|Intercommunality||Région de Compiègne|
|Area1||53.1 km2 (20.5 sq mi)|
|• Density||750/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||60159 / 60200|
|Elevation||31–134 m (102–440 ft)
(avg. 41 m or 135 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Compiègne is the seat of three cantons
- Compiègne-Nord (with 5 communes)
- Compiègne-Sud-Est (with 4 communes)
- Compiègne-Sud-Ouest (with 5 communes)
- 665 - Saint Wilfrid was consecrated Bishop of York. Wilfrid refused to be consecrated in Northumbria at the hands of Anglo-Saxon bishops. Deusdedit, Archbishop of Canterbury, had died, and as there were no other bishops in Britain whom Wilfrid considered to have been validly consecrated, he travelled to Compiègne, to be consecrated by Agilbert, the Bishop of Paris.
- 23 May 1430 - During the Hundred Years' War, Joan of Arc was captured by the Burgundians while attempting to free Compiègne. They then sold her to the English.
- 1624 - Compiègne gave its name to the Treaty of Compiègne, a treaty of alliance concluded by Cardinal Richelieu with the Dutch.
- 1630 - Marie de' Medici's attempts to displace Richelieu ultimately led to her exile to Compiègne, from where she escaped to Brussels in 1631.
- 11 November 1918 - The Armistice with Germany (Compiègne), agreed at Le Francport near Compiègne, ends fighting of World War I
- 22 June 1940 - Another Armistice with France (Second Compiègne) was signed between Nazi Germany and the defeated France in Le Francport, near Compiègne, in the same place as in 1918, in the same railroad carriage, but with the seats swapped.
- 1941 - During the Nazi occupation of France, the Compiègne internment camp was established in Compiègne. A memorial of the camp, and another along the railway tracks, commemorate the tragedy.
- 1972 - Creation of the University of Technology of Compiègne
- 2004 - The Communauté de Communes de la Région de Compiègne becomes a partner in a European Union INTERREG IIIb project called SAND (see link below)
- 1882: 13,393
- 1990: 41,663 (municipal), 44,703 (total)
- 1999: 41,076 (municipal), 44,703 (total), 69,903 (agglomeration), urban (108,234)
- Château de Compiègne - the castle itself, and museums of the Second French Empire and of motoring and tourism within its walls
- Musée Antoine Vivenel
- Museum of historic figurines
- Memorial of internment and deportation
The Glade of the Armistice in the Compiègne Forest was the site of the signing of two armistices; the 1918 Armistice with Germany and the 1940 Armistice with France. Hitler specifically chose the location, and had the original signing carriage moved from Paris to Compiègne, as an irony for the defeated French. The site still houses several memorials to the 1918 armistice, including a copy of the original railway carriage. The original, after use in the 1940 armistice was moved to Berlin as a trophy of Nazi triumph. The railway carriage was later taken to Crawinkel in Thuringia in 1945, where it was destroyed by SS troops and the remains buried. A replica now stands at the original site.
The University of Technology of Compiègne
Compiègne is home to the famous University of Technology of Compiègne (UTC), one of the top ranking engineering school in France, founded as a Technology University in 1972 to provide an alternative to the traditional "grandes écoles" for students interested in technologies and applied science.
Compiègne was the birthplace of:
- Roscellinus (~1050 - ~1122), philosopher and theologian, often regarded as the founder of Nominalism
- Pierre d'Ailly (1350–1420), theologian and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
- Albert Robida (1848–1926), illustrator, etcher, lithographer, caricaturist, and novelist
- Eugène Albertini (1880–1941), teacher in Latin literature, historian of ancient Rome, and epigrapher of Latin texts
- Marcel Tabuteau (1887–1966), Oboist, regarded as the founder of American oboe playing.
- Suzanne Lenglen (1899–1938), tennis player, international female sport star
Twin towns – Sister cities
Compiègne is twinned with:
Compiègne is also partnered with:
- Communes of the Oise department
- Dialogues of the Carmelites
- Martyrs of Compiegne
- Monument aux morts (Oise)
- Siege of Compiègne
- Timeline of deportations of French Jews to death camps
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Compiègne". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 811.
- 1900 Summer Olympics official report. p. 15. Accessed 14 November 2010. (French)
- "Elbląg - Podstrony / Miasta partnerskie". Elbląski Dziennik Internetowy (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2011-03-15. Retrieved 2013-08-01.
- "Elbląg - Miasta partnerskie". Elbląg.net (in Polish). Retrieved 2013-08-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Compiègne.|
- City council website (in French)
- Le musée du château/The Château museum
- SAND Project site
- Memorial to Nazi/French Internment Camp and Deportations During WW2
- Steven Lehrer's Compiègne site
- Universite de Technologie de Compiegne
- Joan of Arc Captured At Compiegne
- Cultural Association defending the Death-Rap values
- customized transport in compiègne
- Concerts in Compiègne
||Clairoix, Choisy-au-Bac and Margny-lès-Compiègne|
|Jaux, Venette||Saint-Jean-aux-Bois and Vieux-Moulin|