Condado (Santurce)

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Condado
Sector (of Santurce)
View from beach at hotel La Concha Resort
View from beach at hotel La Concha Resort
Locator map of Condado in the district of Santurce
Locator map of Condado in the district of Santurce
2000 Census map
2000 Census map
Republic United States of America
Island Puerto Rico
District Santurce
Borough San Juan
Area
 • Land 0.3185 sq mi (0.825 km2)
Population
 • Total 6,170
  (U.S. Census 2000[citation needed]

Condado (translates to county in English) is an oceanfront, tree-lined pedestrian-oriented community in Santurce.

Setting[edit]

Condado is primarily a middle to upper class community. It is located east of the historic colonial district of Old San Juan. It is one of 40 "sub-districts" of Santurce. The land area measures 203.81 acres (82.48 ha) with a resident population of 6,170 according to the 2000 United States Census.

The eastern border is marked by De Diego Avenue and its straight extension towards the Atlantic coast. On the south, the district is bounded by Wilson Street, Aldea Street, Expreso Baldorioty de Castro, Piccioni Street and Delcasse Street, and by the Condado Lagoon (from east to west). At the westernmost point is the Dos Hermanos Bridge, where Ashford Avenue ends and leads into Old San Juan. In the north are the beaches of the Atlantic Ocean next to hotels and other attractions such as nightclubs, casinos, shops and restaurants. Condado is one of the island's primary tourist destinations.

History[edit]

The 20th Century[edit]

Cornelius Vanderbilt, railroad tycoon in the U.S.

Condado began its process of urbanization in 1908 by two American industrialists, Hernan and Sosthenes, also known as the Behn Brothers. The quarter became a typical streetcar suburb to the traditional urban center of Old San Juan. Its growth and development was mostly shaped by a transportation influenced suburbanization developed on a grid plan.

The neighborhood experienced an economic boom in the first decades of the 20th century when some of the wealthiest families built their homes in the area. The Vanderbilts built a summer home in 1919 which today has been converted into the luxurious Condado Vanderbilt Hotel. The Behn Brothers also built their home in Condado and to their memory, Dos Hermanos Bridge (or "Two Brothers Bridge" in English) is named in their honor as founders of Puerto Rico Telephone and the new electric tramway line that linked the county to Old San Juan.

The 1950s-60s era saw another boom in Condado, with the rapid industrialization of Puerto Rico, this flamboyant locale was becoming a popular tourist destination. Large hotels like the Caribe Hilton Hotel and La Concha Resort were built as part of a government sponsorship program under the Operation Bootstrap brand.

A convention center was built to host activities while many families began to move in during the development of high-end and high-rise apartment buildings. In fact, Ashford Avenue was named after another well-known Condado resident Dr. Bailey Ashford. It runs through the district and leads toward the Puente Dos Hermanos.[1]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19402,470—    
19503,336+35.1%
19603,371+1.0%
19704,605+36.6%
19805,575+21.1%
19905,582+0.1%
20006,170+10.5%

The 21st Century[edit]

Skyline of El Condado at night
La Ventana al Mar

Condado looks quite different from what it did at the turn of the century. Some of the luxurious homes which still remain nestled between the high-rise condominiums have been converted into small inns, shops, museums or restaurants. Dr. Bailey Ashford's home has been remodeled and there are plans to turn it into a museum. Condado's main public space is La Ventana al Mar, designed by architect and urbanist Andrés Mignucci. The park is flanked by two of Condado's landmark hotels: to the west by the Condado Vanderbilt Hotel (1919), designed by Warren and Whitmore, and to the east by the La Concha Hotel (1957), designed by Toro Ferrer.

Public Transportation[edit]

Condado is served by the Puerto Rico Metropolitan Bus Authority with two bus routes: T21[2] and D53.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cangrejos - Santurce - Authors; Aníbal Sepúlveda, Jorge Carbonell, Centro de Investigaciones CARIMAR, Oficina Estatal de Preservación Histórica. (Spanish)
  2. ^ http://ati.pr/en/autobus/T21/
  3. ^ http://ati.pr/en/autobus/D53/
  4. ^ "ati.pr San Juan Bus Route Map". 

External links[edit]

Media related to Condado (Santurce) at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 18°27′23″N 66°04′16″W / 18.45639°N 66.07111°W / 18.45639; -66.07111