Condé Nast (businessman)

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Condé Nast
Nast-conde.jpg
Born
Condé Montrose Nast

(1873-03-26)March 26, 1873
New York City, U.S.
DiedSeptember 19, 1942(1942-09-19) (aged 69)
Alma materGeorgetown University
Washington University
OccupationPublisher
Spouse(s)
Clarisse Coudert
(m. 1902; div. 1925)

Leslie Foster
(m. 1928; div. 1932)
Partner(s)Helen Brown Norden
(1932–1936)
Children3
Parent(s)William F. Nast
Esther Benoist
RelativesWilliam Nast (grandfather)
Louis Auguste Benoist (grandfather)
Jane Bonham Carter, Baroness Bonham-Carter of Yarnbury (granddaughter)
Signature
Signature of Condé Montrose Nast.png

Condé Montrose Nast (March 26, 1873 – September 19, 1942) was an American publisher, entrepreneur, and business magnate. He founded Condé Nast, a large and successful mass media company, and he published titles such as Vanity Fair, Vogue, and The New Yorker.

Early life[edit]

Named after his uncle, Condé Montrose Nast was born in New York City to a family of Midwestern origin. His father, William F. Nast—son of the German-born Methodist leader William Nast—was an inventor who had been U.S. attaché in Berlin. His mother, the former Esther A. Benoist, was a daughter of pioneering St. Louis banker Louis Auguste Benoist, and a descendant of a prominent French family who emigrated to Canada, then to Missouri. He had three siblings.

Nast's aunt financed his studies at Georgetown University, from which he graduated in 1894. During his studies, he was the first president of Georgetown's early student government, The Yard, and he was a member of Georgetown's debating organization, the Philodemic Society.[1] He stayed on an extra year to receive a master's degree from Georgetown in 1895.[2] He went on to earn a law degree from Washington University in St. Louis in 1897.

Career[edit]

Nast circa 1916

Nast did not take well to law, and upon graduation, he got a job working for a former Georgetown classmate, Robert Collier, as advertising manager for Collier's Weekly. Over the course of a decade he increased the advertising revenue a hundredfold. He published books and Lippincott's Monthly Magazine with Robert M. McBride. After leaving Collier's, Nast bought Vogue, then a small New York society magazine, transforming it into one of America's premier fashion magazines.

He then turned Vanity Fair into a sophisticated general-interest publication, with the help of his friend Frank Crowninshield, who was editor and a major influence for more than 20 years. It published many new and high-quality writers, and displayed reproductions of modern art.

Nast eventually owned a stable of magazines that included House & Garden, British, French, and Argentine editions of Vogue, Le Jardin des Modes, and Glamour – the last magazine added to the group while he was alive. While other publishers simply focused on increasing the number of magazines in circulation, Nast targeted groups of readers by income level or common interest. Among his staff were Edna Woolman Chase, who served as the editor-in-chief of Vogue, Dorothy Parker, and Robert Benchley.

Personal life[edit]

Nast's grave in Gate of Heaven Cemetery

Nast was married twice. His first wife was Clarisse Coudert, a Coudert Brothers law-firm heiress who became a set and costume designer. They married in 1902, separated in 1919, and divorced in 1925. They had two children.[3]

His second wife was Leslie Foster, granddaughter of short-time governor of Wyoming Territory, George W. Baxter. They married in 1928 when she was 20 and he was 55, and divorced around 1932. They had one child.[4]

Between 1932 and 1936, Nast's companion was Vanity Fair writer Helen Brown Norden.[5][6]

He was nearly ruined by the Great Depression, and spent his last years struggling to regain his early prosperity. Condé Nast died on September 19, 1942, and is interred at Gate of Heaven Cemetery in Hawthorne, New York. His grave is in Section 25 of the cemetery, near Babe Ruth and Billy Martin.[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Notable Alumni". Philodemic Society. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
  2. ^ "Yard Fades Into Georgetown History" (PDF). The Hoya. May 1, 1969. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
  3. ^ "Mrs. Condé Nast Sues for Divorce in Paris". The New York Times. May 30, 1925.
  4. ^ "Miss Nast Fiancée of Baron St. Just". The New York Times. January 24, 1949.
  5. ^ O'Higgins, Patrick (June 30, 1975). "Helen Lawrenson's Two Lives: Beer and Champagne, Kiss and Tell". The People. Archived from the original on June 3, 2012. Retrieved October 14, 2009.
  6. ^ Johnston, Laurie (April 8, 1982). "Helen Lawrenson, 74, wrote about notable affairs". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 14, 2022. Retrieved August 26, 2017.
  7. ^ "Husband and Wife Reunited". The New York Times. October 14, 1890.
  8. ^ "Condé Nast Dead; Publisher was 68". The New York Times. September 20, 1942.

Further reading[edit]