Competition Act

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Not to be confused with Competition Act 2002.

The Competition Act is a Canadian federal law governing competition law in Canada. The Act contains both criminal and civil provisions aimed at preventing anti-competitive practices in the marketplace. The Act is enforced and administered by the Competition Bureau.


The first legislation in Canada dealing with competition was first introduced in 1889.[1] The legislation prohibited conspiracies and agreements by businesses in restraint of trade.[1] Inspired by the American Sherman Antitrust Act, the legislation was mostly incorporated into the Canadian Criminal Code two years later.[1] In 1912, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that the purpose of the legislation was protect the public interest in free competition.[1] The provisions remained in the Criminal Code until 1960, when the federal government introduced the Combines Investigation Act.[1]

In 1986, the legislation was again amended and renamed the Competition Act by the conservative government of Brian Mulroney.[2][1]


The administration and enforcement of the Competition Act is done by the Competition Bureau,[3] which is also responsible for the administration and enforcement of the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Textile Labelling Act and the Precious Metals Marking Act.

Competition Tribunal[edit]

The Competition Tribunal is a specialized administrative body that has exclusive jurisdiction to hear certain competition matters.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Goldman, Calvin S.; Bodrug, J. D. (2013-12-01). Competition Law of Canada. Juris Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9781578230969. 
  2. ^ J. Trebilcock, Michael (2003). The Law and Economics of Canadian Competition Policy. University of Toronto Press. p. 22. ISBN 0802086128. 
  3. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada, Office of the Deputy Minister, Competition Bureau. "Our Organization - Competition Bureau". Retrieved 2016-01-07. 
  4. ^ Harris, H. Stephen (2001-01-01). Competition Laws Outside the United States. American Bar Association. ISBN 9781570738814. 

External links[edit]