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Compile (company)

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Compile Co., Ltd
Native name
Kabushikigaisha Konpairu
Privately held limited company
Industry Video game industry
Fate Bankruptcy, trademark and intellectual property acquired by Compile Heart, Puyo Puyo franchise acquired by Sega.
Predecessor Programmers-3, Inc.
Successor Compile Heart
Founded 7 April 1982 (1982-04-07)
Founder Masamitsu Niitani
Defunct 6 November 2003 (2003-11-06)
Headquarters Japan
Products Madou Monogatari
Puyo Puyo

Compile Co., Ltd. (株式会社コンパイル, Kabushikigaisha Konpairu) was a Japanese video game developer, most notable for having developed the Puyo Puyo series, a franchise derived from the Madou Monogatari series. On 6 November, 2003, the company suffered from bankruptcy. As a result, key staff moved to Compile Heart, the company's spiritual successor, whereas shoot-'em-up staff moved to MileStone Inc.[1] The Compile trademark is currently being used as a brand label by Compile Heart to promote merchandise and games based on Compile properties.[2]

In April 2016, Niitani started a new successor company to Compile, COMPILE〇. The company launched the game Nyoki Nyoki: Tabidachi Hen for Nintendo 3DS on the Nintendo eShop with a follow-up scheduled for Nintendo Switch.

Puyo Puyo

Compile debuted their most successful title, Puyo Puyo, on the MSX computer in 1991. Puyo Puyo is a falling-block puzzle game similar to Tetris (1984). The object of the game is to create groups of four or more "Puyos" of the same color as they fall from the top of the screen. This simple yet addictive concept was expanded on in a series of sequels over the course of two decades.

Puyo Puyo reached North America and the PAL region in graphically altered form under the title of Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine for the Mega Drive/Genesis, as well as on the Super Nintendo (as Kirby's Avalanche in North America and Kirby's Ghost Trap in the PAL region). However, the series' unaltered appearance was Puyo Pop, a title used for games that were released on the PC Engine, Neo Geo Pocket Color and Game Boy Advance.

As part of Compile's restructuring in 1998, the rights to Puyo Puyo were sold to Sega, but Compile's franchise right would remain until their bankruptcy in 2002, thus allowing Sega to publish Puyo Puyo~n and Puyo Puyo BOX. Later Puyo Puyo games were developed by Sonic Team, who created Puyo Pop Fever.

Shoot 'em ups

Until 1993, Compile focused much of their development efforts on the shoot 'em up genre. In the 1990s, a few Compile personnel left the company to work for another video game development company, 8ing/Raizing (est. 1993). There they contributed to such games as Mahou Daisakusen (1993) and Battle Garegga (1996).

Some employees who stayed with Compile until its end reincorporated as MileStone Inc. in April 2003, and continued to develop new shooters.

Some of Compile's most famous shoot-'em-up games include:

First released on the MSX computer in 1986, Zanac combined fast action with an innovative AI system, which changes based on your style of play. Zanac received a true sequel, Zanac EX and an NES port. There was also a parody of Zanac called Gun*Nac, released by Nexoft for the NES in 1991. Similar to Konami's own Parodius games, Gun Nac brought humor to the gameplay of the original by replacing the enemies with carrot-throwing rabbits and letting the player purchase weapons in a fast food store at the end of each stage. In 2001, Compile released an updated version for the PlayStation titled Zanac X Zanac, which included an original sequel entitled Zanac Neo.
Aleste was first released on the MSX2 and then ported to the Master System. A sequel, Aleste 2, was also released for the MSX2. Musha Aleste (titled M.U.S.H.A. in the US) was released on the Mega Drive in 1990. The game takes place in a unique Japanese futuristic setting. Super Aleste came out in 1992 for the Super Famicom and was retitled Space Megaforce in North America. Aleste is now available on cellular phones, courtesy of Aiky.
Gunhed (retitled Blazing Lazers for North America) was released in 1989 and soon became a showpiece for NEC's PC Engine console.
Developed jointly by Compile and Naxat Soft under the common label Nazac, Seirei Senshi Spriggan and Spriggan Mark 2 were respectively released in 1991 and 1992 for the PC Engine CD-ROM system.

Games developed

Note: Games marked with a dagger are conversions of a pre-existing version of a game as opposed to being natively developed.

Year Title Publisher Platform(s)
1983 Borderline Sega SG-1000
1983 N-Sub Sega SG-1000
1983 Safari Hunting Sega SG-1000
1984 A.E. Toshiba EMI FM-7, MSX, PC-88
1984 Hustle Chumy Sega
MSX, SG-1000
1984 Lode Runner Sony MSX
1984 Crisis Mountain Comptiq PC-88
1984 Mr. Robot and His Robot Factory Comptiq PC-88
1984 The Heist Comptiq PC-88
1984 E.I. - Exa Innova Sony MSX
1985 Championship Lode Runner Sony SG-1000
1985 Final Justice Pony Canyon MSX
1985 Lode Runner II Sony MSX
1985 Swing Pony Canyon MSX
1985 Choplifter Sony MSX
1985 C-So! Pony Canyon MSX, SG-1000
1985 Lunar Ball Pony Canyon Arcade, MSX, Nintendo Entertainment System, PC-88
1986 Gulkave Pony Canyon MSX, SG-1000
1986 Guardic Compile MSX
1986 Zanac Pony Canyon MSX, Nintendo Entertainment System, Palm OS
1986 Zanac EX Pony Canyon MSX2
1986 Thexder Game Arts MSX
1986 Champion Billiards Sega SG-1000
1987 Golvellius: Valley of Doom Compile MSX, Sega Master System
1987 Jagur-5: Golden Triangle Hudson Soft MSX
1987 Ghostbusters Sega Sega Master System
1987 City Adventure Touch: Mystery of Triangle Toho Nintendo Entertainment System
1987 Legacy of the Wizard Nihon Falcom Nintendo Entertainment System
1987 Romancia: Dragon Slayer Jr. Nihon Falcom Nintendo Entertainment System
1987 Parlour Games Sega Arcade, Sega Master System
1988 Power Strike Compile MSX, Sega Master System
1988 Disk Station #0 Compile MSX
1988 Randar no Bouken Kemsx MSX
1988 R-Type Irem Sega Master System
1988 The Guardian Legend Irem Nintendo Entertainment System
1988 Tombs & Treasure Tokyo Shoseki Nintendo Entertainment System
1988 Alien Crush Naxat Soft PC Engine SuperGrafx
1988 Godzilla: Monster of Monsters Toho Nintendo Entertainment System
1988 Xevious: Fardraut Saga Namco MSX
1989 Blazing Lazers Hudson Soft TurboGrafx-16
1989 Casino Games Sega Sega Master System
1989 Aleste Gaiden Compile MSX
1989 Aleste 2 Compile MSX
1989 Rune Master Compile MSX, Microsoft Windows
1989 Randar II: Revenge of Death Compile MSX
1990 Gun-Nac Tonkin House Nintendo Entertainment System
1990 Rune Master II Compile MSX
1990 Columns Telenet Japan MSX
1990 M.U.S.H.A. Toaplan Sega Genesis
1990 Godzilla Toho Game Boy
1990 Ghostbusters Sega Sega Genesis
1990 Devil's Crush Naxat Soft PC Engine SuperGrafx
1990 Randar no Bouken III: Yami ni Miserareta Majutsushi Compile MSX
1990 Madou Monogatari 1-2-3 Compile MSX, PC-98
1990 Xevious: Faurdraut Saga Namco TurboGrafx-16
1990 Cyber Knight Tonkin House TurboGrafx-16
1991 Warau Salesman Compile MSX2, NEC PC-9801
1991 Gorby no Pipeline Daisakusen Tokuma Shoten FM Towns, MSX, Nintendo Entertainment System
1991 Dragon Quiz Compile MSX
1991 Rune Master: War among Three Empires Compile MSX
1991 Seirei Senshi Spriggan Naxat Soft TurboGrafx CD
1991 Puyo Puyo Compile
Tokuma Shoten
MSX, Famicom Disk System, Nintendo Entertainment System
1991 GG Aleste Compile Game Gear
1992 Disc Saga: Iraisha wa Monster? Compile PC-98
1992 Disc Saga: Yukemuri ni Kieta Bijotachi Yume no Naka e Rendezvous Compile PC-98
1992 Disc Saga: Nagisa no Baka Taishō Compile PC-98
1992 Space Megaforce Toho Super Nintendo Entertainment System
1992 Spriggan Mark 2 Naxat Soft TurboGrafx CD
1992 Shiki Oni no Koku: Chūgokuhen – Daiisshō Compile PC-98
1992 Shiki Oni no Koku: Chūgokuhen – Dainishō Compile PC-98
1992 Shiki Oni no Koku: Chūgokuhen – Daisanshō Compile PC-98
1992 Puyo Puyo Sega Arcade, Game Gear, Sega Genesis
1992 Puyo Puyo Compile FM Towns, Game Boy, Macintosh, PC-98, Sharp X68000, Super Nintendo Entertainment System, TurboGrafx CD, Microsoft Windows
1992 Shiki Oni no Koku: Chūgokuhen – Daiyonshō Compile PC-98
1992 Robo Aleste Compile Sega CD
1992 Super Aleste Toho Super Nintendo Entertainment System
1992 Jaki Crush Naxat Soft Super Nintendo Entertainment System
1993 Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine Sega Game Gear, Sega Genesis, Sega Master System, Microsoft Windows
1993 Power Strike II Sega Sega Master System
1993 Madou Monogatari A.R.S Compile PC-98
1993 Power Strike II Sega Game Gear
1993 Nazo Puyo Sega Game Gear, PC-98
1993 Warau Salesman Compile Sega CD
1993 Sylphia Tonkin House TurboGrafx CD
1993 Madou Monogatari I: 3tsu no Madoukyuu Sega Game Gear, Sega Genesis, TurboGrafx CD
1993 Nazo Puyo 2 Sega Game Gear
1994 Madō Monogatari: Michikusa Ibun Compile PC-98
1994 Gensei Fūkyō Den Compile PC-98
1994 Madou Monogatari II: Arle 16-Sai Sega Game Gear
1994 Nazo Puyo Arle no Roux Sega Game Gear
1994 Puyo Puyo Tsu Sega Arcade, Game Boy, Game Gear, Sega Genesis, Macintosh, Neo Geo Pocket Color, PC-98, PlayStation, Sega Saturn, Super Nintendo Entertainment System, TurboGrafx CD, WonderSwan
1994 Madou Monogatari III: Kyuukyoku Joou-sama Sega Game Gear
1995 Wind's Seed Compile PC-98
1995 Gensei Kaitō Den Compile PC-98
1995 Gensei Kitan: Disc Saga III Compile PC-98
1995 Kirby's Avalanche Nintendo Super Nintendo Entertainment System
1995 Super Nazo Puyo: Rulue no Roux Banpresto Super Nintendo Entertainment System
1995 Madō Monogatari A: Dokidoki Vacation Compile Game Gear
1996 Madō Monogatari: Hanamaru Daiyōchienji Tokuma Shoten Super Nintendo Entertainment System
1996 Rude Breaker Compile PC-9800
1996 Shadowrun Compile Sega CD
1996 Super Nazo Puyo 2: Rulue no Tetsuwan Hanjouki Compile Super Nintendo Entertainment System
1996 Puyo Puyo Sun Compile Arcade, Game Boy Color, Nintendo 64, PlayStation, Sega Saturn, Microsoft Windows
1997 Tales of the Float Land Compile Microsoft Windows
1998 Madou Monogatari Sega Sega Saturn
1998 Waku Waku Puyo Puyo Dungeon Compile Sega Saturn
1998 Comet Summoner Sega Microsoft Windows
1998 Mystic Arts Compile Microsoft Windows
1999 Puyo Puyo DA! Compile Dreamcast
1999 Puyo Puyo~n Sega Dreamcast, Game Boy Color, Nintendo 64, PlayStation
1999 Puyo Puyo Gaiden: Puyo Wars Compile Game Boy Color
1999 DiscStation Bessatsu i miss you. Compile Sega Saturn
2000 Puyo Puyo Box Compile PlayStation
2000 Arle no Bouken: Mahou no Jewel Compile Game Boy Color
2000 Wander Wonder Compile Microsoft Windows
2001 Zanac X Zanac Compile PlayStation
2001 Guru Logi Champ Compile Game Boy Advance
2003 Pochi and Nyaa Taito Arcade


External links