Flute Concertino (Chaminade)
|Concertino for flute and orchestra|
|by Cécile Chaminade|
Chaminade in 1910
Scholarship indicates that the Concertino was commissioned by the Paris Conservatoire in 1902, presumably as an examination piece for flute students, where the celebrated French flautist and teacher Paul Taffanel, to whom the Concertino was dedicated, taught. Not long after composing it, Chaminade orchestrated it for a London concert played by her friend, flautist Marguerite de Forest Anderson.
The piece remains a standard and popular part of the flute repertoire. For example, it was voted #85 in the 2012 Classic 100 Music of France (ABC). Additionally, it remains one of Chaminade's only pieces in contemporary repertoire.
The concertino is scored for solo flute, with piano or orchestral accompaniment, with a flute (besides the solo instrument), a piccolo, two oboes, two clarinets, two bassoons, four horns, three trombones, tuba, timpani, harp, and strings. Lawrence Gilman wrote that "A remarkable feature of the work is its use of the orchestra's heaviest artillery in the accompaniment, for which three trombones and tubas are requisitioned (the trumpets take a holiday).
The composition opens with a broad melody that has a highly decorative solo part and is regarded as quite demanding for the flautist. After a more active central section, marked Più animato agitato in the score, there is a short oboe phrase that leads into a cadenza for the soloist. The piece concludes with a reprise of the opening melody and an animated coda.
This is a one-movement concertino. Although some suggest it is in rondo form, it is more likely in the form ABCA, with a codetta separating sections B and C, and a coda following the final A section. Following section C and before the flute cadenza, there is a 15 measure "section" where the original melody of section A returns. The main characteristic of rondo form is the return to the A section after each new idea has been presented. In the Concertino, however, the original melody does not appear again until after section C, just before the cadenza, and then again after the cadenza, with the final return to section A at measure 112.
- Morrison, Chris. "Concertino for Flute & Piano (or orchestra), Op. 107". AllMusic. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- Toff, Nancy (1996). The Flute Book: A Complete Guide for Students and Performers. Oxford University Press. p. 249. ISBN 9780195105025.
- Flaxman, Fred. "Chaminade, Part 2". Compact Discoveries. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- McCutchan, Ann (1994). Marcel Moyse: Voice of the Flute. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 50. ISBN 9780931340680.
- Gilman, Lawrence. "1937 Jan 02, 03 / Student Concert / Barbirolli". NY Phil. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
- Dzapo, Kyle (2016). Notes for Flutists. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780190610654. Retrieved 4 October 2016.