Computational journalism

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Computational journalism can be defined as the application of computation to the activities of journalism such as information gathering, organization, sensemaking, communication and dissemination of news information, while upholding values of journalism such as accuracy and verifiability.[1] The field draws on technical aspects of computer science including artificial intelligence, content analysis (NLP, NLG, vision, audition), visualization, personalization and recommender systems as well as aspects of social computing and information science.

History of the field[edit]

The field emerged at Georgia Institute of Technology in 2006 where a course in the subject was taught by professor Irfan Essa.[2] In February 2008 Georgia Tech hosted a Symposium on Computation and Journalism which convened several hundred computing researchers and journalists in Atlanta, GA. In July 2009, The Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (CASBS) at Stanford University hosted a workshop to push the field forward.[3]

Since 2012, Columbia Journalism School has offered a course called Frontiers of Computational Journalism for the students enrolled in their dual degree in CS and journalism. The course covers many computer science topics from the perspective of journalism, including document vector space representation, algorithmic and social story selection (recommendation algorithms), language topic models, information visualization, knowledge representation and reasoning, social network analysis, quantitative and qualitative inference, and information security. The Knight Foundation awarded $3,000,000 to Columbia University's Tow Center to continue its computational journalism program.

Syracuse University launched a masters in computational journalism in 2015, with a mission of preparing students "to be data journalists, able to work with big data sets to organize and communicate the compelling and important news stories that might be hidden in the numbers."

Stanford University launched a Computational Journalism Lab in 2015, as well as a course titled, Computational Journalism.

In 2017, the Associated Press published a guide[4] for newsrooms to deploy artificial intelligence and computational methods, a report developed by media strategist Francesco Marconi.[5]

Computational Journalism conferences[edit]

In February 2013, the Georgia Institute of Technology held the Computational Journalism Symposium once again in Atlanta, GA.

In 2014 and 2015, Columbia University hosted the Computation + Journalism Symposium.

In 2016, Stanford University hosted the Computation + Journalism Symposium.

The Google News Lab has sponsored "Computational Journalism Research Awards" within the United States and in Europe.

Applications[edit]

Over the years, computational journalism applications have involved different areas of the newsmaking process: from data gathering to the analysis of big data and their representation. In the beginning, therefore, it was more an aspect area linked to the discipline of data science, where the research and exploration of a fact may be automated.

But it is just with the rise of artificial intelligence that it has become possible to explore new types of applications, even up to the automation of news writing (text generation).

In this last field, there are interesting examples of application.

  • The Washington Post that as early as 2017 declared to have published in a year 850 news written entirely by an artificial intelligence.[6]
  • The canadian newspaper The Globe and Mail, entirely directed by an artificial intelligence.
  • The Storykube[7] uses artificial intelligence to support the entire process of newsmaking (from data-gathering to text generation) and fact-checking.
  • The Guardian, with the proprietary artificial intelligence software called "ReporterMate", an experimental automated news reporting system.

Related fields[edit]

Resources[edit]

Examples[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nick Diakopoulos A functional roadmap for innovation in computational journalism
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-12-25. Retrieved 2009-12-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) 2008 Course Site
  3. ^ James T. Hamilton Accountability Through Algorithm: Developing the Field of Computational Journalism Archived 2012-03-07 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "AP Insights | Report: How artificial intelligence will impact journalism". insights.ap.org. Retrieved 2018-03-22.
  5. ^ "Want to bring automation to your newsroom? A new AP report details best practices". Nieman Lab. Retrieved 2018-03-22.
  6. ^ "The Washington Post's robot reporter has published 850 articles in the past year". Digiday. 2017-09-14. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  7. ^ "Storykube". Archived from the original on 2020-10-20.
  8. ^ Belz, Anya (2019), Fully Automatic Journalism: We Need to Talk About Nonfake News Generation (PDF), University of Brighton, retrieved 2020-02-01