Comprehensive National Power

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Comprehensive National Power (CNP) (Chinese: 综合国力; pinyin: zōnghé guólì) is a putative measure, important in the contemporary political thought of the People's Republic of China, of the general power of a nation-state. CNP can be calculated numerically by combining various quantitative indices to create a single number held to measure the power of a nation-state.[citation needed] These indices take into account both military factors (known as hard power) and economic and cultural factors (known as soft power).

A fairly simplistic and effective index was developed by Chin-Lung Chang. It uses critical mass, economic capacity and military capacity. Due to its indicators, it is often repeatable and easy to define, making it comparable to the Human Development Index in understanding and reliability.[1]

The book "Comprehensive National Power- A Model for India", a project of United Service Institution of India explains how CNP is calculated and also shows various methods of calculation with various tables, charts, diagrams.[2]

National Strategic Resources[edit]

Michael Porter lists five major resources, that is, physical, human, infrastructure, knowledge and capital resources. Accordingly, the national strategic resources are divided into eight categories, with 23 indictors.[3] Those categories constitute CNP:[4]

  • Economic resources
  • Natural resources
  • Capital resources
  • Knowledge and Technology resources
  • Government resources
  • Military resources
  • International resources
  • Cultural resources
Comparing the top 10 countries for each ranking in 2020
Rank Economic Natural Capital Knowledge and Technology Government Military International Cultural
1 United States Russia Singapore Japan Denmark United States United States Italy
2 China United States Japan United States Sweden Russia Russia France
3 India Saudi Arabia South Korea South Korea Norway China China Greece
4 Japan Canada Russia Russia Finland India Germany Russia
5 Germany Iran Finland Germany Australia France United Kingdom Spain
6 Russia China Ireland Israel New Zealand Japan France India
7 Indonesia Brazil Australia United Kingdom Netherlands South Korea Japan Mexico
8 Brazil Australia Canada Canada Austria United Kingdom Israel Turkey
9 United Kingdom Iraq Netherlands China Germany Turkey Saudi Arabia Thailand
10 France Venezuela Sweden Finland Japan Germany South Korea Japan

See also[edit]


Works cited[edit]

  • Bajwa, J.S (Summer 2008). "Defining Elements of Comprehensive National Power" (PDF). CLAWS Journal.

External links[edit]