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Computronium is a material hypothesized by Norman Margolus and Tommaso Toffoli of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1991 to be used as "programmable matter", a substrate for computer modeling of virtually any real object.[1]

It also refers to a theoretical arrangement of matter that is the best possible form of computing device for that amount of matter.[2]

In the 2010 film The Singularity Is Near: A True Story About the Future, American futurist Ray Kurzweil discusses a universe filled with computronium.[3] He believes this could be possible until the late 22nd century by sending intelligent nanobots through the universe faster than light, e.g. by using wormholes.[3] According to him, such an endeavor would have the potential to prevent the natural ending of the universe.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Amato, I. (1991-08-23). "Speculating in Precious Computronium". Science. 253 (5022): 856–857. Bibcode:1991Sci...253..856A. doi:10.1126/science.253.5022.856. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 17751817. S2CID 43676333.
  2. ^ CFAI glossary: computronium Archived 2010-04-20 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b c "Computronium universe - computation limits of computronium and limits to the universe |". Retrieved 2021-06-13.