Concepción, Santa Cruz
Church of the Missions
|Department||Santa Cruz Department|
|Province||Ñuflo de Chávez|
|• Total||8,221 (est)|
Concepción is the capital of Ñuflo de Chávez Province in the Santa Cruz Department and is located at an elevation of 500 m above sea level, circa 250 kilometers northeast of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, the department's capital.
Concepción was founded in 1699 by Jesuits and served as a mission place for the Christianization of the Guaraní people. In 1722 the village moved to its present place, and in 1745 it was inhabited by circa 2,000 people of the Punasicas, Boococas, Tubasicas, Paicones, Puyzocas, Quimonecas, Quitemos, Napecas, Paunacas and Tapacuracas tribes.
Between 1753 and 1756 the cathedral of Concepción was built (see photo), which still is the center of the blooming town. In 1766, Concepción was inhabited by 713 families and 3,276 persons. When in 1767 Charles III expelled the Jesuits and the village was administered by secular authorities, many of its inhabitants fled to the woods.
During the decade that followed the population decreased drastically, caused by epidemics, famine, the mismanagement of the new clergy and - at the end of the 19th century - by deporting the indigenous population to the rubber plantations.
Concepción has a gravel airfield of 1,900 m length (Airport-Code CEP).
The town's population has increased strongly in the past decades:
- 1969: 1,100 inhabitants
- 1992: 3,228 inhabitants (census)
- 2001: 5,586 inhabitants (census)
- 2008: 8,221 inhabitants (est.)
The climate in the Concepción area is typical of the Bolivian lowlands east of the Andes, and weather data from Concepción is used to illustrate the weather and climate of the region. The table at  shows the average weather conditions at Concepción. (Note that BBC misspells Concepción with a t: Conceptión).
Also the Lonely Planet's Bolivia guide, 6th Edition / April 2007, uses weather data from Concepción in a climate chart (page 368).
- Hugo Banzer Suárez (1926–2002), Bolivian president 1971-1978 and 1997–2002
- World Heritage Site: Jesuit Missions of the Chiquitos
- Olga Merino; Linda A. Newson. Jesuit Missions in Spanish America: The Aftermath of the Expulsion (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-11. Retrieved 2009-01-16.
- "Concepción Airport (CEP) Details".
- Population Statistics populstat
- "World Gazetteer". Archived from the original on 2008-10-24.
- Observatorio de la Democrática Bolicia[permanent dead link]
- BBC Weather Table
- Detailed map of province
- History of Concepción
- Concepción at Boliviabella
- Description of Jesuit mission (World Heritage Site) with pictures and information