Comprehensive National Power
This article needs to be updated.(September 2020)
Comprehensive National Power (CNP) (Chinese: 综合国力; pinyin: zōnghé guólì) is a putative measure, important in the contemporary political thought of the People's Republic of China, of the general power of a nation-state. CNP can be calculated numerically by combining various quantitative indices to create a single number held to measure the power of a nation-state. These indices take into account both military factors (known as hard power) and economic and cultural factors (known as soft power).
A fairly simplistic and effective index was developed by Chin-Lung Chang. It uses critical mass, economic capacity and military capacity. Due to its indicators, it is often repeatable and easy to define, making it comparable to the Human Development Index in understanding and reliability.
The book "Comprehensive National Power- A Model for India", a project of United Service Institution of India explains how CNP is calculated and also shows various methods of calculation with various tables, charts, diagrams.
National Strategic Resources
Michael Porter lists five major resources, that is, physical, human, infrastructure, knowledge and capital resources. Accordingly, the national strategic resources are divided into eight categories, with 23 indictors. Those categories constitute CNP:
- Economic resources
- Natural resources
- Capital resources
- Knowledge and Technology resources
- Government resources
- Military resources
- International resources
- Cultural resources
|Rank||Economic||Natural||Capital||Knowledge and Technology||Government||Military||International||Cultural|
|1||United States||Russia||Singapore||Japan||Denmark||United States||United States||Italy|
|2||China||United States||Japan||United States||Sweden||Russia||Russia||France|
|3||India||Saudi Arabia||South Korea||South Korea||Norway||China||China||Greece|
|7||Indonesia||Brazil||Australia||United Kingdom||Netherlands||South Korea||Japan||Mexico|
|9||United Kingdom||Iraq||Netherlands||China||Germany||Turkey||Saudi Arabia||Thailand|
- Bajwa, J.S (Summer 2008). "Defining Elements of Comprehensive National Power" (PDF). CLAWS Journal.
- https://fas.org/nuke/guide/china/doctrine/pills2/index.html – China Debates the Future Security Environment
- The Rising of Modern China: Comprehensive National Power and Grand Strategy
- Powermetrics Information Network