Concepción de Ataco
|Concepción de Ataco|
1 Avenida. Concepcion de Ataco
|• Mayor||Capitan Oscar Oliverio Gomez (Alianza Republicana Nacionalista)|
|• Municipality||23.57 sq mi (61.04 km2)|
|Elevation||4,068 ft (1,240 m)|
|Time zone||Central America (UTC-6)|
|Human Development Index||0.695 – high|
Concepción de Ataco is a municipality and city within the Ahuachapán Department, El Salvador. It has an area of 61.03 km ² and a population of 18,101 inhabitants (est. 2006).
The municipality administration is divided into 11 cantons, which are: El Arco, El Limo, El Naranjito, El Tronconal, La Ceiba, La Joya de los Apante, La Planxa, San Jose, Shucutitán and Texusín Chirizo. Ataos's population has pre-Columbian origin and was founded by Yaqui Indians or pipiles in central Apaneca Mountain Range.
In Nahuatl, Ataco means "high place of springs.”
Archbishop Pedro Cortes y Larraz, Ataco in 1770 belonged to the parish and its people Ahuachapán was represented by 303 families with 784 indigenous people who spoke the Nahuatl of the Pipil turn these people spoke and understood also Castilian .
In the colonial period Ataco belonged to the administration of the province or municipality over Izalco Sonsonate. As of June 12, 1824 belonged to the municipality of primitive and great department of Sonsonate. Because the law of July 4, 1832 this population was made part of the jurisdiction of the judicial district of Ahuachapán. By legislative decree of February 8, 1855 the town was incorporated in the department of Santa Ana. According to a municipal report dated 20 April 1858, Ataco had a population of 972 inhabitants.
During the year 1866 the municipalities of Ataco asked the authorities, that this population be divided and separated from the department of Santa Ana and Sonsonate department add for convenience of local interests. This application did not succeed.
By Legislative Decree dated 26 February 1869 Ataco joined the district and department of Ahuachapán.
In the year 1890 the city had 2.860 inhabitants.
EMILIA AGUILERA RODRIGUEZ
In the 1880s Emila Aguilera Rodriguez was born to Jose Isaias Aguilera and his wife known by her Nahuatl name Washuma. Rosalia was one of Emilia's sisters. Emilia was known for her beauty and her kind demeanor. She was tha apple of Papa Che's eye. She graduated form " La Normal de Espana" (The Register School for Educational Professionals). Emilia was a bright young and conscientious teacher who had a heart for the poor. Falling in love with the Don Juan of the village, she had three children with him, but no meaningful relationship. However, this cost her relationship with her beloved "Papa Che". Having to work hard as a single mother to raised her children, she is well known by many families whose grandparents were instructed by Emilia as one of the most prominent educators the Nation has seen in the last one hundred and thirty years.
Emilia's three children became a Pediatric Doctor known as Jose Rutilio Aguilera Senior,a very well known Professor Jose Efrain Aguiler and a Nurse with the name of Flor de Maria Aguilera. Many people from Concepcion de Ataco own their place in society because the caring nature of Emilia Aguilera who also had the compassion to raise other people's children. For this reason, she was called Mama Mila by many.
Conception de Ataco saw her streets attended by dozens of honoring mourners when she passed away in 1974 at the age of 85 years old. Church bells were saying farewell as a procession took her body to the cemetery.
This quaint town known all over the world for the cool climate, beautiful vegetation, high altitude quality coffee and textile industries and also for the prominent people who built the community during the post-war era, which had left very few resources to manage even the most basic necessities. Family history speaks of how industrious Emilia Aguilera was by making candy, having her chickens for eggs, teaching her daughter to saw blouses out of sugar sacks and growing some fruits trees. Her proudest achievement however, was to have raised her children with God and good principles and given them an education.
Today her grandchildren are in different parts of the globe imparting godly and caring services to many. One of the noteworthy details for Ataquenos is to remember Emilia Aguilera by naming one of the Main Aveneus in Concepcion de Ataco to honor her memory for all times.
JOSE EFRAIN AGUILERA Born in Concepcion de Ataco, Educated at the Normal de Espana and married to Nury Vizcarra. After their wedding they moved to Guatemala where they stablished "El Colegio Dr. Pedro Molina en la Zona 2.
In Concepcion de Ataco you can find stores that sell a wide variety of crafts including sculptures, ornaments, weavings, embroidery, candles, key chains and coffee. Ataco's native population still retains many of the customs and traditions of their grandparents—these go from generation to generation through oral tradition, preserving, so far, a bit of our culture and language (Nahuat).
The small town, has the basic services (water, electricity, sewage, train toilet, telephone, Internet, post office, police and magistrates' court). The town has 4 branches of the agricultural sector, all benefits of coffee, so it follows that the municipality is mainly agricultural. There are 4 foundations or organizations concerned with agriculture and community development: FUNDATACO Foundation (ATAC), ADECOA (Association for Community Development Ataco) FUNADIC (Ataqueña Foundation for the Integral Development Community) and Romero Association. The city’s economy has also been influenced by tourism starting in 2004 and that is the reason why the city has grown prosperous. Many investors—both local and international—are opening businesses like hotels, restaurants, bars, etc.
Ataco has started its tourism business in the late 2004. Prior to that the most visited colonial village was Apaneca, a village 20 minutes away from Ataco. After people realized Ataco has more opportunities and that it's a very cheerful village, people starting investing in Ataco. Even though Ataco did not win first place in the Pueblos Vivos contest it is still preferred by many local and international tourists.
Leaver looms ere reintroduced to the area and can see and appreciate the art of fabric making in some local craft shops.
Gourmet Food & Beverages
You can visit the cafes to enjoy the excellent coffees from this area and visit the restaurants where you can enjoy typical Salvadoran food and gourmet food. Ataco has many restaurants that are national and international and they serve a variety of foods: Chilean, French, Italian, American, Mexican, Japanese, Spanish, Central American, and Salvadoran (including pupusas, and many other traditional dishes). One can enjoy the gastronomic festival in the central plaza. Among the main restaurants in Ataco are:
- Portland Grill and Bar (American & Italian)
- Cafe Boton (French)
- El Habanero (Mexican)
- El Brasero (Chilean)
- La Esquina de Ataco (Bar & Cafe)
- KOI Sushi Bar (Japanese)
- Casa Guimera (Mediterranean)
- The House of Coffee (Bar & Cafe)
- Jardin de Celesta (Central American)
- Diconte y Axul (Salvadoran, International & Cafe)
One of the most famous handicraft shops that has treadle looms is Diconte & Axul. This is a very colorful and striking corner which gives life to the people of Ataco, for it is out of the ordinary and traditional. Its facade shows the lines, colors and figures of the handcrafts that are inside. The shop's charismatic owners, Alvaro Orellana and Cristina Pineda Fagioli, paint each piece and, as such, they should be considered unique, a characteristics which gives them higher value.
Diconte & Axul
One of the first businesses to gain recognition in the Route of the Flowers was Diconte & Axul, a variety store crafts, textile art and has become the reference of the people to attack from more than 7 years. Established in an old house, dating from 1910, near the center of town, Diconte & Axul offers tourists the best opportunity to buy crafts from all over El Salvador, and Guatemala and other countries. Here you may see the famous "Cats" and other crafts, painted with the colorful style introduced by the artists, Cristina Pineda Fagioli, and Alvaro Orellana, who also attend the place. You can also see how local artisans make colorful fabrics using treadle looms, a tradition that is disappearing throughout Latin America. In Diconte & Axul you can purchase these unique fabrics from $6 to $8 a yard.
Ataco has many hostels and hotels with a cozy arrangements, large rooms with great spaces and very low prices. Some hotels and hostels in the area:
- Balcon de Ataco: Visit this restaurant and hotel for the excellent panoramic view of the town alone. Down to earth decorations. Serving beef, seafood, chicken, soups and breakfast options.
- Hotel Alicante Montana: At Hotel Alicante Montana recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a health club. The hotel also features a restaurant and a full-service spa. Guestrooms open to balconies with mountain, courtyard or garden views and feature televisions with cable channels and complimentary wireless Internet access.
- Hotel Villa Santo Domingo: Is located one block from Central Park and is one of the most comfortable and pleasant places for people to be able to stay at.
Ataco's high elevation gives the area one of the nicest climate ranges in El Salvador. Temperatures never go above 23 °C (73 °F) and always stay cool during the night. Sometimes it can be very chilly. The lowest temperature recorded was 4 °C (40 °F) which occurred during a cold front in November 2010. The fact that the city receives a lot of precipitation, and that the temperature is relatively cool but not cold, makes the place ideal for plants of many types to grow; it is usual to see a low of flowers, pine trees, and "veraneras" in Concepcion de Ataco and in the surrounding areas. Because the town is located on a mountain the sidewalks are designed to be really high from the street, because when there is heavy rain all the runoff from the mountain could flood the road with a couple of inches. The month with the highest rainfall is July with 316 millimeters of rain (13 inches). The average coolest months of the year are October and November with temperatures as low as 10 °C (50 °F) (due to a high presence of wind during this period of year).
|Climate data for Concepcion de Ataco|
|Average high °C (°F)||19.3
|Daily mean °C (°F)||14.7
|Average low °C (°F)||10.8
|Record low °C (°F)||6.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||5.0
Access by paved road that connects with Ahuachapán and Sonsonate (CA-8). There are regular buses that arrive at the entrance of the village, from Sonsonate and Ahuachapán. The (CA-8) is a small rural highway with two lanes, the road connects Ataco with Apaneca too and San Salvador. In order to take the CA-8 there are different highways depending on what part of the country you can take the RN-13 if you are coming from Santa Ana or Chalchuapa (if you are coming form the eastern part of Santa Ana the nearest highways is the RN-12), from Acajutla one can take the CA-2 and then the RN-15 and connect to the CA-8 near Apaneca a few kilometers away from Ataco. If coming from San Salvador or anywhere else in the country the highway that connects to the area is the CA-1 (Pan-American Highway)
Most roads are asphalt but many main parts with traffics are built out of concrete. Many roads are just 2 lanes because they need to go in high mountain places, but as soon as you go down the highway system is most of the time 4 lanes going all directions in the country.
Ataco and its surroundings are known for their high safety levels. Even though there is no danger at all nor the presence of any type of violence, Politur (Tourism Police) is present in the area to not only maximize the safety levels, but to orient those who are lost, and to help out with any trouble one has.
- Ahuachapan, Ahuachapan
- Ahuachapan Department
- Santa Ana, El Salvador
- San Salvador
- Antiguo Cuscatlan
- El Pital
- La Palma, Chalatenango
- es:Concepción de Ataco
- "Weather Information for Concepcion de Ataco". Retrieved May 30, 2011.