Concord Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania

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Concord Township
Newlin grist mill
Location in Delaware County and the state of Pennsylvania.
Location in Delaware County and the state of Pennsylvania.
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States
Coordinates: 39°52′39″N 75°29′29″W / 39.87750°N 75.49139°W / 39.87750; -75.49139Coordinates: 39°52′39″N 75°29′29″W / 39.87750°N 75.49139°W / 39.87750; -75.49139
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyDelaware
Area
 • Total13.64 sq mi (35.34 km2)
 • Land13.62 sq mi (35.28 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
Elevation
338 ft (103 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total17,231
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
17,726
 • Density1,301.18/sq mi (502.37/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code610
FIPS code42-045-15488
Websitewww.twp.concord.pa.us

Concord Township is a township in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 17,231 at the 2010 census. It contains the unincorporated communities of Concordville and Glen Mills.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 13.7 square miles (35 km2), of which 13.7 square miles (35 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.22%) is water.

Concord Township is located in Southwest Delaware County and is bordered by Chadds Ford Township to the west, Thornbury Township to the north, Chester Heights to the east and Bethel Township to the southeast. A portion of the southern border of the township sits along the border-arc between Pennsylvania and Delaware known as the 12-mile circle. Concord Township is in both the Brandywine Creek and Chester Creek watersheds.

One of the busiest intersections in the state, where U.S. Route 1 and U.S. Route 202 meet, is locally known as "Painters Crossing". While there are no boroughs or other major population centers in the township, the unincorporated area known as Concordville has historical houses and a Quaker meetinghouse dating from the early colonial period.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19301,546
19402,07634.3%
19501,945−6.3%
19603,14961.9%
19704,59245.8%
19806,43740.2%
19906,9337.7%
20009,93343.3%
201017,23173.5%
202018,2956.2%
[3]

At the 2010 census,[4] there were 17,231 people, 6,193 households and 4,168 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,257.7 per square mile (485.6/km2)). There were 6,711 housing units. The racial make-up of the township was 86.1% White, 6.9% African American, 0.1% Native American, 5.1% Asian, 0.6% from other races and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.

There were 4,168 households, of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18, 59.7% were married couples living together, 5.3% had a female householder with no husband present and 32.7% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.3% were individuals living alone 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.5 and the average family size was 3.13.

22.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64 and 20.8% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.4 males.

The median household income (2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $86,680 and the median family income was $121,389. Males had a median income of $91,470 and females $58,555. The per capita income was $42,358. About 4.0% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

Concord Township is first mentioned in court records on June 27, 1683, when John Mendenhall was appointed constable of "Concord liberty".[5]

The paper for the first currency printed by the Continental Congress was made at the Ivy Mills founded by Thomas Willcox and Thomas Brown. The Ivy Mills was the second oldest paper mill in the United States.[6] The mill made printing paper for Benjamin Franklin and paper for currency for several Continental governments, the US government and many South American countries.[7] The oldest Roman Catholic parish in Pennsylvania began as a mission at the home of the Willcox family in 1730.[8] The church was later moved approximately one mile east to the top of the hill into what later became the Borough of Chester Heights and is known as St. Thomas the Apostle Church.

In 1702, the St. John's Episcopal Church was founded on land donated by John Hannum, a successful farmer and tavern owner who was baptized by the former Quaker George Keith. Keith was known to conduct services at the Hannum home on Concord Road.[9]

The Newlin Grist Mill has been grinding grain since 1704. It has an 11 feet (3.4 m) tall stone wheel housed in a timber frame. The mill and processing complex passed through various hands and, in the 1950s, it was purchased by a direct descendant of Nicholas Newlin, which along with 200 acres (81 ha) of surrounding countryside became the Newlin Mill Historic Park. The mill complex area was the location of the Markham post office and Markham train station (Philadelphia/Baltimore rail traffic).

The name "Concord" was believed to have been given by the earliest European settlers of the township and reflects the harmonious feelings among them at the time. Title to all real estate in the township can be traced back to a grant from William Penn.

Concord Township was a part of Chester County until 1789, at which point Delaware County was created by act of legislature. Farmers in the northern and western reaches of Chester County were weary of travelling a period of days to the county seat in Chester, on the Delaware River. The seat of Chester County was moved to Turk's Head, now West Chester, and was centrally located in the county.

The Brandywine Summit Camp Meeting, Concord Friends Meetinghouse, Concordville Historic District, Handwrought (also known as the Thomas Marshall House), High Hill Farm, Ivy Mills Historic District, Newlin Mill Complex, Nicholas Newlin House and Thompson Cottage are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[10]

Transportation[edit]

US 1 (Baltimore Pike)

US 202 (Wilmington-West Chester Pike)

US 322 (Conchester Highway)

PA 491 (Naamans Creek Road)

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Delaware County jail, George W. Hill Correctional Facility, is partially in Concord Township, with other parts in Thornbury Township.[11]

Education[edit]

Garnet Valley School District serves Concord Township.[12]

Rachel Kohl Library serves Concord Township.[13]

Notable persons[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
  2. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  3. ^ "DVRPC > Site Search". Archived from the original on 9 April 2019. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
    - "Census 2020".
  4. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
  5. ^ Ashmeade, Henry Graham (1884). History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: L.H. Everts & Co. p. 482. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
  6. ^ Ashmeade, Henry Graham (1884). History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: L.H. Everts & Co. p. 494. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  7. ^ Weeks, Lyman Horace (1916). A History of Paper-manufacturing in the United States, 1690-1916. New York: The Lockwood Trade Journal Company. pp. 11–14. Retrieved 3 July 2017. The Willcox Paper Mill, 1729 -1866.
  8. ^ Jordan, John W. (1912). A History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania and Its People. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company. p. 394. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  9. ^ "Three Miles, Three Faiths". Concord Township Historical Society. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  10. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 9 July 2010.
  11. ^ "Delaware County Open Space, Recreation, and Greenway Plan Volume III: County Parks and Recreation Plan" (PDF). Delaware County, Pennsylvania. April 2015. pp. 1–13 (PDF p. 31). Retrieved 26 September 2018. For example, the County Prison in Thornbury and Concord Townships, sits on over 414 acres of land, less than 144 acres of which is developed for the prison.
  12. ^ "About our district". Garnet Valley School District. Retrieved 26 August 2022.
  13. ^ "About Us". Rachel Kohl Community Library. Retrieved 26 September 2018.

External links[edit]