Conda (package manager)
Conda is an open source, cross-platform, language-agnostic package manager and environment management system. It is released under the Berkeley Software Distribution License by Continuum Analytics.
Conda allows users to easily install different versions of binary software packages and any required libraries appropriate for their computing platform. Also, it allows users to switch between package versions and download and install updates from a software repository.
Conda is written in the Python programming language, but can manage projects containing code written in other languages (e.g., R), including multi-language projects. Conda can install the Python programming language, while similar Python-based cross-platform package managers (such as wheel or pip) cannot.
A popular Conda channel for bioinformatics software is Bioconda, which provides multiple software distributions for computational biology. In fact, the Conda package and environment manager is included in all versions of Anaconda, Miniconda, and Anaconda Repository.
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Conda works with Linux, OSX, and Windows, and is language agnostic, which allows us to use it with any programming language or even multi-language projects.
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So now let’s say you need Python 3 to learn programming, but you don’t want to overwrite your Python 2.7 environment by updating Python. You can create and activate a new environment named snakes, and install the latest version of Python 3 as follows:
- Bioconda official website
- Grüning, Bjorn; the Bioconda Team (27 October 2017). "Bioconda: A sustainable and comprehensive software distribution for the life sciences". bioRxiv 207092.
- "Miniconda". conda.io.
- "Anaconda repository". anaconda.org.
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