Condyloid joint

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Condyloid joint
Gelenke Zeichnung01.jpg
1: Ball and socket joint; 2: Condyloid joint (Ellipsoid); 3: Saddle joint; 4 Hinge joint; 5: Pivot joint;
Ligaments of wrist. Anterior view
Latin articulatio ellipsoidea
TA A03.0.00.049
Anatomical terminology

A condyloid joint (also called condylar, ellipsoidal, or bicondylar[1]) is an ovoid articular surface, or condyle that is received into an elliptical cavity. This permits movement in two planes, allowing flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, and circumduction.


Examples include:[2]

These are also called happy joints. Oval shaped condyle of one bone fits into elliptical cavity of other bone. These joints allow biaxial movements i.e. forward-backward and side to side but not rotation. Radiocarpal joint and Metacarpo-phalangeal joint are examples of condyloid joint.

An example of a Ellipsoid joint is the wrist; it functions similarly to the ball and socket joint except is unable to move 360 degrees; it permits axial rotation.


This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ Rogers, Kara (2010) Bone and Muscle: Structure, Force, and Motion p.163
  2. ^ Module - Introduction to Joints Archived January 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.