Dr. Concha Meléndez
|Born||January 21, 1895
Caguas, Puerto Rico
|Died||June 26, 1983
San Juan, Puerto Rico
|Occupation||poet, writer, educator|
|Notable awards||Puerto Rican Academy of Languages; Medal of Literature; Award of Honor|
Meléndez was born and raised in Caguas, Puerto Rico, where she received her primary and secondary education. After graduating from high school she enrolled at the University of Puerto Rico where she earned her teacher's certificate.
Meléndez taught at the University's high school while she continued to pursue her University studies. In 1924, she received her Bachelor's degree and soon after went to New York City where she obtained her Master's degree in 1926 from Columbia University. She returned to Puerto Rico where she became a professor at the University of Puerto Rico.
Meléndez later went to Mexico where she enrolled in the National University of Mexico (UNAM). In 1932, she became the first woman in the history of Mexico to earn a Doctorate in philosophy and letters.
When she returned to Puerto Rico, the University of Puerto Rico bestowed upon her the title of "Professor Emeritus" in Hispanic-American Literature. She was named director of the Hispanic Studies and Humanities Faculty Department at the University, a position she held between 1940-1959. Meléndez also founded a tenured chair on Hispanic-American Literature in the University. In 1964, Meléndez acted as visiting professor at the Middlebury School of Languages in Vermont. Concha Meléndez died in San Juan, Puerto Rico on June 26, 1983.
Melendez's works have been compiled into 15 volumes by the Editorial Cultural. Amongst these are:
- "Amado Nervo",
- "La Inquietud Sosegada: Poética de Evaristo Ribera Chevremont",
- "Various Hispanic-American Poets",
- "The Act of Storytelling in Puerto Rico",
- "Signs from Iberoamerica",
- "Entrance in Peru",
- "Figuration of Puerto Rico and other studies",
- "Jose de Diego in my Memory",
- "Hispanic-American Literature",
- "Words for Listeners",
- "People and Books",
- "Fiction Literature in Puerto Rico",
- "Poetry in Alfonso Reyes" and
- "Indian Novel in Hispanic-America".
Honors and distinctions
- "Medal of Literature" from the Puerto Rican Ateneo,
- "The Diploma of Honor" from the Mexican Academy of Languages,
- the "Order of Andres Belloy" and
- the "Award of Honor" from the Puerto Rican Ateneo.
- She was the first woman to belong to the Puerto Rican Academy of Languages.
A center of the Biblioteca Nacional de Puerto Rico del Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña is named after her. It is located in the Casa Dra. Concha Melendez Ramirez, her home from 1940 until her death, which has been designated a National Historic Landmark. Every year the Coalition of Hispanic American Women of Miami, selects five high school graduates, who will receive the Elena Mederos/Concha Melendez Scholarship for their outstanding academic records. Puerto Rico has a school in San Juan named after her and in Virginia there is also a high school named after her.
- List of Puerto Rican writers
- List of Puerto Ricans
- Puerto Rican literature
- History of women in Puerto Rico
- La Madrid, Antonio Gil de. "Concha Meléndez, escritora". Proyecto Salon Hogar (in Spanish).
- "Casa Dra. Concha Meléndez Ramirez, National Register of Historic Places Registration Form" (PDF). National Park Service. 2011-05-20. Retrieved 2015-11-06.
- National Register of Historic Places Regi9ster Form
- Biblioteca Nacional de Puerto Rico del Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña
- Congressional Record 101st Congress (1989-1990)