Conflict of Adam and Eve with Satan
The Conflict of Adam and Eve with Satan is a 6th century Christian extracanonical work found in Ge'ez, translated from an Arabic original. It does not form part of the canon of any known church.
Editions and translations
It was first translated from the Ge'ez Ethiopic version into German by August Dillmann. It was first translated into English by S. C. Malan from the German of Ernest Trumpp. The first half of Malan's translation is included as the "First Book of Adam and Eve" and the "Second Book of Adam and Eve" in The Lost Books of the Bible and the Forgotten Books of Eden. The books mentioned below were added by Malan to his English translation; the Ethiopic is divided into sections of varying length, each dealing with a different subject.
Books 1 and 2 begin immediately after the expulsion from the Garden of Eden, and end with the testament and translation of Enoch. Great emphasis is placed in Book 1 on Adam's sorrow and helplessness in the world outside the garden.
In Book 2, the "sons of God" who appear in Genesis 6:2 are identified as the children of Seth, and the "daughters of men" as women descended from Cain, who successfully tempt most of the Sethites to come down from their mountain and join the Cainites in the valley below, under the instigation of Genun, son of Lamech. This Genun, as the inventor of musical instruments, seems to correspond to the Biblical Jubal; however he also invents weapons of war. The Cainites, descended from Cain the first murderer, are described as exceedingly wicked, being prone to commit murder and incest. After seducing the Sethites, their offspring become the Nephilim, the "mighty men" of Gen. 6 who are all destroyed in the deluge, as also detailed in other works such as I Enoch and Jubilees.
Books 3 and 4 continue with the lives of Noah, Shem, Melchizedek, etc. through to the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus in AD 70. The genealogy from Adam to Jesus is given, as in the Gospels, but including also the names of the wives of each of Jesus' ancestors, which is extremely rare.
The Cave of Treasures is a Syriac work containing many of the same legends; indeed, as Malan remarks, a whole body of stories expanding upon the Old Testament is found in the Talmud, in the Koran, and in other late antique texts.
Contradiction with the Bible
- 1st Adam and Eve LXXVIII:16 says "Then on the morrow Adam said unto Cain his son, 'Take of thy sheep, young and good, and offer them up unto thy God; and I will speak to thy brother, to make unto his God an offering of corn.'" while Genesis 4:2-3 says "And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD. And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering:".
- Book 2 has discrepancies with Old Testament saint lifetimes:
- Enos lived 985 years (2nd Adam and Eve XIV:4) whereas the Bible says that he lived 905 years (Genesis 5:11).
- Mahalaleel lived 870 years (2nd Adam and Eve XVI:2) whereas the Bible says that he lived 895 years (Genesis 5:17).
- Jared lived 989 years (2nd Adam and Eve XXI:13) whereas the Bible says that he lived 962 years (Genesis 5:20).
- Charles, R.H. (2004). The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament, Volume Two: Pseudepigrapha. Apocryphile Press. p. 127. ISBN 978-0-9747623-7-1. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
- Jenkins, P. (2015). The Many Faces of Christ: The Thousand-Year Story of the Survival and Influence of the Lost Gospels. Basic Books. p. 144. ISBN 978-0-465-06161-7. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
- Weinberger, E. (2016). The Ghosts of Birds. New Directions. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-8112-2619-6. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
- Malan, S.C. (1882). The Book of Adam and Eve: Also Called the Conflict of Adam and Eve with Satan, a Book of the Early Eastern Church, Translated from the Ethiopic, with Notes from the Kufale, Talmud, Midrashim, and Other Eastern Works. Williams and Norgate. p. 6. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
- Dillmann, A. (1853). Das christliche Adambuch des Morgenlandes. Göttingen: Dieterich. OCLC 230747084
- Malan, S. C. (1882). The Book of Adam and Eve: Also called the conflict of Adam and Eve with Satan, a book of the early Eastern Church. London, Williams and Norgate; repr. Kiesinger 2003, Gorgias Press 2010.
- The First Book of Adam and Eve.
- "2nd Adam and Eve, Chapter XIV".
- "2nd Adam and Eve, Chapter XVI".
- "2nd Adam and Eve, Chapter XXI".
The First Book of Adam and Eve and the Second Book of Adam and Eve, Malan's translation as modernized by Dennis Hawkins: