Compton (electoral district)

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Compton
Quebec electoral district
Defunct federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
District created 1966
District abolished 1996
First contested 1968
Last contested 1993

Compton (also known as Mégantic—Compton—Stanstead) was a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that was represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1867 to 1949, and again from 1968 to 1997.

History[edit]

Compton was created by the British North America Act of 1867. It consisted of the Townships of Compton, Westbury, Eaton, Clifton, Hereford, and Augmentation, Bury, Newport, Auckland, Lingwick, Hampden, Ditton, Winslow, Whitton, Marston, Chesham and part of the Township of Clinton.

In 1924, it was re-defined to consist of:

  • the County of Compton;
  • in the County of Stanstead: the township of Hereford;
  • in the County of Sherbrooke: the municipalities of Compton (township and village) and Waterville; and
  • in the County of Frontenac: the municipalities of Marston South, Ste. Cécile de Whitton, Chesham, Winslow South, Clinton, St. Léon de Marston, Winslow North and the town of Mégantic.

In 1933, it was expanded to include the townships of Eaton and Westbury in the village of Ascot Corner.

It was abolished in 1947 when it was redistributed into the Compton—Frontenac and Sherbrooke electoral districts.

It was re-created in 1966 from parts of Compton—Frontenac, Mégantic and Stanstead ridings. The new riding was defined to consist of:

  • the Towns of Coaticook, Cookshire, East Angus, Lac-Mégantic, Rock Island, Scotstown and Waterville;
  • the County of Compton;
  • parts of the County of Frontenac;
  • the county of Stanstead (except the village municipality of Omerville and the township municipality of Magog); and
  • in the County of Sherbrooke: the village municipality of Compton; the township municipality of Compton; and the municipalities of Ascot Corner and Compton Station.

In 1976, it was expanded to include in the County of Stanstead: the village municipalities of Ayer's Cliff, Beebe Plain, Dixville, Hatley, North Hatley, Saint-Herménégilde and Stanstead Plain; the township municipalities of Barford, Barnston, Hatley, Hatley (West part) and Stanstead; the municipalities of Barnston West, Ogden, Sainte-Catherine-de-Hatley, Saint-Herménégilde, Saint-Mathieu-de-Dixville and Stanstead East.

It was renamed "Mégantic—Compton—Stanstead" in 1978.

In 1987, it was redefined to consist of:

  • the Towns of Coaticook, Cookshire, East Angus, Lac-Mégantic, Rock Island, Scotstown and Waterville;
  • the County of Compton;
  • in the County of Frontenac: the parish municipalities of Courcelles, Saint-Augustin-de-Woburn and Val-Racine; the Township municipality of Marston; the municipalities of Audet, Frontenac, Lac-Drolet, Milan, Nantes, Notre-Dames-des-Bois, Piopolis, Sainte-Cécile-de-Whitton, Saint-Romain, Saint-Sébastien and Stornoway;
  • in the County of Sherbrooke: the Township Municipality of Ascot; the Municipality of Ascot Corner;
  • in the County of Stanstead excluding the following: the Town of Magog; the Village Municipality of Omerville; the Township Municipality of Magog;
  • in the County of Wolfe: the village municipalities of Bishopton, Marbleton, Saint-Gérard and Weedon-Centre; the township municipalities of Dudswell, Stratford and Weedon; the municipality of Fontainebleau.

It was abolished in 1996 when it was merged into Compton—Stanstead riding.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Compton
1st  1867–1871     John Henry Pope Liberal–Conservative
 1871–1872
2nd  1872–1874
3rd  1874–1878
4th  1878–1878
 1878–1882
5th  1882–1887
6th  1887–1889
 1889–1891     Rufus Henry Pope Conservative
7th  1891–1896
8th  1896–1900
9th  1900–1904
10th  1904–1905     Aylmer Byron Hunt Liberal
 1906–1908
11th  1908–1911
12th  1911–1917     Frederick Robert Cromwell Conservative
13th  1917–1921     Aylmer Byron Hunt Liberal
14th  1921–1925
15th  1925–1926 Joseph-Étienne Letellier de Saint-Just
16th  1926–1930
17th  1930–1935     Samuel Gobeil Conservative
18th  1935–1940     Joseph-Adéodat Blanchette Liberal
19th  1940–1945
20th  1945–1949
Riding dissolved into Compton—Frontenac and Sherbrooke
Riding re-created from Compton—Frontenac, Mégantic and Stanstead
28th  1968–1971     Henry Latulippe Ralliement créditiste
 1971–1972     Social Credit
29th  1972–1974
30th  1974–1979     Claude Tessier Liberal
Mégantic—Compton—Stanstead
31st  1979–1980     Claude Tessier Liberal
32nd  1980–1984
33rd  1984–1988     François Gérin Progressive Conservative
34th  1988–1993
35th  1993–1997     Maurice Bernier Bloc Québécois
Riding dissolved into Compton—Stanstead

Election results[edit]

Compton, 1867–1949[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1867
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative POPE, John Henry acclaimed

By-election: On Mr. Pope's appointment as Minister of Agriculture, 25 October 1871

By-election on 11 November 1871
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative POPE, John Henry acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1872
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative POPE, Hon. John Henry acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1874
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative POPE, Hon. J.H. 1,387
Unknown CAIRNS, H.E. 535
Canadian federal election, 1878
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative POPE, Hon. J.H. 1,464
Unknown LEONARD, H. 796

By-election: On Mr. Pope's appointment as Minister of Agriculture, 17 October 1878

By-election on 4 November 1878
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative POPE, Hon. John Henry acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1882
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative POPE, Hon. J.H. 1,612
Unknown CAIRNS, H.E. 823
Canadian federal election, 1887
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative POPE, J.H. 2,157
Unknown MUNRO, T.B. 1,333

By-election: On Mr. Pope's death, 1 April 1889

By-election on 16 May 1889
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative POPE, Rufus Henry acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1891
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative POPE, Rufus H. 2,004
Liberal LEET, S.P. 938
Canadian federal election, 1896
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative POPE, Rufus Henry 1,948
Patrons of Industry WELLARD, Francis F. 1,485
Canadian federal election, 1900
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative POPE, R.H. 2,438
Liberal CLEVELAND, Geo. B. 2,190
Canadian federal election, 1904
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal HUNT, A.B. 2,735
Conservative POPE, R.H. 2,440

By-election: On election being declared void, Nov. 22, 1905

By-election on 4 January 1906
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal HUNT, A.B. 2,935
Conservative POPE, R.H. 2,585
Canadian federal election, 1908
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal HUNT, Aylmer Byron 3,175
Conservative POPE, Rufus Henry 2,781
Canadian federal election, 1911
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative CROMWELL, Frederick Robert 2,953
Liberal HUNT, Albert Byron 2,877
Canadian federal election, 1917
Party Candidate Votes
Opposition (Laurier Liberals) HUNT, Aylmer Byron 4,418
Government (Unionist) MCIVER, Kenneth Nicholson 2,515
Canadian federal election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal HUNT, Aylmer Byron 7,866
Conservative CROMWELL, Frederick Robert 3,961
Canadian federal election, 1925
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal LETELLIER, DE SAINT-JUST, Joseph Étienne 6,497
Conservative GOBEIL, Samuel 4,262
Canadian federal election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal LETELLIER, DE SAINT-JUST, Joseph Étienne 7,125
Conservative GOBEIL, Samuel 4,979
Canadian federal election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative GOBEIL, Samuel 6,701
Liberal LETELLIER, DE SAINT-JUST, Joseph Étienne 6,393
Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal BLANCHETTE, Joseph-Adéodat 7,388
Conservative GOBEIL, Hon. Samuel 6,374
Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal BLANCHETTE, Joseph-Adéodat 8,012
National Government LAFOREST, Joseph-Alfred 1,623
Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal BLANCHETTE, J.-Adéodat 8,007
Progressive Conservative GOBEIL, Hon. Samuel 3,506
Bloc populaire QUINTIN, Aurélien 1,622
Social Credit HOULE, Gérard 1,065
Co-operative Commonwealth CARR, R. Barton 486

Compton, 1968–1979[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes
Ralliement créditiste LATULIPPE, Henry 11,961
Liberal CAMERON, Léger 8,615
Progressive Conservative BOURQUE, Luc 3,987
New Democratic LOWRY, Curtis 851
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes
Social Credit LATULIPPE, Henry 11,636
New Democratic GRAHAM, Duncan J.M. 10,982
Liberal TESSIER, Claude 10,656
Progressive Conservative GAUVIN, Guy-C. 4,142
Independent DESCOTEAUX, Conrad 182
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal TESSIER, Claude 11,474
Social Credit LATULIPPE, Henry 9,917
Progressive Conservative LAPOINTE, Guy 4,407
New Democratic GRAHAM, Duncan J.M. 858

Mégantic—Compton—Stanstead, 1979–1997[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal TESSIER, Claude 19,309
Social Credit LATULIPPE, Henry 9,047
Progressive Conservative GOSSELIN, Claude G. 7,463
New Democratic POWELL, Murray Dale 1,316
Union populaire HUBERDEAU, Robert 281
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal TESSIER, Claude 21,562
Progressive Conservative GRENIER, Fernand 10,336
Social Credit DROUIN, Léonel 3,023
New Democratic TAYLOR, Keith 1,769
Rhinoceros GOSSELIN, D. Gavroche 1,002
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative GÉRIN, François 25,679
Liberal TESSIER, Claude 13,123
New Democratic WALSH, Jean-Pierre 2,690
Green MCCAMMON, Andrew 454
Parti nationaliste HOUDE, Michel 427
Social Credit BÉLANGER, Robert 399
Commonwealth of Canada JAVITCH, Ronald A. 51
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative GÉRIN, François 23,246
Liberal LANDRY, Jean-Guy 11,566
New Democratic WALSH, Jean-Pierre 3,195
Social Credit LANCTOT, Yvan 550
Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes
Bloc Québécois BERNIER, Maurice 17,317
Liberal NAYLOR, Eugene 13,538
Progressive Conservative GODDARD, Gilles 6,042
Natural Law BENOÎT, Jacqueline 767
New Democratic SIMARD, Martine 495
Abolitionist BISSONNETTE, Marco 215
National STEWART, James 198

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Riding history from the Library of Parliament: