CONCACAF

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Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football
CONCACAF-logo.svg
CONCACAF member associations map.svg
Abbreviation CONCACAF
Formation 18 September 1961; 56 years ago (1961-09-18)
Type Sports organization
Headquarters Miami, Florida, U.S.
Membership
41 member associations
Official languages
English
Victor Montagliani
General Secretary
Philippe Moggio
Parent organization
FIFA
Website www.concacaf.com

The Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football[1][2] (CONCACAF, /ˈkɒn.kəkæf/ KON-kə-kaf) is the continental governing body for association football in North America, which includes Central America and the Caribbean region. Three South American entities—the independent nations of Guyana and Suriname and the French overseas department of French Guiana—are also members.[3] CONCACAF's primary functions are to organize competitions for national teams and clubs, and to conduct World Cup and Women's World Cup qualifying tournaments.

CONCACAF was founded in its current form on 18 September 1961 in Mexico City, Mexico, with the merger of the NAFC and the CCCF, which made it one of the then five, now six continental confederations affiliated with FIFA. Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles (Curaçao), Nicaragua, Panama, Suriname and United States were founding members.[4]

CONCACAF is the third-most successful FIFA confederation. Mexico dominated CONCACAF men's competition early on and has since won the most Gold Cups since the beginning of the tournament in its current format. The Mexican national team is the only CONCACAF team to win an official FIFA tournament by winning the 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup. They have also reached the Round of 16 for the past 6 World Cups. While the U.S. is the only country outside Europe and South America to receive a medal in the World Cup, finishing third in 1930, they also reached the 2002 World Cup quarterfinals and the 2009 Confederations Cup final. Between them, Mexico and the U.S. have won all but one of the editions of the CONCACAF Gold Cup. In recent years Costa Rica has become a power in the region and in 2014 became the 4th CONCACAF country after the United States, Cuba, and Mexico to make the World Cup quarterfinals. The United States has been very successful in the women's game, being the only CONCACAF member to win all three major worldwide competitions in women's football—the World Cup (3), the Olympics (4), and the Algarve Cup (10). Canada is the only other member to win at least one of the major competitions, winning the Algarve Cup in 2016.

Governance[edit]

CONCACAF is led by a General Secretary, Executive Committee, Congress, and several standing committees. The Executive Committee is composed of eight members — one president, three vice-presidents, three members, and one female member.[5] Each of the three geographic zones in CONCACAF is represented by one vice-president and one member. The Executive Committee carries out the various statutes, regulations, and resolutions.

Leadership[edit]

The first leader of CONCACAF was Costa Rican Ramón Coll Jaumet; he had overseen the merger between the North American Football Confederation (NAFC) and the Confederación Centroamericana y del Caribe de Fútbol (CCCF). In 1969, he was succeeded in the role by Mexican Joaquín Soria Terrazas, who served as president for 21 years.

His successor Jack Warner was the CONCACAF president from 1990 to 2011, also for 21 years. Warner was suspended as president on 30 May 2011 due to his temporary suspension from football-related activity by FIFA following corruption allegations.[6] Chuck Blazer was the General Secretary during the same period.[7]

On 20 June 2011, Jack Warner resigned from the presidency of CONCACAF, and removed himself from all participation in football, in the wake of the corruption investigation resulting from the 10 May 2011 meeting of the Caribbean Football Union.[8] The vice-president of CONCACAF, Alfredo Hawit, acted as president until May 2012.[9]

In May 2012, Cayman Islands banker Jeffrey Webb was installed as President of CONCACAF. On 27 May 2015, Webb was arrested in Zurich, Switzerland on corruption charges in the U.S.

Victor Montagliani, leader of the Canadian Soccer Association, was elected as president of CONCACAF in May 2016.[10]

Current leaders[edit]

Name[11] Nation Position
Victor Montagliani  Canada President
Rodolfo Villalobos  Costa Rica Vice president
Sunil Gulati  United States Vice president
Decio De Maria  Mexico Vice president
Philippe Moggio  France General secretary

Corporate structure[edit]

CONCACAF is located in CONCACAF
Nassau, Bahamas
Nassau, Bahamas
Miami, United States
Miami, United States
New York, United States
New York, United States
George Town, Cayman Islands
George Town, Cayman Islands
Guatemala City, Guatemala
Guatemala City, Guatemala
Locations of CONCACAF offices

CONCACAF is a non-profit company registered in Nassau, Bahamas.[12]

The headquarters of the CONCACAF (referred to as the office of the president) are currently located in the Admiral Financial Center, George Town, Cayman Islands—the home city of CONCACAF president Jeffrey Webb. Previously, they were based in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago under the presidency of Jack Warner.

The administration office of CONCACAF (referred to as the primary office) is located in Miami—the "home town" of Enrique Sanz, the general secretary. Enrique Sanz was appointed as the CONCACAF General Secretary in July 2012.[13] It was previously located in Trump Tower, New York when Chuck Blazer was the General Secretary.

There is also an office in Guatemala City, which is shared with UNCAF and an office in New York.[14]

Members[edit]

CONCACAF has 41 member associations:[15]

  • 27 from the Caribbean
  • 7 from Central America
  • 4 from North America
  • 3 from South America
Code Association National teams Founded FIFA
affiliation
CONCACAF
affiliation
IOC
member
North American Zone (NAFU)
CAN Canada Canada (M, W) 1912 1913 1961 Yes
MEX Mexico Mexico (M, W) 1927 1929 1961 Yes
USA United States United States (M, W) 1913 1914 1961 Yes
Central American Zone (UNCAF)
BLZ Belize Belize (M, W) 1980 1986 1986 Yes
CRC Costa Rica Costa Rica (M, W) 1921 1927 1961 Yes
SLV El Salvador El Salvador (M, W) 1935 1938 1961 Yes
GUA Guatemala Guatemala (M, W) 1919 1946 1961 Yes
HON Honduras Honduras (M, W) 1951 1951 1961 Yes
NCA Nicaragua Nicaragua (M, W) 1931 1950 1961 Yes
PAN Panama Panama (M, W) 1937 1938 1961 Yes
Caribbean Zone (CFU)
AIA Anguilla Anguilla (M, W) 1990 1996 1996 No
ATG Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda (M, W) 1928 1972 in 1973 or before Yes
ARU Aruba Aruba (M, W) 1932 1988 1986 Yes
BAH The Bahamas Bahamas (M, W) 1967 1968 in 1973 or before Yes
BRB Barbados Barbados (M, W) 1910 1968 1967 Yes
BER Bermuda Bermuda[m 1] (M, W) 1928 1962 1967 Yes
BON Bonaire Bonaire[m 2] (M, W) 1960 N/A 2014 No
VGB British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands (M, W) 1974 1996 1996 Yes
CAY Cayman Islands Cayman Islands (M, W) 1966 1992 1990 Yes
CUB Cuba Cuba (M, W) 1924 1929 1961 Yes
CUW Curaçao Curaçao (M, W) 1921 1932 1961 No
DMA Dominica Dominica (M, W) 1970 1994 1994 Yes
DOM Dominican Republic Dominican Republic (M, W) 1953 1958 1964 Yes
GYF French Guiana French Guiana[m 2][m 3] (M, W) 1962 N/A 2013 No
GRN Grenada Grenada (M, W) 1924 1978 1978 Yes
GPE Guadeloupe Guadeloupe[m 2] (M, W) 1958 N/A 2013 No
GUY Guyana Guyana[m 3] (M, W) 1902 1970 between 1969 and 1971 Yes
HAI Haiti Haiti (M, W) 1904 1934 1961 Yes
JAM Jamaica Jamaica (M, W) 1910 1962 1963 Yes
MTQ Martinique Martinique[m 2] (M, W) 1953 N/A 2013 No
MSR Montserrat Montserrat (M, W) 1994 1996 1996 No
PUR Puerto Rico Puerto Rico (M, W) 1940 1960 1964 Yes
SKN Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis (M, W) 1932 1992 1992 Yes
LCA Saint Lucia Saint Lucia (M, W) 1979 1988 1986 Yes
SMT Flag of Saint-Martin (fictional).svg Saint-Martin[m 2] (M, W) 1999 N/A 2013 No
VIN Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (M, W) 1979 1988 1986 Yes
SXM Sint Maarten Sint Maarten[m 2] (M, W) 1986 N/A 2013 No
SUR Suriname Suriname[m 3] (M, W) 1920 1929 1961 Yes
TRI Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago (M, W) 1908 1964 1964 Yes
TCA Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands (M, W) 1996 1998 1996 No
VIR United States Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands (M, W) 1992 1998 1987 Yes

M = Men's National Team. W = Women's National Team
N/A: not applicable, not available or no answer.

  1. ^ Inside the North American zone, but CFU member.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Full CONCACAF member, but not a FIFA member.
  3. ^ a b c South American country or territory, but CONCACAF member.

Bonaire were promoted from an association member to a full member at the XXIX Ordinary CONCACAF Congress in São Paulo on 10 June 2014.

Teams not affiliated to the IOC are not eligible to participate in the Summer Olympics football tournament, as a result, they do not participate in the CONCACAF Men's Pre-Olympic Tournament or the CONCACAF Women's Pre-Olympic Tournament.

Potential future members of CONCACAF[edit]

Code Country Association Location First international
GRL  Greenland Football Association of Greenland North America 1980
SAB  Saba Saba Football Association Caribbean 2004
SBH  Saint Barthélemy Saint Barthélemy Football Association Caribbean 2010
SPM  Saint Pierre and Miquelon Football Federation of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon North America 2010
EUX  Sint Eustatius Sint Eustatius Football Association Caribbean 2004

Membership relation[edit]

Elections at the CONCACAF Congress are mandated with a one-member, one-vote rule. The North American Football Union is the smallest association union in the region with only three members, but its nations have strong commercial and marketing support from sponsors and they are the most populous nations in the region.

The Caribbean Football Union has the ability to outvote NAFU and UNCAF with less than half of its membership. Consequently, there is a fractious relationship between members of CFU, UNCAF and NAFU.[citation needed] This provoked former Acting-President Alfredo Hawit to lobby for the CONCACAF Presidency to be rotated between the three unions in CONCACAF in 2011.

Trinidad's Jack Warner presided over CONCACAF for 21 years, and there was little that non-Caribbean nations could do to elect an alternative. Under Warner, the CFU members voted together as a unit with Warner acting as a party whip. It happened with such regularity that sports political commentators referred to the CFU votes as the "Caribbean bloc" vote.[citation needed] Warner rejected the idea in 1993 of merging several smaller nations' national teams into a Pan-Caribbean team. His reasoning was that the nations were more powerful politically when separate than when together. He commented that "being small is never a liability in this sport".[16]

Competitions[edit]

The Gold Cup and the Champions League are the two most visible CONCACAF tournaments.[15]

CONCACAF Gold Cup[edit]

The CONCACAF Gold Cup is the main association football competition of the men's national football teams governed by CONCACAF, held since 1991. The Gold Cup is CONCACAF's flagship competition, and the Gold Cup generates a significant part of CONCACAF's revenue.[17]

The Gold Cup determines the regional champion of North America, Central America, and the Caribbean. The Gold Cup is held every two years. Twelve teams compete for the Gold Cup — three from North America, five from Central America, and four from the Caribbean. The Central American teams qualify through the Central American Cup, and the Caribbean teams qualify through the Caribbean Cup.

The winners of two successive Gold Cups (for example, the 2013 and 2015 editions) face each other in a playoff to determine the CONCACAF entrant to the next Confederations Cup. If the same team has won the Gold Cup on both relevant occasions, there will be no playoff and that team automatically qualifies for the Confederations Cup.[18]

CONCACAF Champions League[edit]

The CONCACAF Champions League, originally known as the CONCACAF Champions' Cup, is an annual continental club association football competition organized by CONCACAF since 1962 for the top football clubs in the region. It is the most prestigious international club competition in North American football. The winner of the Champions League qualifies for the FIFA Club World Cup. The tournament consists of two stages. The group stage is played from August to October, and the knockout phase spans March through May.[19]

Twenty-four teams compete in each Champions League — 9 from North America, 12 from Central America, and 3 teams from the Caribbean. The North American and Central American teams qualify through their national leagues or other national tournaments, while the Caribbean teams qualify through the CFU Club Championship.

The title has been won by 28 different clubs, 17 of which have won the title more than once. Mexican clubs have accumulated the highest number of victories, with 31 titles. The second most successful league has been Costa Rica's Primera División with six titles in total. The most successful club is the reigning champion, Club América from Mexico, with seven titles; fellow Mexico side Cruz Azul is just behind with six.

CONCACAF League[edit]

Sixteen clubs from Central America and the Caribbean compete in the 2017-established CONCACAF League. The winner of the competition will be awarded a place in the following year's CONCACAF Champions League.

Current title holders[edit]

Competition Champion Title Runner-up Next edition
Clubs
CONCACAF Champions League Mexico Pachuca 5th Mexico Tigres UANL 2018
CONCACAF League Honduras Olimpia 1st Costa Rica Santos de Guápiles 2018
CONCACAF Futsal Club Championship Costa Rica Grupo Line Futsal 1st United States Elite Futsal 2019
Nations Men
CONCACAF Gold Cup  United States 6th  Jamaica 2019
CONCACAF Cup  Mexico 1st  United States 2019
CONCACAF League of Nations
CONCACAF U-20 Championship  United States 1st  Honduras 2019
CONCACAF U-17 Championship  Mexico 7th  United States 2019
CONCACAF U-15 Championship  Mexico 1st  United States ?
CONCACAF Men's Pre-Olympic Tournament  Mexico 7th  Honduras 2019
CONCACAF Futsal Championship  Costa Rica 3rd  Panama 2020
CONCACAF Beach Soccer Championship  Panama 1st  Mexico 2019
Nations Women
CONCACAF Women's Gold Cup  United States 7th  Costa Rica 2018
CONCACAF Women's U-20 Championship  United States 5th  Canada 2018
CONCACAF Women's U-17 Championship  United States 3rd  Mexico 2018
CONCACAF Girls U-15 Championship  United States 1st  Canada 2018
CONCACAF Women's Pre-Olympic Tournament  United States 4th  Canada 2020

Other competitions[edit]

Defunct competitions[edit]

CONMEBOL tournaments[edit]

The following CONMEBOL tournaments have CONCACAF competitors:

National teams

Clubs

Rankings[edit]