Medieval church of the ecclesiastical parish of Compton, dedicated to St Mary and St Nicholas
Fields of barley with narrow roadside hedgerows cover a large portion of Compton.
|Area||15.02 km2 (5.80 sq mi)|
|Population||1,571 (2011 census)|
|• Density||105/km2 (270/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Website||Compton Parish Council|
Compton is a village and civil parish in the River Pang valley in the Berkshire Downs about 6 miles (9.7 km) south of Didcot which is buffered from neighbouring settlements by cultivated fields to all sides. The village is in a gently-sloped dry valley and the fledgling Pang seasonally enters from the north west and discharges in the south east and may be joined at the centre of the village by the Roden from the North, when winter bournes rise to fill their channels. Elevations vary from 95 to 155m AOD.
The bell tower of the Church of England parish church of Saint Mary and Saint Nicholas was built in the 13th century and has Perpendicular Gothic features that were added in the 15th century. In 1850 the nave and chancel were modernised or rebuilt and in 1905 the Gothic Revival architect John Oldrid Scott added the north aisle.
In 1882 the Didcot, Newbury and Southampton Railway was completed through the parish and Compton railway station was opened. British Railways withdrew passenger services from the line and closed Compton station in 1962. BR had closed Compton goods yard by 1964. Through freight traffic was withdrawn in 1964 and the line was closed and dismantled during 1967.
Amenities and economy
The academically successful The Downs School local authority secondary school is in Compton. In the 21st century its Science building was built, named The Hubble after American astro-physicist Edwin Hubble. The Primary School, Compton Church of England Primary School is located on School Road. The School emblem is a stag.
The village is also known as where footballer Theo Walcott grew up as he went to Compton Primary School and The Downs School.
Despite Compton being a small village, in 2006 it became the founding place of a chemical manufacturing company called Carbosynth. Since 2019, it has merged with a Swiss company called Biosynth AG to form a key global organisation within the fine chemical industry and now operates under name Biosynth Carbosynth®.
|Output area||Homes owned outright||Owned with a loan||Socially rented||Privately rented||Other||km2 roads||km2 water||km2 domestic gardens||Usual residents||km2|
- Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005
- Pevsner, 1965, page 120
- Page & Ditchfield, 1925, pages 15-21
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 August 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Biosynth Carbosynth".
- "Magic Map Application". Magic.defra.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
- Page, William; Ditchfield, P.H., eds. (1924). Victoria County History: A History of the County of Berkshire, Volume 4. pp. 15–21.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1966). The Buildings of England: Berkshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 120–121.
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