Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984
|Other short titles|
|Long title||An Act entitled the Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984.|
|Nicknames||Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1983|
|Enacted by||the 98th United States Congress|
|Effective||October 12, 1984|
|Statutes at Large||98 Stat. 1837 aka 98 Stat. 1976|
|Titles amended||18 U.S.C.: Crimes and Criminal Procedure|
|U.S.C. sections amended||18 U.S.C. ch. 1 § 1 et seq.|
The Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984 (Pub.L. 98–473, S. 1762, 98 Stat. 1976, enacted October 12, 1984) was the first comprehensive revision of the U.S. criminal code since the early 1900s. It was sponsored by Strom Thurmond (R-SC) in the Senate and by Hamilton Fish IV (R-NY) in the House and was eventually incorporated into an appropriations bill that passed with a vote of 78-11 in the Senate and 252-60 in the House. It was then signed into law by President Ronald Reagan. Among its constituent parts and provisions were:
- Armed Career Criminal Act
- Sentencing Reform Act which created the United States Sentencing Commission, intended to standardize sentencing
- extension of the United States Secret Service's jurisdiction over credit card fraud and computer fraud
- increased federal penalties for cultivation, possession, or transfer of marijuana
- a new section in the criminal code for hostage taking
- abolished parole for federal prisoners convicted after November 1, 1987
- made several new offenses federal crimes, including arson, murder-for-hire, trademark violations, credit card fraud, and computer crime
- Stipulations about using civil forfeiture to seize assets of organized crime, establishing "equitable sharing."
- Thurmond, Strom (1984-09-25). "S.1762 - 98th Congress (1983-1984): Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
- Fish, Hamilton (1984-09-25). "H.R.5963 - 98th Congress (1983-1984): Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
- Whitten, Jamie L. (1984-10-12). "Actions - H.J.Res.648 - 98th Congress (1983-1984): A joint resolution making continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 1985, and for other purposes". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
- Whitten, Jamie L. (1984-10-12). "H.J.Res.648 - 98th Congress (1983-1984): A joint resolution making continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 1985, and for other purposes". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
- (PDF) https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/uspc/legacy/2009/10/07/history.pdf. Missing or empty
- https://www.nytimes.com/1984/11/16/us/justice-department-getting-out-the-word-on-the-new-crime-act.html. Missing or empty
- JOHN ENDERS (ASSOCIATED PRESS) (April 18, 1993). "Forfeiture Law Casts a Shadow on Presumption of Innocence : Legal system: Government uses the statute to seize money and property believed to be linked to narcotics trafficking. But critics say it short-circuits the Constitution". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
....Prosecutors and law enforcement officials insist the program, included in the Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984, is helping them fight the drug war. ... seizures hurt dealers where it counts--in the pocketbook....
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