Conchoids of line with common center.
The fixed point O is the red dot, the black line is the given curve, and each pair of coloured curves is length d from the intersection with the line that a ray through O makes. In the blue case d is greater than O's distance from the line, so the upper blue curve loops back on itself. In the green case d is the same, and in the red case it's less.
Conchoid of Nicomedes drawn by an apparatus illustrated in Eutocius' Commentaries on the works of Archimedes
A conchoid is a curve derived from a fixed point O, another curve, and a length d. It was invented by the ancient Greek mathematician Nicomedes.
For every line through O that intersects the given curve at A the two points on the line which are d from A are on the conchoid. The conchoid is, therefore, the cissoid of the given curve and a circle of radius d and center O. They are called conchoids because the shape of their outer branches resembles conch shells.
The simplest expression uses polar coordinates with O at the origin. If
expresses the given curve, then
expresses the conchoid.
If the curve is a line, then the conchoid is the conchoid of Nicomedes.
For instance, if the curve is the line , then the line's polar form is and therefore the conchoid can be expressed parametrically as
A limaçon is a conchoid with a circle as the given curve.