Complex differential equation
Constructing integrals involves choice of what path to take, which means singularities and branch points of the equation need to be studied. Analytic continuation is used to generate new solutions and this means topological considerations such as monodromy, coverings and connectedness are to be taken into account.
Generalizations include partial differential equations in several complex variables, or differential equations on complex manifolds. Also there are at least a couple of ways of studying complex difference equations: either study holomorphic functions which satisfy functional relations given by the difference equation or study discrete analogs of holomorphicity such as monodiffric functions. Also integral equations can be studied in the complex domain.
Some of the early contributors to the theory of complex differential equations include: Pierre Boutroux, Paul Painlevé, Lazarus Fuchs, Henri Poincaré, David Hilbert, George David Birkhoff, Kōsaku Yosida, Hans Wittich, Charles Briot, Jean Claude Bouquet, Johannes Malmquist.
- Frobenius method
- Heun's equation
- Hypergeometric differential equation
- Riemann's differential equation
- Riemann–Hilbert problem
- Riemann–Hilbert correspondence
- Schwarzian derivative
- Knizhnik–Zamolodchikov equations
- Eremenko, A. (1982). "Meromorphic solutions of algebraic differential equations" (PDF). Russian mathematical Surveys. 37: 61–94.
- So-Chin Chen; Mei-Chi Shaw (2002). Partial Differential Equations in Several Complex Variables. American Mathematical Society. ISBN 978-0-8218-2961-5.
- Complex Difference Equations of Malmquist Type Archived 2005-08-25 at the Wayback Machine.
- An Introduction to complex functions on product of two time scales
- Analytic solutions to integral equations in the complex domain
- Einar Hille (1976). Ordinary Differential Equations in the Complex Domain. Wiley. ISBN 0-471-39964-7., reprinted by Dover, 1997.
- E. Ince (1926). Ordinary Differential Equations. Dover., reprinted by Dover, 2003.
- Gromak, Laine, Shimomura (2002). Painlevé Differential Equations in the Complex Plane. de Gruyter. ISBN 3-11-017379-4.
- Ilpo Laine (1992). Nevanlinna Theory and Complex Differential Equations. de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-013422-3.
- Niels Erik Nörlund (1924). Vorlesungen uber Differenzenrechnung. Springer., reprinted by Chelsea 1954