Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs

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Three women photographed on the Warm Springs reservation in 1902.

The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs is a federally recognized confederation of Native American tribes who currently live on and govern the Warm Springs Indian Reservation in the U.S. state of Oregon.


The confederation consists of three tribes of the Pacific Northwest:


The Confederated Tribes adopted a constitution in 1938, after the construction of Bonneville Dam flooded the major fishing site at Cascades Rapids. Upon receiving a $4 million settlement in compensation for the 1957 flooding of Celilo Falls by the construction of The Dalles Dam, the Tribes used part of the sum to build the Kah-Nee-Ta resort, which opened in 1964.[1]

In 2001, members of the Confederated Tribes persuaded the Oregon Legislative Assembly to pass a bill mandating that the word squaw be changed in numerous place names.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Oregon Story". Oregon Public Broadcasting. 2001. Retrieved 2008-03-19. 
  2. ^ Sanders, Eli (December 11, 2004). "Renaming 'Squaw' Sites Proves Touchy in Oregon". The New York Times. 

External links[edit]