Royallieu-Compiègne internment camp
The Royallieu-Compiègne was an internment and deportation camp located in the north of France in the city of Compiègne, open from June 1941 to August 1944. French resistance fighters and Jews were among some of the prisoners held in this camp. It is estimated that around 40,000 people were deported from the Royallieu-Compiègne camp to other camps in the German territory of the time.
A memorial of the camp, and another along the railway tracks commemorates the tragedy.
Before World War II, this site was home to French army barracks. Previously, the site housed the signing of an armistice that displayed the victory of French forces in World War I on November 11, 1918.
World War II
This site witnessed its second armistice. This time, the site housed the signing of the occupation of France by German forces. This camp on June 22, 1940, became the only fully German run camp within French territories. In June 1941 the camp was fully functioning as an internment camp. The camp's prisoners were made up of 70 percent political prisoners, 12 percent Jews, and 8 percent high ranking French civil servants. Overwhelmingly the camp held resisters to Vichy France, the puppet government set up by Nazi supporters.
The camp's main function was as a deport base. The main camp that Royallieu-Compiègne deported to was Auschwitz among various other concentration camps. On March 27, 1942, the camp made its first round of Jewish deportations to Auschwitz.
The camp's records are not maintained well due to the actual number of detainees never being recorded precisely. For example, there is a record of the number of detainees transported in one cable car as a "guess". The camp was only in full use for three years: 1941–1944.
After World War II
The camp was shut down after the liberation of France. Visitors were not allowed until the opening of the memorial in early 2008.
On February 23, 2008, a memorial to internment and deportation (Mémorial de l'internement et de la déportation Camp de Royallieu) was opened on the site of the former internment and deportation camp of Compiègne.
The memorial site consists of a physical tour of the ground as well as educational tours of the individual rooms and barracks that the grounds consist of. As the site's memorial developed, it came to include a wall of names with those who were recorded as having been detained at the grounds as well as an escape route and a Garden of Remembrance.
- "Royallieu-Compiègne internment camp". RouteYou. Retrieved 2017-04-27.
- "Le Mémorial de l'internement et de la déportation - camp de Royallieu - Galerie de photographies". www.memorial-compiegne.fr (in French). Retrieved 2017-04-27.
- "The Internment and Deportation Memorial at Royallieu". Memorial Museums.
- "Compiègne, A Place to Remember... - L'Humanité in English". www.humaniteinenglish.com. Retrieved 2017-04-27.
- "Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database -- Berichtigungen [ ] Sondertransport v. Compiegne v. [ ].2.44". www.ushmm.org. Retrieved 2017-04-27.
- "Présentation: Inauguration du Mémorial de l'internement et de la déportation". Mémorial de l'internement et de la déportation Camp de Royallieu (in French). 2016-02-16. Retrieved 2020-06-19.
- Mémorial de l'internement et de la déportation Camp de Royallieu – Official website (in French)