow Free, LGPL 2003 1.0.0 text editor or Eclipse Python
FXML Oracle Corporation ? October 2011 Netbeans JavaFX
GladeXML GNOME Free, LGPL April 1998 2.10.0 Glade GTK+
GNUstep Renaissance GNUstep Free, LGPL April 2001 (base) 0.9.0 Gorm, ProjectCenter [1] GNUstep
LZX Laszlo Systems Free, CPL July 2003 4.9 optional (e.g., text editor, Eclipse IDE available) Flash Player 5 or above, DHTML, Java ME announced
MXML Adobe Systems Free, MPL 1.1 March 2004 2.0.1 Adobe Flex [1] or free Flex 3 SDK [2] Flash Player 9 or above
Qt Designer Qt Project,
The Qt Company
Free, LGPL ? 5.9 Qt Designer Qt
QuiX inno:script Proprietary, commercial June 2005 0.5 Quill UI Designer Internet Explorer, Mozilla based browsers
UIML OASIS ? December 1997 ? various jUIML, UIML.Net, various
Vexi [3] Vexi opensource group Free, GPL, LGPL April 2004 3.0 optional (e.g., text editor) Internet Explorer, Mozilla based browsers, Opera, Chrome, Native Java environments
XAML Microsoft Free, Ms-PL November 2006 v2009[2] optional (e.g., text editor), Microsoft Expression Blend, Microsoft Expression Design, Visual Studio 2008, Vectropy .NET Framework 3.0 or above (formerly WinFX), XBAPs for WPF and plugins for Silverlight in internet browsers
XRC wxWidgets Free, wxWindows Library[3] ? wxWidgets 2.8.12 optional (e.g., text editor), wxGlade, XRCed, wxDesigner, DialogBlocks wxWidgets-based applications
XUL Mozilla Foundation Free, MPL December 1998 1.0[4] optional (e.g., text editor) Gecko-based applications
XAL Nexaweb Proprietary, commercial January 2000 4.5 optional (e.g., text editor, Eclipse IDE available) Java JRE 1.1 and up, MSJVM, DHTML
XFD (user interface) Abbott Informatics ? 2004 JScript .NET, JavaScript STARLIMS v 10-11
XForms World Wide Web Consortium Free, W3C 14 March 2006 1.0[5] optional (e.g., text editor) Many implementations in browsers, plug-ins, extensions, and servers
ZUML Potix free, GPL, commercial November 2005 2.4.0 text editor or Eclipse Ajax ZK Framework
Creator License First public release date Latest stable version development environment Runtime environment


Some features of the markup languages.

Programming language Treatment Web standard
GladeXML C, C++, C#, Python, Ada, Pike, Perl, PHP, Eiffel, Ruby, D Interpreted, compiled for some languages (deprecated) XML
GNUstep Renaissance Objective-C Compiled, dynamic binding XML
LZX XML, ECMAScript Compiled XML, ECMAScript, CSS, XPath
MXML ActionScript Compiled XML, ECMAScript, CSS
Qt/QML C++, JavaScript (Plus many more by third party support) Compiled, interpreted XML
QuiX JavaScript Interpreted XML, CSS, JavaScript
UIML Various Various ?
XAML Browser (Silverlight); JavaScript, IronPython, IronRuby, C#, VB.NET, C++/CLI, and J# among others. Interpreted, compiled XML, XPath, DOM, JavaScript
XRC C++, Python (wxPython), Perl (wxPerl), C# and other .NET languages (wx.NET), Erlang (wxErlang) Various XML
XUL JavaScript, Python, C++, Java, Perl Interpreted, compiled (C++) XML, CSS, DTD, RDF, XPath, XSLT, DOM, JavaScript (ECMAScript)
ZUML Java, JavaScript, Ruby, Groovy and Python Interpreted, compiled XML, XHTML, CSS
Programming language Treatment Web standard

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Microsoft Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML) technical documentation set
  3. ^ "wxWindows Library Licence". Archived from the original on 2010-07-02. Retrieved 2007-08-02.
  4. ^ XUL 1.0 specification
  5. ^ XForms 1.0 second edition