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Compartmentalization (fire protection)

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A firewall installed between substation transformers

Compartmentalization in structures, such as land-based buildings, traffic tunnels, ships, aerospace vehicles, or submarines, is an objective of passive fire protection, in which a structure is divided into fire compartments, which may contain single or multiple rooms, for the purpose of limiting the spread of fire, smoke and flue gases, in order to enable the three goals of fire protection:

  • life safety
  • property protection
  • continuity of operations

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