FIFA Confederations Cup

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FIFA World Confederations Cup
Founded 1992
Number of teams 8
Current champions  Brazil (4th title)
Most successful team(s)  Brazil (4 titles)
Website Official website
2017 FIFA Confederations Cup

The FIFA Confederations Cup is an international association football tournament for national teams, currently held every four years by FIFA. It is contested by the holders of each of the six FIFA confederation championships (UEFA, CONMEBOL, CONCACAF, CAF, AFC, OFC), along with the FIFA World Cup holder and the host nation, to bring the number of teams up to eight.

Since 2005, the tournament has been held in the nation that will host the FIFA World Cup in the following year, acting as a rehearsal for the larger tournament. Brazil hosted the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup from 15 to 30 June, which they won by defeating Spain 3–0 in the final for a record fourth title.

History and details[edit]

FIFA Confederations Cup showing countries best results (colors as shown) and host countries (yellow dots).

The tournament was originally organized by and held in Saudi Arabia and called the King Fahd Cup (Confederations Winners Cup or Intercontinental Championship), contested in 1992 and 1995 by the Saudi national side and some continental champions. In 1997, FIFA took over the organization of the tournament, named it the FIFA Confederations Cup and staged the competition every two years.[1]

Since 2005, it has been held every four years, in the year prior to each World Cup in the host country of the forthcoming World Cup (the 2001 edition was hosted in South Korea and Japan, before the quadrennial pattern was established). Considered a dress-rehearsal for the World Cup it precedes, it uses around half of the stadia intended for use at the following year's competition and gives the host nation, which qualifies for that tournament automatically, experience at a high level of competition during two years of otherwise friendlies. At the same time, participation was made optional for the South American and European champions.[2]

Generally, the host nation, the World Cup holders, and the six continental champions qualify for the competition. In those cases where a team meets more than one of the qualification criteria (such as the 2001 tournament where France qualified as the World Cup champions and European champions), another team is invited to participate, often the runner-up in a competition that the extra-qualified team won.

On three occasions teams have chosen not to participate in the tournament. Germany did so twice, first in the 1997 Confederations Cup after their victory in the Euro 1996, and again in the 2003 Confederations Cup when they were awarded a place as the 2002 World Cup runners-up. In 1997, Germany were replaced by 1996 runners-up Czech Republic, and in 2003 they were replaced by Turkey, the 2002 third place team. France, 1998 World Cup winners, declined their place in the 1999 Confederations Cup, and were replaced by Brazil, the 1998 World Cup runners-up (and also 1997 Copa América champions).

An earlier tournament existed that invited former World Cup winners, the Mundialito, or Lloyd Griffin which celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of the first World Cup. The Artemio Franchi Trophy, contested in 1985 and 1993 between the winners of the Copa América and UEFA European Football Championship, was also another example of an earlier contest between football confederations. Both of these are considered by some to be a form of an unofficial precursor to the Confederations Cup, although FIFA recognised only the 1992 tournaments onwards to be Confederations Cup winners.[3]

Format[edit]

The 8 qualified teams are ranked, with a draw, in two round-robin groups: two teams of same confederation cannot be drawn in a group. Every team faces others once, for three games: the group stage is followed by a knockout phase.

  • Semifinals:
    • 1st placed group A - 2nd placed group B
    • 1st placed group B - 2nd placed group A
  • Finals:

Tie-breaker criterials are:

  1. Head-to-head record
  2. Goal difference
  3. Number of goals scored
  4. Draw

For semifinals and finals, if the score is draw at the end of regular time the match ends with overtime or shoot-out.

Results[edit]

King Fahd Cup[edit]

Year Host Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place Number of teams
1992
Details
 Saudi Arabia [A]
Argentina
3–1
Saudi Arabia

United States
5–2
Ivory Coast
4
1995
Details
 Saudi Arabia [A]
Denmark
2–0
Argentina

Mexico
1–1 (a.e.t.)
(5–4p)

Nigeria
6
  1. ^ a b The first two editions were in fact the defunct King Fahd Cup. FIFA later recognized them retroactively as Confederations Cups; see tournament archive.

FIFA Confederations Cup[edit]

Year Host Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place Number of teams
1997
Details
 Saudi Arabia
Brazil
6–0
Australia

Czech Republic
1–0
Uruguay
8
1999
Details
 Mexico
Mexico
4–3
Brazil

United States
2–0
Saudi Arabia
8
2001
Details
 South Korea  Japan
France
1–0
Japan

Australia
1–0
Brazil
8
2003
Details
 France
France
1–0 (a.e.t.)
Cameroon

Turkey
2–1
Colombia
8
2005
Details
 Germany
Brazil
4–1
Argentina

Germany
4–3 (a.e.t.)
Mexico
8
2009
Details
 South Africa
Brazil
3–2
United States

Spain
3–2 (a.e.t.)
South Africa
8
2013
Details
 Brazil
Brazil
3–0
Spain

Italy
2–2 (a.e.t.)
(3–2p)

Uruguay
8
2017
Details
 Russia 8

Teams reaching the top four[edit]

Team Winners Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place
 Brazil 4 (1997, 2005, 2009, 2013*) 1 (1999) 1 (2001)
 France 2 (2001, 2003*)
 Argentina 1 (1992) 2 (1995, 2005)
 Mexico 1 (1999*) 1 (1995) 1 (2005)
 Denmark 1 (1995)
 United States 1 (2009) 2 (1992, 1999)
 Australia 1 (1997) 1 (2001)
 Spain 1 (2013) 1 (2009)
 Saudi Arabia 1 (1992*) 1 (1999)
 Japan 1 (2001*)
 Cameroon 1 (2003)
 Czech Republic 1 (1997)
 Turkey 1 (2003)
 Germany 1 (2005*)
 Italy 1 (2013)
 Uruguay 2 (1997, 2013)
 Ivory Coast 1 (1992)
 Nigeria 1 (1995)
 Colombia 1 (2003)
 South Africa 1 (2009*)
*: hosts

Records and statistics[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "FIFA Confederations Cup" (PDF). 
  2. ^ "2005/2006 season: final worldwide matchday to be 14 May 2006". FIFA. 19 December 2004. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  3. ^ "Intercontinental Cup for Nations". RSSSF. 16 July 2009. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 

External links[edit]