Condyloid joint

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Condyloid joint
1: Ball and socket joint; 2: Condyloid joint (Ellipsoid); 3: Saddle joint; 4 Hinge joint; 5: Pivot joint;
Ligaments of wrist. Palmaris view
Latinarticulatio ellipsoidea
Anatomical terminology

A condyloid joint (also called condylar, ellipsoidal, or bicondylar[1]) is an ovoid articular surface, or condyle that is received into an elliptical cavity. This permits movement in two planes, allowing flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, and circumduction.


Examples include:[2]

These are also called ellipsoid joints. The oval-shaped condyle of one bone fits into the elliptical cavity of the other bone. These joints allow biaxial movements[3] — i.e., forward and backward, or from side to side, but not rotation. Radiocarpal joint and Metacarpo-phalangeal joint are examples of condyloid joints.

An example of an Ellipsoid joint is the wrist; it functions similarly to the ball and socket joint except is unable to rotate 360 degrees; it prohibits axial rotation.


Public domain This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 285 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ Rogers, Kara (2010) Bone and Muscle: Structure, Force, and Motion p.163
  2. ^ Module – Introduction to Joints Archived January 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY: Classification of Joints". Pressbooks. OpenStaxCollege. March 6, 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2023.