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It was a practice in medieval and Renaissance England in which devious people on the street would try to con or cheat vulnerable or gullible pedestrians. The term appears in The Taming of the Shrew and The Merry Wives of Windsor by William Shakespeare, and in the John Florio translation of Montaigne's essay, "Of the Cannibals."
The term was first used in print by Robert Greene in a series of 1592 pamphlets,  the titles of which included "The Defence of Conny-catching," in which he argued there were worse crimes to be found among "reputable" people, and "A Disputation betweene a Hee Conny-catcher and a Shee Conny-catcher." Kirby Farrell wrote a book called Cony-catching in 1971. Virginia Woolf mentions "cony catchers" in her book "Orlando".
- Bryson, Bill (2007). Shakespeare: The World as Stage. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-074022-1. OCLC 136782567.
- "Coney-catching". Internet Shakespeare Editions. University of Victoria. 4 January 2011. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- Ward, Adolphus William, Sir; Waller, Alfred Rayney; Trent, William Peterfield; Erskine, John; Sherman, Stuart Pratt; Van Doren, Carl, eds. (1907–1921). "Robert Greene's Social Pamphlets". The Cambridge History of English and American Literature. Bartleby.com (online edition) / Cambridge University Press (original). ISBN 1-58734-073-9. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
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