More precisely, a series is said to converge conditionally if exists and is a finite number (not ∞ or −∞), but
A classic example is given by
which converges to , but is not absolutely convergent (see Harmonic series).
The simplest examples of conditionally convergent series (including the one above) are the alternating series.
A typical conditionally convergent integral is that on the non-negative real axis of (see Fresnel integral).
- Walter Rudin, Principles of Mathematical Analysis (McGraw-Hill: New York, 1964).