Supreme Council for the Confucian Religion in Indonesia

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Zhong Shu, the logo of the church.

The Supreme Council for the Confucian Religion in Indonesia (Indonesian: Majelis Tinggi Agama Konghucu Indonesia, MATAKIN; HYPY: yìnní kǒngiào zǒnghuì; Chinese: 印尼孔教總會), is a Confucian church established in 1955 in Indonesia, comprising the communities of practitioners of Confucianism mostly among Chinese Indonesians. Together with the Hong Kong Confucian Academy it is one of the two branches that formed after the dissolution of mainland China's Confucian Church founded by Kang Youwei in the early 20th century.


  • In 1883, Boen Tjhiang Soe (Wen Chang Shi 文昌祠), after being rebuilt in 1906, became the Boen Bio (Wen Miao 文廟 or Kong Miao 孔廟, "Temple of Culture" or "Temple of Confucius") at Jl. Kapasan No. 131 Surabaya. The colonial Dutch called it Geredja Boen Bio or Geredja Khonghoetjoe, "Church of Confucius" (de Kerk van Confucius). At the present time it is a place of worship for Confucians in Surabaya.
  • In 1886, the first book of Confucius History in Indonesian, was published by Lie Kim Hok.
  • In 1897, Sishu (四書), the Four Books, were translated in Indonesian by Toean Njio Tjoen Ean and were published in Ambon.
  • In 1900, the translation and commentary of Thai Hak (Daxue 大學, Id: Ajaran Besar) and Tiong Yong (Zhong Yong 中庸, Id: Tengah Sempurna) were completed by Tan Ging Tiong.
  • On March 17, 1900, twenty Chinese community leaders and activist established the Tiong Hoa Hwee Koan (Zhonghua Huiguan 中華會館)), an Indonesian Confucian Chinese Social Organisation, with the purpose to introduce the real teachings of Confucius.
  • In 1918, the Confucian Council of Solo (Khong Kauw Hwee 孔教會) was legally founded.
  • In 1923, a congress was held at Yogyakarta, Central Java, which established the Khong Kauw Tjong Hwee (孔教總會), the Central Assembly of Confucianism.
  • On April 16, 1955 it was renamed the Supreme Council for the Confucian Religion in Indonesia; Majelis Tinggi Agama Khonghucu Indonesia: MATAKIN).

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