Confederate History Month
Confederate History Month is a month designated by seven state governments in the Southern United States for the purpose of recognizing and honoring the history of the Confederate States of America. April has traditionally been chosen, as Confederate Memorial Day falls during that month in many of these states. The designation of a month as Confederate History Month began in 1994.
Although Confederate Memorial Day is a holiday in most Southern states, the tradition of having a Confederate History Month is not uniform. State governments that have regularly declared Confederate History Month are as follows:
- Florida (since 2007)
- Georgia (by proclamation since 1995, by legislative authority since 2009)
- Texas (since 1999)
- Virginia (1994–2002, 2010)
Only Mississippi has officially declared April Confederate Heritage Month in 2022.
In 2022, four states: Alabama and Mississippi (April 25), North Carolina and South Carolina (May 10) still celebrate Confederate Memorial Day.
The Confederacy or the Southern states lost the Civil War, which occurred when the Southern states seceded from the United States in order to defend the institution of slavery, which fueled the mainly agricultural economies of those states. Confederate History Month and Confederate Memorial Day are thus highly controversial as they are linked to a war, secession and the right to own other people as slaves.
When Virginia Governor Bob McDonnell issued a proclamation resurrecting Confederate History Month in 2010, controversy arose due to the proclamation's omission of slavery. McDonnell later announced, "The proclamation issued by this Office designating April as Confederate History Month contained a major omission. The failure to include any reference to slavery was a mistake, and for that I apologize to any fellow Virginian who has been offended or disappointed. The abomination of slavery divided our nation, deprived people of their God-given inalienable rights, and led to the Civil War. Slavery was an evil, vicious and inhumane practice which degraded human beings to property, and it has left a stain on the soul of this state and nation." McDonnell has indicated that he will not issue a proclamation in future years. In 2007, the Virginia General Assembly approved a formal statement of "profound regret" for the Commonwealth's history of slavery.
On April 11, 2010, Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour defended McDonnell on CNN's State of the Union, calling the controversy raised by McDonnell's proclamation "just a nit". "It's trying to make a big deal out of something that doesn't matter for diddly," Barbour said. Unlike the Virginia proclamation, the 2010 Alabama proclamation noted, "our recognition of Confederate history also recognizes that slavery was one of the causes of the war, an issue in the war, was ended by the war and slavery is hereby condemned."
- ^ Schweitzer, Jeff (April 22, 2015). "Confederate History Month: An Embarrassing Abomination". Huffington Post.
- ^ a b c d e f Glanton, Dahleen (22 March 2009). "Southerners share confederate history". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 19 November 2010.
- ^ sb27.html
- ^ "Governor Robert F. McDonnell: Our Commonwealth". Archived from the original on 2010-04-13. Retrieved 2010-04-13.
- ^ Williams, Angela; Adams, Ross (April 14, 2021). "Mississippi governor declares April as Confederate Heritage Month". WAPT. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
- ^ "Confederate Memorial Day". Retrieved 10 January 2022.
- ^ Walker, Katherine (September 2008). "United, Regardless, and a Bit Regretful: Confederate History Month, the Slavery Apology, and the Failure of Commemoration". American Nineteenth Century History. 9 (3): 315–338. doi:10.1080/14664650802288431. ISSN 1466-4658. S2CID 144289078.
- ^ Weinberg, C (2011). "The Strange Career of Confederate History Month". OAH Magazine of History. 25 (2): 63–64. doi:10.1093/oahmag/oar008. JSTOR 23210248. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
- ^ Seidule, Ty (January 26, 2021). Robert E. Lee and Me: A Southerner's Reckoning with the Myth of the Lost Cause. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-1250239266.
- ^ Confederate history month rises again – Washington Times
- ^ Times Dispatch Staff (7 April 2010). "McDonnell statement on omission of slavery in confederate history proclamation". Richmond Times Dispatch. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012.
- ^ Craig, Tim (3 February 2007). "In Va. House, 'Profound Regret' on Slavery". The Washington Post.
- ^ Belenky, Alexander (11 April 2010). "Haley Barbour Defends Bob McDonell's Confederate History Proclamation, Slavery Omission (VIDEO)". Huffington Post.
- ^ "Confederate History and Heritage Month". March 22, 2010. Archived from the original on June 17, 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-12.
- Berlin, Ira (March 2004). "American Slavery in History and Memory and the Search for Social Justice". The Journal of American History. 90 (4): 1251–1268. doi:10.2307/3660347. JSTOR 3660347.
- Horton, James Oliver (Autumn 1999). "Presenting Slavery: The Perils of Telling America's Racial Story". The Public Historian. 21 (4): 19–38. doi:10.2307/3379471. JSTOR 3379471.
- Virginia's Split Personality On The Confederacy - audio report by NPR
- If You Think the Civil War Ever Ended, Think Again by Adele Stan, Alternet