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Computronium is a material hypothesized by Norman Margolus and Tommaso Toffoli of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1991 to be used as "programmable matter", a substrate for computer modeling of virtually any real object.[1]

It also refers to a theoretical arrangement of matter that is the best possible form of computing device for that amount of matter.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Amato, I. (1991-08-23). "Speculating in Precious Computronium". Science. 253 (5022): 856–857. doi:10.1126/science.253.5022.856. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 17751817. S2CID 43676333.
  2. ^ CFAI glossary: computronium Archived 2010-04-20 at the Wayback Machine