Conditions (magazine)

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The Black Women's Issue

Conditions (full title: Conditions: a feminist magazine of writing by women with a particular emphasis on writing by lesbians) was a lesbian feminist literary annual founded in 1976 in Brooklyn, New York by Elly Bulkin, Jan Clausen, Irena Klepfisz and Rima Shore.[1]

Publishing Collective[edit]

Conditions was a magazine which emphasised the lives and writings of lesbians, and, throughout its history, the magazine maintained an all-lesbian collective.[2] This collective expressed a "long standing commitment to diversity; of writing style and content and of background of contributors", within the lesbian and feminist communities.[3] Conditions was especially dedicated to publishing the work of lesbians, in particular working class lesbians and lesbians of color.[2][3]

The Black Women's Issue[edit]

The journal's fifth issue, published in November, 1979, was edited by Barbara Smith and Lorraine Bethel. Conditions 5 was "the first widely distributed collection of Black feminist writing in the U.S.",[1] and was later to be the basis for the anthology Home Girls, one of the first books released by Kitchen Table: Women of Color Press.[4] Conditions 5: The Black Women's Issue was hugely popular, and set a record in feminist publishing by selling 3000 copies in the first three weeks it was available.[5]

Publication ceases[edit]

Conditions ceased publication in 1990.[2][6]



(partial list)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Smith, Barbara. The Truth That Never Hurts: Writings on Race, Gender, and Freedom, Rutgers University Press 1998, ISBN 0-8135-2761-9 p ix
  2. ^ a b c Busia, Abena P. A. Theorizing Black Feminisms: The Visionary Pragmatism of Black Women, Routledge, 1993, ISBN 0-415-07336-7, p225n
  3. ^ a b Allison, Clarke, Schaubman editorial. Conditions 11/12, p3
  4. ^ "". Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  5. ^ Smith, Barbara. Home Girls: A Black Feminist Anthology, Kitchen Table: Women of Color Press 1983 p1
  6. ^ Armstrong, David. Trumpet to Arms: Alternative Media in America, South End Press, 1985 ISBN 0-89608-193-1 p240
  7. ^ "" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-12-04.