Concordia, Northern Cape
The locomotive Pioneer derailed outside Okiep after the Boer commando attack on the town, launched from Concordia on 1 May 1902 
|• Total||4.83 km2 (1.86 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||1.0%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Time zone||SAST (UTC+2)|
Concordia was originally established as a Rhenish mission station in 1852 and copper mining began in 1853 through to 1983 in the area. The town is of historical interest because it is situated at the origin of mining endeavors in South Africa. Long before colonial times (prior to 1652), the indigenous peoples (the Khoisan or Nama) of the area extracted raw or "native copper" from the gneiss and granite hills that make up the surrounding Namaqualand Copper belt. This copper was beaten into decorative items, worn as bangles and neck adornments by these peoples. The copper boom of the late 19th century through to the early nineteen eighties has all but ceased in the area.
There is currently a granite works at Concordia where large blocks of the stone are quarried and cut into large (up to 50 tons) blocks for transport to Cape Town where the granite is exported and used domestically.
Places of interest
- The granite ore bins of the Tweefontein Mine has outstanding examples of Cornish stone masonry. The New Prospect Mine houses another granite ore bin in excellent condition.
- The graveyard contains the graves of early Rhenish missionaries and unmarked graves of fallen Boer soldiers.
- Orbicule Hill is a declared heritage site situated just west of Concordia. Exhibiting the finest example of orbicular diorite in the country, the rare rock texture is the result of granitoid magmas separating while in a fluid state which forms concentric internal banding.
- The Rhenish Mission Station was established in 1852 in the same year in which copper was discovered by European prospectors in the area.
- The United Reformed Church is a stone church building erected in 1875 by Cornishmen, with the original organ dating back to 1915. It is a fine example of outstanding stone masonry.
- Bagshawe, Peter (2012). Locomotives of the Namaqualand Railway and Copper Mines (1st ed.). Stenvalls. pp. 37–38. ISBN 978-91-7266-179-0.
- "Main Place Concordia". Census 2011.
- The Namaqualand Copper Mining Landscape UNESCO
- Anglo Boer War, South African History Online
- Smalberger, John M., Aspects of the history of Copper mining in Namaqualand 1846-1931, Struik, 1975
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