Computer-assisted qualitative data analysis software

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Computer Assisted/Aided Qualitative Data AnalysiS (CAQDAS) offers tools that assist with qualitative research such as transcription analysis, coding and text interpretation, recursive abstraction, content analysis, discourse analysis, grounded theory methodology, etc.


CAQDAS is used in psychology, marketing research, ethnography, public health and other social sciences. The CAQDAS Networking project[1] lists the following tools a CAQDAS program should have:

  • Content searching tools
  • Coding tools
  • Linking tools
  • Mapping or networking tools
  • Query tools
  • Writing and annotation tools

Comparison of CAQDAS software[edit]

Application Type License Source Last Release Analyses OS Supported Tools
Aquad Client Free - GPL ? 2012-02 Text Win Coding
ATLAS.ti Client Proprietary Closed 2016-12 Text Win, macOS, iPad, Android Coding, Aggregation, Query, Visualisation
Coding Analysis Toolkit (CAT) Web-based Free - GPL Open 2014-06-28[2] Text All (web browser) Coding
Compendium/CompendiumNG[3] Client Free - LGPL Open 2014-02 Text All (java-based) Coding
ConnectedText Client Proprietary Closed 2015-02 Text Win Coding
Dedoose Web-based Proprietary Closed 2016-12 Text, Audio, Video All (web browser) Coding, Query, Visualisation, Statistical Tools
HyperRESEARCH Client Proprietary Closed 2015-08-10[4] Win, macOS
MAXQDA Client Proprietary Closed 2016-10 Text, Images, Audio, Video Win, macOS Coding, Aggregation, Query, Visualisation, Statistical Tools
NVivo Client Proprietary Closed 2017-02 Text Win, macOS Coding, Aggregation, Query, Visualisation
QDA Miner Client Proprietary Closed 2016-11 Win
QDA Miner Lite Client Proprietary Closed 2017-01-12 Text Win Coding
Quantitative Discourse Analysis Package (qdap) (R package) Client Free- GPL Open 2016-11 [5] Text Win, macOS, Linux Word extracting, statistical analysis, visualization
Qiqqa Client Proprietary Closed 2016-09 Win, Android
RQDA (R package) Client Free- GPL Open 2016-12[6] Text Win, macOS, Linux Coding, Aggregation, Query, Visualisation
Transana Client GPL [7] Open 2016-09 [8] Video Audio Text Win, macOS, Linux (partially) Coding
XSight Client Proprietary Closed 2006 (abandoned) Win

Pros and cons[edit]

Such software helps to organize, manage and analyse information.[9] The advantages of using this software include saving time, managing huge amounts of qualitative data, having increased flexibility, having improved validity and auditability of qualitative research, and being freed from manual and clerical tasks. Concerns include increasingly deterministic and rigid processes, privileging of coding, and retrieval methods; reification of data, increased pressure on researchers to focus on volume and breadth rather than on depth and meaning, time and energy spent learning to use computer packages, increased commercialism, and distraction from the real work of analysis.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "CAQDAS". Retrieved 28 November 2011. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ "CompendiumNG website". Retrieved 11 September 2015. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ "qdap GitHub website". Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Transana website". Retrieved 2 February 2016. 
  8. ^ "Transana website". Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  9. ^ Banner, DJ; Albarrran, JW (2009). "Computer-assisted qualitative data analysis software: a review.". Canadian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 19 (3): 24–31. PMID 19694114. 
  10. ^ St John, W; Johnson, P (2000). "The pros and cons of data analysis software for qualitative research.". Journal of Nursing Scholarship. 32 (4): 393–7. PMID 11140204. 

External links[edit]